Outcomes of the War Explain the causes of WWI and How it caused the war. Outcomes of the War 14 Points – This is Wilson’s plan for peace. With these points, war can be avoided in the future. Self determination is a main point. Let the people pick who will rule them. League of Nations – This will mediate problems in the future. Three of the Big Four hated these ideas. Clemenseau, Orlando, George, & Wilson Treaty of Versailles – Run by the Big Four Germany takes responsibility for the war and owes $269 billion gold marks German army and navy are reduced in size. Land was taken from Germany and Austria. Map of Europe was redrawn with new “ethnic countries”. All of this makes Germany very mad. They will get their revenge in about 20 years. Great Migration – African Americans leave the South to find work in the north. WWI needed plenty of supplies for the doughboys. The factories to make these supplies were in the North. With all the job opportunities, the Southern blacks migrate to the North where there are many more jobs for them. They were treated just as bad in the North as they were in the South. Xenophobia The Fear of Foreigners RED SCARE – Came about because of the rise of Communism in Eastern Europe. Bolsheviks or Communists were known as Reds. Communist and Socialists political parties were all over the country. Palmer Raids – The U.S. Attorney decided to go after the foreigners that were causing problems in the country. He sent out U.S. Marshals to round up and deport these radicals causing problems. Strikes – Workers across the country listened to the Socialist ideas. Strikes were called for to improve the working conditions. Seattle – A general strike shut down the city. Nothing was gained from the strike. Many businesses stayed away from Seattle for fear of another shut down. Boston – Police went on strike for more pay and better working conditions. Gov. Coolidge called in the National Guard to end the strike. The steel and coal industries also had strikes at this time. National Origins Act – 2% of a countries population is allowed to immigrate into the U.S. Sacco and Vanzetti This is the best example of the Red Scare. 1. They were charged with robbery and murder. 2. Both were Italian and admitted anarchists. 3. Even with weak evidence in the trial, they were convicted and executed. 4. Most agree they were convicted because of their political beliefs. Ku Klux Klan – Native White Protestant Supremacy In the 1920’s they expanded the base of hate. On top of their dislike of African Americans they now also hated Jews, Catholics, and Asians. The KKK also moved from the South to all parts of the country during this era. Marcus Garvey – He had a unique way to deal with the KKK. He wanted all African Americans to move back to Africa. The movement never caught on.