Do Now: Write 2-4 lines, what do you know

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Do Now: Write 2-4 lines, what do you know
about Martin Luther King, Jr.?
MLK, Jr
Today, I will be able to analyze MLK, Jr’s
“Mountaintop Speech” for historical content and
critique it’s overall effectiveness.
***Grading period ends Wednesday 21 January***
You were assigned to complete questions 1-7 pgs.
198-200
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Writing our laws and rights down
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Mayflower Compact, Constitutions, Bill of Rights
Federalism: Division of power between states and the federal government
(prevents tyranny)
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Limited Government: Restricts the power of the government.
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Representative Government: Republic style of government
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Virginia House of Burgesses
Separation of Powers: 3 branches of government, each has their own
specific role
Checks and Balances: Each branch of government has authority over
another branch in order to make sure one doesn’t become too powerful
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British
European philosophers
Greeks
Romans
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Magna Carta (Grand Charter 1215), restricts the
authority of the British monarch, stated that
nobles had specific rights.
English Bill of Rights: 1689, part of the
Glorious Revolution
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Trial by jury (6th)
Protection for Cruel and Unusual Punishment (8th)
Right to bear arms (2nd)
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Hobbes known discussing the state of nature
(what’s life like without government? “Short,
Nasty, and Brutish…”)
Locke: Social Contract, government is to
protect natural rights of the citizens
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Separation of Powers: Divide government into
3 branches, drastically reduces the chances of
tyranny…WHY
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Reserved: Powers that belong to the federal
government
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Delegated: Powers that belong to the state
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Concurrent: Shared powers
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Each branch keeps the other in “check”, by holding
authority over the others
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Congress can pass bills, but the President can veto
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Congress can override a veto
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H.O.R. can impeach the President or federal judges
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Judicial appoints made by the President must be approved
by the Senate
The Courts will have the authority to deem laws and actions
“unconstitutional” after the Marbury vs. Madison ruling.
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