Computer Basics Study Guide

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Name: _______________________________
Period: ___________
Computer Basics Study Guide
Hardware & Software
Your computer has both hardware and software.
(A) _________________ means computer parts you can see and touch.
Examples are: (B) _____________________________________________________
(C) ______________________ provides instructions for the computer.
There are 2 different types of software: system and application.
(D) ____________________ software is the operating system that runs your computer.
Our system software is (E) ________________. (F) _________________ software is
used for a specific purpose such as creating text documents, worksheets, or graphics.
These are examples of application software:
(G) _________________________________________________________________
Storage Devices
These are examples of storage devices:
Type
How much info does it
hold?
Largest
Smallest
Can we use the device in
this lab?
Name: _______________________________
Period: ___________
Desktop Identification
The (A) _______________________ appears when the computer is turned on.
There are 4 main elements on the desktop:
1. (B) _______________________ picture or color that covers the work area. In
room 96 it is the color (C) ____________________.
2. Small graphic symbols called (D) __________________. These are shortcuts to
open a program.
3. The (F) ______________________, which displays a button for each open
application.
4. The (G) __________________________, which opens the Start menu.
H
K
J
H) __________
I
I) __________
J) ___________
K)_____________
Name: _______________________________
Period: ___________
Ergonomics
Using the computer properly to avoid injury is called (A) _________________________.
When you sit at the computer you should ask yourself:
1. Are my ________________ flat on the floor?
2. Are my neck & ______________ & shoulders in line with my body and facing my
computer?
3. Are my arms and ________________ relaxed next to my body?
4. Are my forearms, wrists, & ____________ straight in line with the keyboard?
5. Is the ________________ at eye level?
6. Is my __________________ next to my keyboard and within easy reach?
7. Am I sitting straight with my back against my ______________?
Files & Folders
A (A) ____________________ is a document you create on your computer. You can
save your file to a flash drive, CD, or on your computer’s hard drive or network server.
In room 96 you will save your files to the (B) _________________, which is on a
network server.
You can put your files in a (C) _______________ to keep them organized.
Analogy:
=
Sheet of Paper
=
Manila Folder
=
File Cabinet
Name: _______________________________
Period: ___________
Windows, Menu, & Toolbars
The (A) _____________________ shows the name of the window.
The (B) _____________________ button hides the window.
The (C) _____________________ button sizes the window to cover the entire desktop.
The (D) _____________________ button sizes the window smaller.
The (E) _____________________ button closes the window.
J
G
H
I
L
K
N
M
F
Name: _______________________________
F) _____________________________
G) _____________________________
H) _____________________________
I) ______________________________
J) _____________________________
K) _____________________________
L) _____________________________
M) _____________________________
N) _____________________________
Period: ___________
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