Do Now: Write 2-4 lines, what do you know about Martin Luther King, Jr.? MLK, Jr Today, I will be able to analyze MLK, Jr’s “Mountaintop Speech” for historical content and critique it’s overall effectiveness. ***Grading period ends Wednesday 21 January*** You were assigned to complete questions 1-7 pgs. 198-200 Writing our laws and rights down Mayflower Compact, Constitutions, Bill of Rights Federalism: Division of power between states and the federal government (prevents tyranny) Limited Government: Restricts the power of the government. Representative Government: Republic style of government Virginia House of Burgesses Separation of Powers: 3 branches of government, each has their own specific role Checks and Balances: Each branch of government has authority over another branch in order to make sure one doesn’t become too powerful British European philosophers Greeks Romans Magna Carta (Grand Charter 1215), restricts the authority of the British monarch, stated that nobles had specific rights. English Bill of Rights: 1689, part of the Glorious Revolution Trial by jury (6th) Protection for Cruel and Unusual Punishment (8th) Right to bear arms (2nd) Hobbes known discussing the state of nature (what’s life like without government? “Short, Nasty, and Brutish…”) Locke: Social Contract, government is to protect natural rights of the citizens Separation of Powers: Divide government into 3 branches, drastically reduces the chances of tyranny…WHY Reserved: Powers that belong to the federal government Delegated: Powers that belong to the state Concurrent: Shared powers Each branch keeps the other in “check”, by holding authority over the others Congress can pass bills, but the President can veto Congress can override a veto H.O.R. can impeach the President or federal judges Judicial appoints made by the President must be approved by the Senate The Courts will have the authority to deem laws and actions “unconstitutional” after the Marbury vs. Madison ruling.