IN - DEPTH SURVEYS IN THE AGRICULTURAL CENSUS PROGRAM FIJI ISLANDS EXPERIENCE INTRODUCTION • An Agriculture Sector Study (1995) conducted by ADB revealed the importance of generating up to date data on primary production sectors for planning sustainable development programs • Fiji Govt made budgetary provision in 1997 to establish and maintain reliable and timely agricultural statistics information system • 1998 FAO TCP program “ Development of an Agricultural Statistics System” IN DEPTH SURVEYS; FIJI EXPERIENCE • Conducted the first agriculture survey in 1999 as part of FAO TCP assistance • Objectives: Identify priority data needs and draw up a plan for the development of agriculture statistics Develop sustainable methodology for field level data collection and create a capacity within the ministry to introduce and maintain the system and to process & analyse resultant data Generate increased awareness on the use of agricultural data for planning; policy and decision making purposes 1999 NATIONAL AGRICULTURE SURVEY [Production] • Scope: Based on WCA Publication • Farm on enumeration day: (identification, total land, land use, type i.e. subsistence commercial, others) • Farmer on enumeration day: (identification, sex, age, education) • Temporary Crops in pure, mixed and inter planted stands in 1999: (planted, irrigated and harvested areas; production and yields) • Permanent Crops in pure, mixed, inter planted and associated stands:( planted, irrigated, and productive age, area on enumeration day, productions and yields in 1999) • Livestock and Poultry on enumeration day: (no. of cattles by sex, age and use (dairy, beef, non-dairy, non-beef), milk production (on the last day), other livestock (goats, sheep, pigs) by sex and age, commercial and home poultry 1999 AGRI SURVEY - [Cont’d] • Pilot Survey conducted in 1998: • Sub sample of 75 segments selected from 1991 census frame • Experiences were used to adjust methodologies, data collection instruments and other procedures to prepare for the 1999 survey 1999 AGRICULTURE SURVEY • ASF Updating: (updated the 1991 census frame according to changes in land use) • Methodology: Introduction of MSF [Combination of Area & List Frame] • Sub sample design and selection from ASF: (200 SMs selected from 1991 Census . Financial resources available, management capabilities of national counterpart and processing, analysis and precision required for estimations) • Sample design and selection of LSF: (Cut off of 50ha) • Photography and Cartography: (same 200 photos used in 1991 census scale 1:4000, 1: 6000 and 1: 10000 including topo maps) 1999 AGRI SURVEY – [Cont’d] • Questionnaires, Instruction Manuals & Tabulation Plan: (Main Quest & auxiliary segment questionnaire used, field manual, coding and data entry manual and consistency manuals, Tabulation plan consisting of 27 tables ) • Training: (MSF Construction, Enumerator training, data coding & entry including consistency analysis) • Database: SPSS (Data Entry Builder and Data Entry Station) • Results: National Basis only [small sample selected] RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 1999 SURVEY • Conduct the second round of the survey be conducted in 2000 using the same sample. • 2000 survey to be simple as possible using the same sub sample, questionnaires and other instruments used in 1999 project • Rotational sampling technique to be used after the second round of survey. PROBLEMS/CONSTRAINTS • Concept of MSF was new to local staff • LSF has weaknesses in terms of low coverage rate • Financial constraints and political situation of the country affected the continuity of this agriculture survey • Our Data Processing Expert [Fiji Govt funded] left the project with everything so we could not continue !!!!!