ITSC 1301 Introduction to Computers Exam #1 Review Questions Chapter 1, History, and Chapter 2 There will be a total of 50 questions (true / false and multiple choice) on the exam. You will need a scantron and a pencil with you to take the test. 1. What does it mean to be computer literate? 2. What is a computer? 3. What is the difference in data and information? 4. What is hardware and software? 5. What is the Information Processing Cycle? 6. What are the 5 basic types of hardware components in a computer system? 7. Know the difference in how memory and storage work with and retain information. 8. What is a motherboard? What are the functions of the 2 main components on the motherboard? 9. Know examples of input and output devices. 10. What 5 characteristics of a computer makes it so powerful? 11. What is the significance of the phrase “Garbage In, Garbage Out” (GIGO)? 12. What is another name for Software? What are the 2 major types of software? 13. What would you use the following types popular software for? word processing, spreadsheets, database, and presentation graphics 14. What is the purpose of System software? What are the 2 main types of system software? 15. What is a User Interface? What is GUI? 16. What is Packaged Software, Custom Software, Freeware, Public-Domain Software, and Shareware? 17. What are some of the responsibilities of a computer programmer and systems analyst? 18. What is a Network? What is a LAN? What is a WAN? What does it mean to be Online? What advantage does a network offer to users? What is the World’s largest network? 19. What are the 6 major categories of computers and characteristics of each? 20. What 5 elements make up an Information System? 21. What are 5 different categories of computer users? What type of computer is usually associated with each type of user? 22. What is telecommuting? 23. What is the significance of the computer that Atanasoff and Berry built? 24. What is the significance of Mauchly and Eckert's machine, the ENIAC? 25. Who had the programming breakthrough idea called the stored program concept? 26. What was the first commercially available electronic digital computer, and who was responsible for introducing it to the public? 27. What are the major components used as the basis for each of the 4 computer generations? 28. What business programming language is associated with Dr. Grace Hopper? 29. Who developed the microprocessor chip? 30. What significance did the VISICALC software program have? 31. Who wrote the operating system for IBM's first PCs? 32. What is a Web Browser and the names of two widely used browsers? 33. What company introduced the first graphical user interface (GUI)? 34. What was the concern of the Y2K Bug associated with? 35. Who is in control of the Internet? 36. How can a connection to the Internet be established? 37. What is a home page? downloading? upload? a URL? a search engine? a hyperlink? 38. What are some of the responsibilities of a Webmaster? 39. Be familiar with the codes of Netiquette. 40. What is e-mail? 41. What affect has e-commerce had on society’s methods of conducting business? What are the 3 types of e-commerce? 42. What affect has multimedia had on the Web? How did the Internet get started? What is an ISP? a domain name?