Name: _________________________ (Please write in ink) Exam #4 Concepts-Soc.110 Chapter 18 – Family 1. Please define these concepts: Nuclear family Extended family Conjugal family Endogamy Exogamy Polygamy Polyandry Polygyny Empty nest family The sandwich generation 2. How are children seen economically in high income VS. low income countries? 3. What is the most difficult transition in married life? 4. Explain the major reasons for the rise in the divorce rate in the U.S.. 5. Which categories of people has the highest divorce rate? 6. What is generally common in the history of most child abusers? 7. Jack and Jill are moving in together. What effect will this have on their chances of getting married? 8. What trends are suggesting the traditional family is eroding? Name: _________________________ (Please write in ink) Chapter 20 - Education 1. What is the primary factor determining who gets into college in Japan, as opposed to the Unites States? 2. What is the main focus of education in the U.S.? 3. Discuss the latent and manifest functions of education. 4. Explain the concepts of: Tracking Functional illiteracy Magnet schools 5. What is the relationship between income and college attendance? 6. Discuss why community colleges are an important part of higher education in the U.S.. 7. What is the effect of additional schooling on personal income? 8. Explain how a rigid bureaucracy can harm schooling. 9. What were the recommendations from “A Nation At Risk” for producing a better educational system? 10. Explain the rationale behind the school choice movement. Name: _________________________ (Please write in ink) Chapter 21 – Health and Medicine 1. What share of the US. Is overweight? 2. As technology reduces infectious diseases in poor countries, what is the effect of population? 3. What three factors are Americans most apt. to die from? 4. What is social epidemiology? 5. What are young Americans most apt. to die from? 6. What is the relationship between gender and health? 7. What is the greatest preventable cause of death in the US? 8. What sexually transmitted disease infects about one in five adults? 9. If I wanted to study AIDS, where would I find the most severe epidemic of AIDS? 10. What activities would place you most at risk for HIV infection? 11. Explain the concept of euthanasia. 12. How can the current research on human genetics effect our health care system? Name: _________________________ (Please write in ink) Chapter 22 – Population 1. The current world population is about? 2. Please explain the following concepts. Demography Fertility Fecundity Crude birth rate 3. What is the relationship between a country’s income and the crude birth rate? 4. What is the relationship between the average income level and the population increase? 5. If a country such as India has a sex ratio of 106, what does this tell us about their desire for sons or daughters? 6. Why did families have many children throughout most of human history? 7. Please explain the Malthusian theory. 9. What is “zero population growth”?