Definition Bank Each branch of government exercises controls over the other branches. There is a restriction (control) over how much power the government has. States and national government share powers. People exercise their power by voting for their political representatives. Division of government roles into branches. Personal liberties and privileges. Government in which the people rule. Examples Bank “We the People…” Bill of Rights protects the liberties of the people. Popular election of representatives Legislative, Judicial, and Executive branches The legislative branch can impeach the President of the U.S. Some powers are reserved to the states There are some powers that Congress does not have.