Female Anatomy 1

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Female Anatomy
1
Vulva
2
Vulva
3
Vulva
4
Vulva
5
Vulva
6
Female Genital Exam
Use a hand mirror to look at your genitals
 Identify the various parts
 Look for any unusual bumps or coloring
 Think about your feelings regarding your
genital anatomy.
 Do it on a regular basis

7
Vulva
External genitals
 Mon veneris
 Labia majora and minora
 Clitoris

8
Clitoris
9
Clitoris
Homologus to penis
 Same # of nerve endings as the head of
penis
 Only purpose is sexual arousal
 Most common method of self stimulation &
orgasm

10
Underlying structures
11
Clitoris photo
12
Underlying structures
Vestibular bulbs
 Bartholin’s glans

13
Pelvic floor muscles
14
Kegel Exercises
Urinary control after childbirth
 Increases genital sensitivity
 Increases sensation during intercourse
 Technique of doing exercises

15
Internal structures (summary)
Vagina
 Vasocongestion = lubrication
 Grafenberg (G) spot
 Cervix
 Uterus
 Ovaries

16
Vagina, Uterus, Ovaries
17
Uterus & Ovaries
18
Vagina
Vaginal opening has highest concentration
of vaginal musculature
 Inner 2/3 = fewest nerve endings

 Changes
during intercourse
 Orgasmic
platform
19
Vaginal lubrication
The first sign of sexual arousal
 Occurs within 10 – 30 seconds after
effective physical or psychological
stimulation
 Seeps through the vaginal walls as
vasocongestion occurs.

20
Other vaginal lubrication
Saliva
 Water-based lubricant
 Lubricated condoms
 Not Vaseline

21
Chronic vaginitis

Due to
 Birth
control pills
 Antibiotic medication
22
Bartholin’s glands
Located on either side of the vaginal
opening
 Produces fluid
 Function unknown

 Possibly
to lubricate entrance to vagina
23
Hymen
Use is largely unknown
 Types
 Imperforate hymen

24
Female Anatomy (Cont.)
25
Grafenberg (G) spot

Location
 http://mama.indstate.edu/users/nizrael/grafenberg.
html
Female counterpart to male prostate gland
 Female ejaculation

26
Cervix

Cervical cancer - increases risk due to
 Genital
warts
 Having several male sexual partners
 First intercourse at an early age
 Cigarette smoke
27
Uterus

Endometrioses
 Cells
from
uterine lining
implant in
abdominal cavity
28
Ovaries

40,000 to 400,000 innature ova at birth
 300
- 450 mature in a woman’s lifetime
Ovaries are endocrine glands
 Produce sex hormones

 Estrogen
and progesterone
29
Fallopian tubes
30
After release from ovary, eggs
viable for 24-48 hours for
fertilization
31
Breasts
32
Breasts

Size



Fatty tissue determines size
Unrelated to milk or sensitivity
Preoccupation with size

Surgical alternatives

Enlargement


Reduction


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Silicon Gel Breast Implants
34
Breast exams

Self-exam
 Does

Mammogram = better
 Not

not reduce fatalities
recommended for women under 40
MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) =
Best
35
Mammogram
36
Menstruation

Menarche
 Onset

= 11 - 15 years
Menstrual synchrony
 Women
living together develop similar cycles
37
Menstrual synchrony
Synchronized menstration
 Apparently based on the sense of smell

38
Menopause

Permanent cessation of menstruation
 Hormone replacement therapy

Benefits

Protects against




Osteoporoses
Cardiovascular disease
Loss of vaginal lubrication
 KY
Risks


May increase estrogen dependent breast cancer
Endometrial cancer
39
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