Study Guide – Ch. 16 and 17 – due test day! 1. What are the 4 characteristics of a mental disorder? 1. 2. 3. 4. 2. What is the medical model? How did the medical model improve conditions for the mentally ill? According to the Medical Model, what causes psychological disorders? 3. How would the following perspectives explain mental disorders? a. Psychoanalytic b. Humanistic c. Cognitive d. Behavioral e. Biological f. Social-cultural 4. Explain the Bio-Psycho-Social perspective. Why is this the most commonly used perspective? 5. What is the DSM V? What are some pros and cons of the DSM? 6. What is the difference between neurotic and psychotic disorders? List examples of both. 7. What causes most anxiety disorders? 8. Describe symptoms and causes of the following Anxiety Disorders. a. Generalized Anxiety Disorder- b. Panic Disorder- c. OCD- d. Phobia- e. PTSD- f. Tourette’s- g. Agoraphobia- 9. What causes many mood disorders? Which neurotransmitters are impacted by mood disorders? (consider both depression and mania) How has the prevalence of depression changed in the last 20-30 years? 10. Describe symptoms and causes of the following mood disorders: a. Major Depressive Disorder- b. Dysthymic Disorder- c. Seasonal Affective Disorder- d. Bipolar Disorder- 11. What causes most dissociative disorders? 12. Describe symptoms and causes of the following dissociative disorders: a. Dissociative Identity Disorder- b. Anterograde Amnesia- c. Retrograde Amnesia d. Dissociate Amnesia- E. Dissociative Fugue- 13. What causes Schizophrenia? Be specific and extensive. 14. Which neurotransmitter is impacted most by schizophrenia? How is it impacted? How do drugs aim to alleviate schizophrenia? What are some risks of using these drugs? 15. What is the difference between the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia? 16. What is the difference between a delusion and a hallucination? 17. Describe symptoms and causes of the following schizophrenic disorders. a. Disorganizedb. Catatonicc. Undifferentiatedd. Paranoid18. Describe personality disorders. 19. How do the following personality disorders differ? a. Avoidant Personality- b. Paranoid Personality- c. Borderline- d. Histrionic- e. Narcissistic- f. Anti-social- Ch 17- Therapy1. What is the difference between psychological and biomedical therapies? 2. How do the following therapeutic perspectives differ? What is each type of therapy’s goal? a. Psychoanalytic- b. Humanistic- c. Biological- d. Behavioral- e. Cognitive- 3. What is the eclectic approach? Why is it so popular? 4. Describe the following psychoanalytic therapy techniques: a. Free association- b. Resistance- c. Latent content- d. Transference- 5. What are some criticisms of the psychoanalytic approach? 6. What is interpersonal psychotherapy? Why is it a good alternative to psychoanalysis? 7. Describe the following humanistic therapy techniques a. Carl Roger’s Client Centered Therapy- b. Active Listening- c. Unconditional positive regard- 8. What are some criticisms of the humanistic approach? 9. How does the humanistic perspective differ from the psychoanalytic perspective? 10. Describe the following behavioral therapy techniques: a. Counterconditioningb. Systematic Desensitizationc. Flooding – d. Implosione. Aversive Conditioning- f. Token Economy- g. Modeling- 11. What are some criticisms of the behavioral approach? 12. What is the goal of cognitive therapy? Which disorder does cognitive therapy work best at curing? 13. What is Aaron Beck’s view on depression? 14. According to Beck, what are arbitrary interferences? How is this linked to depression? 15. According to Beck, what are arbitrary interferences? How is this linked to depression? 16. Explain Albert Ellis’ Rational Emotive Therapy. 17. What is Cogntive-Behavorial Therapy? 18. What are some criticisms of cognitive therapy? 19. What is Regression Towards the Mean? How might it impact people’s views on the effectiveness of therapy? 20. What is Meta Analysis? Why is it needed? 21. What is the best type of therapy for depression? 22. What is the best type of therapy for anxiety? 23. What is the best type of therapy for Bulimia? 24. What is the best type of therapy for phobias? 25. What is light exposure therapy used to treat? 26. What is therapeutic touch therapy? Is it effective? 27. What is ECT? What is it used for and what are some side effects of the treatment? 28. What is EMDR? What is it used for? 29. What is the difference between a psychologist and psychiatrist? 30. What is psychopharmacology? How might the placebo effect impact people’s views on the effectiveness of biomedical therapy? 31. List 2 antipsychotic drugs. What are some side effects of these drugs? 32. List 2 anti-anxiety drugs. Side effects? 33. List 2 anti-depressant drugs. Side effects? 34. What is lithium used to treat? 35. List the pros and cons of both individual and group therapy. 36. Why did Hans Eysenck challenge the effectiveness of psychotherapy?