# Math 346/646 - Homework 3 Assigned: 9/3.

Math 346/646 - Homework 3
Assigned: 9/3.
Due: 9/10 at the start of class.
Notation: Exercise a.b stands for exercise b in Chapter a of Silverman and Tate. Note that the
exercises are all together at the end of the chapter. A problem marked with a ∗ is a challenge
problem.
Problems:
1. Let G = {r ∈ R : r 6= −1}. Define a new binary operation on G by x ∗ y = x + y + xy. (For
example, 3 ∗ 4 = 19.)
(a) Prove that ∗ makes G into a group.
(b) Let R&times; be the group of nonzero real numbers under multiplication. Show that the function
φ : G → R&times; defined by φ(r) = r + 1 is an isomorphism.
2. Exercise A.1 from the textbook.
3. ∗ Let y 2 = x3 + Ax + B be an elliptic and assume that the cubic x3 + Ax + B has three
distinct real roots: r1 &lt; r2 &lt; r3 . Let G = E(R) and let H = {(x, y) ∈ E(R) : x ≥ r3 } together
with the point at infinity. Prove that H is a subgroup of G. (You may assume that G is a
group. Hint: The other part of E(R) is K = {(x, y) ∈ E(R) : r1 ≤ x ≤ r2 }. Could a line
intersect K in exactly one point, if it wasn’t tangent at that point?)
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