Chapter 6 Student rights start with the assumption that any search is an invasion of privacy. However, these rights protect students from only unreasonable searches. Students do not enjoy the same Fourth Amendment rights inside the schoolhouse as they do outside. New Jersey v. TLO(1985) – Landmark Supreme Court Case Court concluded that unreasonable searches and seizures applies to searches conducted by public school officials. Court concluded, however, that this search was not unreasonable. Court held that school officials need not obtain a warrant before searching a student in their authority. Court also freed school officials from the probable cause standard of law enforcement and instead found that the legality of the search should depend on reasonableness under the circumstances. “Reasonableness” guidelines - The search should be justified at inception - The search should be reasonably related in scope to the reason for the search. - The search should be reasonably related to the objective of the search. - The search should not be excessively intrusive in light of the age and sex of the student and the nature of the infraction. Reasonable suspicion is not required in emergency situations. Field trips and overnight stays – same rules at school apply. Student lockers – property of the school and there is a lower expectation of privacy. Metal Detectors – courts have supported the use of. Drug Dogs – can sniff lockers, cars, and property, but not individual students. Automobile Searches – reasonable searches and random sweeps upheld(case pg. 131). Law Enforcement – courts usually support if working in support of school officials(case pg. 133) Intrusive Searches – strip searches for relatively minor offenses are difficult to defend. Random drug testing supported Random Classroom Searches – generally supported. Mass Searches – questionable.