Asia’s physical geography Southwest Asia Southwest Asia’s landforms • • • • • Fertile Crescent in Iraq Arabian Peninsula Zagros Mountains in Iran Hindu Kush in Afghanistan Sinai Peninsula west of Israel Southwest Asia’s bodies of water • • • • • • Euphrates River in Iraq Tigris River in Iraq Dead Sea in Israel Mediterranean Sea in the west Suez Canal Arabian Sea Southwest Asia 6 1 2 4 7 10 5 9 3 8 Southwest Asia’s climates SW Asia’s climates Desert Semi Desert Mediterranean Less than 10 inches of rain per year. 10-20 inches of rain per year. Hot, dry summers and Mild, rainy winters. Pictures of SW Asia Tigris River Dead Sea Euphrates River Pictures of SW Asia Pictures of SW Asia Suez Canal Pictures of SW Asia Hindu Kush SW Asia’s economy Jobs Schools Roads Oil High Standard Of Living Hospitals Large cities Oil production Oil Pictures SW Asia’s cultures • Home to 3 religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. • Jerusalem is a holy city for all 3 religions. • Islam is most wide-spread. • Makkah is the holiest city in Islam • Arabic is the most widely spoken language. • Hebrew is spoken in Israel. Read right to left. • Turkish is also spoken. • Constant wars and religious differences have plagued this region for centuries. • One of the oldest regions in the world. • Israel most industialized. SW Asia’s culture Makkah, Saudi Arabia Jerusalem, Israel SW Asia’s culture Wailing Wall-Jewish holy place. Church of the Holy Sepulcher Study Questions 1) 2) 3) 4) What is the area between the Tigris and Euphrates River called? What sea is directly west of SW Asia? What separates Asia from Egypt? What was built to help ship transport goods from the Red Sea to the Med Sea? 5) 6) 7) Name the lowest elevated place on earth. Describe the climates of SW Asia. Give 4 ways Saudi Arabia’s oil helps the people.