AP World History Chapter 34 Study Guide Name: ________________________________ Per.: _________ Important Terms, People, and Ideas Absolutism Ahimsa Anti-Semitism Bauhaus Bolshevik Collectivization Communism Conservatism Eugenics Fascism Five-year plans Great Purge Guomindang Harijans India Act Islam Keynesianism Kristallnacht Kulaks Lebensraum Long March May Fourth Movement New Deal New Economic Policy (NEP) Nuremburg Laws Paris Peace Accords Planned Scarcity Psychoanalytic Theory Satyagraha Smoot-Hawley Tariff Soviets Theory of Relativity Uncertainty Principle Urdu War Communism Weimar Republic Study Questions 1. What are some indications of the "postwar pessimism" of the 1920s? Why did liberal values such as progress and democracy fall under attack at this time? 2. What were some of the economic problems facing the world powers in the 1920s? Specifically, what factors led to the crash of 1929 and the depression that followed? 3. What are some examples of "economic nationalism"? How effective were these measures? 4. What was the impact of the depression on social attitudes? On women and families? 5. What did John Maynard Keynes recommend as a solution to the economic crisis? How did the New Deal of President Roosevelt exemplify this solution? 6. How did Lenin and the Bolsheviks secure their power in Russia? How did Stalin secure his power within the party and within the Soviet Union? AP World History Chapter 34 Study Guide Name: ________________________________ Per.: _________ 7. What are the defining characteristics of fascism in both Italy and Germany? Consider the organizational structure and symbols that each adopted. To whom did this message appeal? 8. Compare the rise to power and consolidation of power by Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler. 9. What was the social vision of the Nazis? What attitudes are expressed in the passage from Mein Kampf on page 998? How did this vision impact women, families, and minorities? Inquiry Questions 10. Explain how new discoveries in physics and psychology undermined earlier ideas about reality and knowledge. Why were these new ideas so unsettling? How were these ideas represented in western art between the wars? 11. Describe and analyze the experience of the Great Depression between the industrial nations and the primary producing nations. What parts of the world were most affected and what parts were least affected? What would be the economic explanation for this difference? 12. Compare the economic strategies embedded in Lenin's war communism, his New Economic Policy, and Stalin's Five-Year Plan. What were the aims of each program? Which was most effective?