1. Basic Word Structure THE FIRST LECTURE….. Word Analysis Steps of Analyzing Medical Terms : *when you analyze a medical term , begin at the end of the word . Which is called Suffix . e.g The term HEMATOLOGY Is divided into three parts HEMAT / O / LOGY . 1. The Suffix is Logy which means study of . Then Look at the beginning of the term which is called the Root of the word , the root in previous example is HEMAT means BLOOD. 2.The root : gives the essential meaning of the term . 3.Combining Vowel : Is a connector between the root and the suffix . ( has no meaning ) The combining vowel in the previous example is O . Now The meaning of suffix , combining vowel , and root all together of the term HEMATOLOGY means study of the blood . A term with more two Roots and Combining vowels *Another example of the Medical terms is ELECTROCARDIOGRAM ( ECG ) OR ( EKG) as abbreviation . *The term is divided as the following : ELECTR/O/CARDI/O/GRAM We start with The suffix at the end of the term . The Suffix GRAM means a record .then have a look at the beginning of the term ELECTR which is the first Root , and it means electricity . The second root is CARDI , means Heart . By reading the meaning of the medical terms from the Suffix , back to the beginning and then across . ELECTR/O/CARDI/O/GRAM means record the electricity in the heart . It’s the electrical current flowing within the heart that cause the heart muscle to contract Pumping blood throughout the body Heartbeat : The sound made by contraction and relaxation of the heart muscle .