A time for… Propaganda • Radio • FDR • “This is War” series • Posters • Liberty Bonds A time for… shutting up! • Espionage Act of 1917 (amended in 1918) • Ban newspapers critical of the official line • Censor the content of press reports and radio broadcasts • Censored personal mail entering or leaving the country. Posters A time for… rationing • Not voluntary • Gasoline • One of three gasoline ration cards, A, B, or C. • A card, the most generous allotment, might go to someone who worked in a defense industry • Everything else • meat, sugar, eggs , shoes Posters A time for … cartoons • Dr. Seuss Sgt. Bill Mauldin • Used his artistry to bring humor to war time situations. “Willie and Joe” A time for… • African American pilots • TUSKEGEE AIRMEN • fighter pilots for the famous 99th Fighter Squadron • achievements • men and women who supported them • paved the way for full integration of the U.S. military Beat the Axis first! • Germany posed a greater threat • Time to make a bomb • Ties to England Air raids • Objectives • Bring the war to the German people • Against industrial plants and military installations • Everyone in Europe • Alarm systems • Bomb shelters were installed • DARK OUT was ordered Africa? • 1940-Italy advanced into Egypt • HELP! • Rommell to the rescue USA IN AFRICA! • Why? • Suez Canal • Middle Eastern OIL! Casablanca Meeting January 1943 • FDR and Churchill (Stalin declined the invite) • Unconditional surrender • Enter Italy by way of Sicily • Two disassociated French leaders, Henri Giraud and Charles de Gaulle, were brought together. Kasserine Pass • Feb, 1943 • First large scale meeting of American and German forces in WWII • Green and untested American troops suffered heavy casualties and were pushed back over fifty miles from their original positions west But we pull it out! • IKE in charge • Failed at first • bitter lessons about the inadequacy of its training, equipment, and leadership in the North African campaign.