20. Two categories of software are _____.

20. Two categories of software are _____.
a. operating system and system software
b. system software and utility programs
c. utility programs and operating systems
d. system software and application software
Some people refer to the series of input, process, output, and storage activities as the ____ processing
a. data
c. output
b. input
d. information
19. You interact with a program through its _____, which controls how you enter data and instructions
and how information is displayed on the screen.
a. operating system
c. user interface
b. storage
d. icon
When computer users ____ a document, they enter text or numbers, insert graphical images, and perform
other tasks using an input device.
a. create
c. print
b. format
d. save
(ch 3 #19)
When computer users ____ a document, the computer transfers the document from memory to a storage
a. save
c. format
b. edit
d. print
(ch3 #24)
18.Memory stores ____.
a. the operating system and other system software
b. application programs that carry out a specific task
c. the data being processed and the resulting information
d. all of the above
(ch 4 #18)
23.____ is the most common type of volatile memory.
a. ROM
b. Flash memory
d. RAM
(ch 4)
1.A program is _____.
a. a collection of unprocessed text, numbers, images, audio, and video
b. a series of instructions that tells a computer what to do and how to do it
c. an instruction issued by replying to a question that is displayed
d. an instruction that causes a single specific action to be performed
(ch 5)
52.____ is any data and instructions entered into the memory of a computer.
a. Input
c. Output
b. Throughput
d. Volume
(ch 5)
1.To start up, a computer locates ____.
a. application software in storage and loads it into memory
b. application software in memory and loads it onto storage
c. an operating system in storage and loads it into memory
d. an operating system in memory and loads it onto storage
(ch 7)
44.All of the following use direct access except ____.
a. CDs
c. tape
b. DVDs
d. hard disks
(ch 7)
.____ time measures the amount of time it takes a storage device to locate an item on a storage medium.
a. Transfer
c. Access
b. Location
d. Device
(ch 7)
1.Two types of system software are ____.
a. application software and utility programs
b. Web browsers and application software
c. operating systems and utility programs
d. operating systems and Web browsers
(ch 8)
12.With a ____, users interact with menus and visual images such as icons, buttons, and other objects to
issue commands.
a. command-line interface
c. performance-monitor interface
b. menu-driven interface
d. graphical user interface (GUI)
(ch 8)
3.A type of communications device that connects a communications channel to a sending or receiving
device is a ____.
a. modem
c. PDA
b. server
d. all of the above
(ch 9)
14.A ____ is a network that connects computers and devices in a limited geographical area, such as a
home, school computer laboratory, or office building.
a. local area network (LAN)
c. wide area network (WAN)
b. metropolitan area network (MAN)
d. variable area network (VAN)
(ch 9)
1.____ is a computer phrase that points out the accuracy of a computer’s output depends on the accuracy
of its input.
a. Nothing ventured, nothing gained (NVNG)
b. Bad data, bad info (BDBI)
c. Garbage in, garbage out (GIGO)
d. What you see is what you get (WYSIWYG)
(ch 10)
9.A database contains files, a file contains ____.
a. characters, a character contains fields, and a field is made up of records
b. fields, a field contains characters, and a character is made up of records
c. records, a record contains characters, and a character is made up of fields
d. records, a record contains fields, and a field is made up of characters
(ch 10)
2.Job opportunities in the computer field generally fall into these areas: ____.
a. general business and government organizations and the computer service and repair field
b. the computer equipment field, the computer software field, and computer sales
c. the computer education and training field and the IT consulting field
d. all of the above
(ch 15)
1.Application software is used to ____.
a. facilitate communications
b. assist with graphics and multimedia projects
c. support home, personal, and educational tasks
d. all of the above
(ch 3)
28.Using the ____ =SUM(B10:B14) totals the contents of cells B10 through B14 in a worksheet.
a. label
c. index
b. value
d. function
(ch 3)
33. In a database, each row, called a ____, contains data about a given person, product, object, or
a. record
c. form
b. cell
d. field
(ch 3)