Structure of Matter Quiz Miss Krieger Please select #1 if true, and #2 if false on the scantron. 1. Protons and neutrons make up the nucleus of an atom. 2. Electrons have a positive charge. 3. Electrons orbit around the nucleus in energy shells called satellites. 4. The valence shell is the closest energy level to the nucleus. 5. The k shell can hold up to 2 electrons. 6. The l shell can hold up to 18 electrons. 7. The atomic number is equal to the amount of neutrons in an atom. 8. The atomic mass is equal to the number of electrons. 9. The periodic table is a chart of all the molecules in the universe 10. An element is made up of only 1 type of atom. 11. A molecule has more than 1 type of different atoms. 12. Most of the elements that exist in the natural world are solids. 13. There are only 2 elements that are naturally occurring in a liquid state. 14. H2O is a molecule. 15. C is an element. 16. Einstein was the scientist that developed the periodic table. 17. In an atom, the number of protons usually equals the number of electrons. 18. The horizontal rows of elements on the periodic table are called families. 19. The vertical groups of elements on the periodic table are called periods. 20. A molecule is the basic building block of the universe. 21.The atomic number of Carbon is 6. 22. The element symbol for neon is Ne. 23. The Atomic mass of Hydrogen is 1 a.m.u. 24. The atomic number of Barium is 55. 25. Na is the symbol for nickel. 26. The atomic number of Aluminum is 13. 27. There are 5 neutrons in Beryllium. 28. The atomic mass of Potassium is 39. 29. The symbol for lead is Pb. 30. There are 11 protons and 11 electrons in the element Sodium.