# LOYOLA COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS), CHENNAI – 600 034 ```LOYOLA COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS), CHENNAI – 600 034
B.Sc. DEGREE EXAMINATION – MATHEMATICS
FOURTH SEMESTER – APRIL 2008
MT 4502 / 4500 - MODERN ALGEBRA
Date : 26/04/2008
Time : 9:00 - 12:00
Dept. No.
XZ 13
Max. : 100 Marks
PART – A
1. Define an equivalence relation on a set.
2. Define a binary operation on a set.
3. Define a cyclic group.
4. Define a quotient group of a group.
5. Define an isomorphism.
6. Define a permutation group.
7. Define a division ring.
8. Define a field.
9. Define an integral domain.
10. What is a Gaussian integer?
(10 x 2 = 20)
PART – B
(5 x 8 = 40)
11. If G is a group, then prove that
(i)
for every a  G, (a 1 ) 1  a
(ii)
for all a, b  G, (ab) 1  b 1 a 1
12. Prove that anon – empty subset H of a group G is a subgroup of G if and only if
(i) a, b  H  ab  H
(ii) a  H  a 1  H
13. If H is a subgroup of a group G, then prove that any two left Cosets of H in G either are
identical or have no element in common.
14. If H is a subgroup of index 2 in a group G, prove that H is a normal subgroup.
15. If f is a homomorphism of a group G into a group G 1 , prove that
(i) f (e)  e1 , the identity element of G1
(ii) f (a 1 )  [ f (a)] 1 for all a  G
16. Show that the additive group G of integers is isomorphic to the multiplicative group
G 1  {...,3 2 ,3 1 ,30 ,31 ,3 2 ,33 ,.....}
17. Prove that the intersection of two subrings of a ring R is a subring of R.
18. Find all the units in Z(i).
PART – C