World War One Guided Notes

advertisement

Name:_________________ Class Period:____________

World War One

Tension In Europe

After ___________________ was defeated, it was almost 100 years before Europe saw another major war. __________________ grew throughout the continent as a result of: ______________________, Expanding Empires, ____________________________, Alliances

Nationalism

A feeling of nationalism (feeling of __________________ towards one’s ________________) spread through Europe and caused _____________________. Nationalism lead to the birth of new countries, such as ___________________ and Italy. Nationalism also _________________ to break apart countries as some people wanted to _____________________.

Empires

Countries in _________________ also wanted to expand their empires and form new _________________, but space throughout the world was _______________________. Competition for natural resources, _____________________, wealth and ______________________ often lead to ___________________.

Military Buildup

As nations _____________________ to expand their _____________________ and form colonies, they also increased their military power. Many were caught up in the idea of ______________________- the fascination with __________ and the military. Countries started using _________________________- requiring ____________________ to serve in the ____________________, to build up their forces.

Alliances

As militarism grew, nations starting forming ______________________- an agreement between _____________________ to help each other in the event of ____________. Europe’s alliances created a very _______________________ situation as an attack on one country could result in_________________ countries becoming _____________________.

Forming Alliances

By 1914, two major alliances had formed. The ___________________________- Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. The _________________________ Great Britain, France, and Russia _______________- understanding among nations

The Balkan Peninsula

In the early 1900s the _____________________________ was an area full of great __________________. Result of the ______________________________ and Austro-Hungarian Empires rule. As nationalism spread, groups within these empires wanted _____________________________.

South Slavs

One group _____________________ for their independence were the __________________. Included the Serbs,

_______________________, Croats and Slovenes. They were the first to ______________ their independence and formed _____________________. Believed their mission was to __________ the South Slavs.

Bosnia

When _______________________ took over Bosnia, the Serbs became _________________; they wanted Bosnia to become part of _____________________. Serbia had Russia support to prepare for________, but Russia backed down when ____________________ threatened to get involved. Although __________ backed down, they refused to be ___________________ by Aust-Hung. and Germany. This led to even more _______________ in Europe.

Archduke Franz Ferdinand

While visiting ________________________, Archduke Franz Ferdinand (heir to the Aust-Hung. _________) was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip. Princip was a member of the group ______________________. Wanted the Bosnian Serbs to be ______________by Serbia, not ______________________.

War Begins

Aust-Hung. blamed the __________________________ government for the archduke’s ______________ and __________________________ on Serbia. Russia, who was in an _____________________ with Serbia, began ______________________- assembly and _______________________ of troops. This showed Russia’s willingness ________________________ to protect Serbia.

Mobilization

Russia’s ___________________ of troops was seen as a ____________________________ and caused other nations to respond. ____________________ showed its support of Aust-Hung. by declaring war on ________________. France joined its ally Russia. Germany planned to attack ____________ by going through Belgium. Belgium wanted to say ____________ so Great Britain _______________ on Germany to help Belgium.

Alliances

Ally groups formed as the _______________broke out in 1914. France, ______________________, Russia and Italy became known as the __________________. Aust-Hung, Germany, the _____________________, and Bulgaria became known as the ____________________________.

The Western Front

Most fighting took place on the ____________________, between France and Germany. France and _________________ were able to hold Germany and for _________________ the battle lines did not move.

Trenches

Both sides used ______________________, digging themselves into the ____________________________. Trenches were surrounded ____________________ at the top. To get to the _______________ side soldiers would have to ______________________ out of the trench and cross an open filed where they faced ___________________ and artillery. Hundreds of thousands ________________ in major battles.

New Weapons

WWI was also called the ______________________, and was very different than previous wars. New, more powerful ___________________. Machine guns, artillery guns, _________________, tanks and _______________________, submarines and ____________________.

Civilians and War

For the first time ever, __________________ played a major role in war. ____________________. Because soldiers needed so many __________________, governments decided what civilians could buy and sell. Used _______________- a system of _____________________ the amount of foods and _________________in use. Controlled trade and took over _______________________________.

Propaganda

The government also tried to control ___________________ with the use of propaganda. ______________- biased government ___________________ information to shape people’s ___________________. Governments also controlled what was ______________________________ and even stopped publication.

America and WWI

When WWI started, __________________________ declared the US to be _____________, although many Americans had __________________. Many of Wilson’s advisors back _________________ and supported the _______________. US gave several loans to the Allies. US also sent ________________, food and equipment to the __________________. The US did not give as much to _____________________.

Submarine Warfare

Britain used their ____________ to create a ____________________- use of warships to _________ goods and people from _______________________ an area, against Germany. This angered the Germans and they warned that they would use their __________________to sink any ship sailing in the _________ around _______________________.

The Lusitania

A British passenger ship called the ____________________ entered the war zone waters and was fired upon by a German ______________________. Killed almost __________________________ including 128 __________________________. This angered the Americans and caused Germany to worry that the US would join the ___________________. Germany promised to give _______________ a warning before ___________________ them.

Zimmerman Telegram

In January of 1917, the German official __________________________, sent a telegraph to the ambassador to ___________________. Said that if the USA joins the war Mexico should align with ____________________. In return, Mexico would regain ___________________ lost (TX, AZ, NM). Telegram was _____________ by the British and angered many __________________, who demanded going to war with _______________________.

US Declares War

Germany began ___________________ again without warning. Knew this would provoke the ______ into going to war.

Did not believe the US could __________________ quickly enough and started sinking US __________________ships. April 6, 1917 President Wilson asked congress for a Declaration of ________.

Turning Point

By 1917 neither side gained _______________ in WWI. The arrival of _____________________ marked a turning point in the war. Troops were sent by the ________________ and this greatly improved the Allies’ ________. Nov 1917, Russian troops ___________________ of the war.

Germany Fails

German troops suffered major __________________ at the Battle of _____________________. The Aust-Hung empire was in chaos and surrendered. Faced with a possible ______________________ in Berlin, Germany stepped down and signed an ____________________, cease fire, that ended the ____________________.

Treaty of Versailles

Jan 1919, talks began in ______________________. President Wilson presented a plan called the __________________. National groups in _____________________ should create their own countries. Formed the __________________ which member nations would work together to ____________________________.

Treaty of Versailles

Germany was stripped of its ______________________. Had to pay _________________________- payments made to the ________________ of a war by the losing country to _____________________. US congress voted twice ____________ joining the League of Nations; formed ___________________ the US.

New Nations in Europe

The war and treaties redrew the map of ___________________. Germany and Russia lost territory. Astr-Hung empire developed into: Finland, _________________, Estonia, Poland, __________________, Czechoslovakia

New Nations

Romania gained territory from ________________, Hungary and Bulgaria. Serbia became the center of a new state called _________________________. Nationalism was very successful in ____________________, however, in eastern Europe several groups were still together and this caused a great amount of ________________________. WWI Vocabulary Words

Militarism Conscription Alliances Mobilization Propaganda Reparations Entente Rationing Armistice Blockade

Download