Name: Mrs. Rodgers T-Chart Notes Source 1 MLA Works Cited Page Citation (look at MLA Bibliographic Template handout): "The Story of an Hour." Short Stories for Students. Ed. Kathleen Wilson. Vol. 2. Detroit: Gale, 1997. 263-264. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 18 January 2012. Direct Evidence Author “Kate Chopin was born in St. Louis in 1851” (Wilson 263). “Five years after the publication of The Awakening, Chopin died of a stroke in St. Louis on August 22, 1904” (Wilson 264). “When Chopin was four, her father died in a train accident, and she was raised by her FrenchCreole mother and great-grandmother”(Wilson 264). Summary, Paraphrase, Commentary Birth and death dates- she died at age 53. This train accident might have given her the idea to write about Mr. Mallard’s train accident. “At seventeen, she graduated from the Academy of Sacred Heart. Two years later, in 1870, she married Oscar Chopin, a Louisiana businessman of French-Creole descent” (Wilson 263-264). She was only 19 when she got married. Maybe that is why she writes about feeling trapped by marriage. She never had a chance to live on her own. “In 1899, Chopin published The Awakening, now regarded as her masterpiece. The novel’s frank treatment of an independent woman who, after an extramarital affair and a sexual “awakening,” commits suicide rather than conform to society’s mores, provoked outrage among readers and critics”( Wilson 265). “The Story of an Hour” is also about a woman who wants to be independent from her husband. Chopin was obviously frustrated by the lack of opportunities for women during her time period. She was a feminist who created controversy before women’s rights were a political issue. Name: Mrs. Rodgers T-Chart Notes Source 1 MLA Works Cited Page Citation (look at MLA Bibliographic Template handout): "The Story of an Hour." Short Stories for Students. Ed. Kathleen Wilson. Vol. 2. Detroit: Gale, 1997. 264-267. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 19 January. 2012. Direct Evidence Summary, Paraphrase, Commentary Themes “Chopin suggests that Louise could not bear to abandon her newfound freedom and return to life with her husband, where she would be required to bend her will to his”(Wilson 265). The story is really about how she feels about her relationship to her husband. She feels trapped by her marriage. “Chopin seems to be making a comment on nineteenth-century marriages, which grated one person- the man- right to own and dominate another- the woman” (Wilson 266). Women were supposed to be mothers and wives, but not to have much control of their own lives. Chopin apparently did not like the role her society forced on her. The story suggests that women should want more freedom. “Mrs. Mallard is known in the beginning of the story only as a wife; very little is revealed concerning Mr. and Mrs. Mallard’s relationship” (Wilson 265). Characters “When Mrs. Mallard learns of her husband’s death, she becomes ‘Louise,’ a woman aware of her own desires, enjoying the prospect of being freed from the confines of marriage”(Wilson 265). “Her character represents feminine individuality; she is a strong-willed, independent woman excited by the prospect of beginning her life again after the reported demise of her husband” (Wilson 265). At the beginning of the story she is described as weak, but later in the story when she is called by her first name, Louise, she descends the stairs “like a goddess of Victory” (Chopin). The death of her husband gives her a new identity. Her first name is not mentioned until after her husband dies. She becomes an individual, not just her husband’s property. Women were not very independent during this time, so she was happy to get a chance at new life on her own.