Fossil Fuel Objective Sheet Name ________________________ These are the concepts you need to master for this unit. This is a study guide for quizzes and test. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Explain the concept of “environmental injustice” and give an example from the Houston area. Define environmental sustainability. Describe petroleum refining – what happens in a refining distillation column and what products are created? Explain the role of the Houston Ship Channel in our city. How is the energy industry important to the Houston area? 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Distinguish among primary, secondary, and tertiary oil recovery. Explain how geologists find oil and natural gas underground. What is “fracking” and how is it done? What are the advantages and disadvantages of fracking? How has fracking changed energy issues (including price and imports) in the United States? 11. Describe the carbon cycle. Know the reservoirs and processes involved in the cycle. (attach diagram) 12. Name three types of fossil fuels and explain how fossil fuels are formed. 13. What is the difference between renewable and non-renewable resources? Give examples of each. Why are fossil fuels considered to be nonrenewable? 14. What is the difference between energy and a fuel? 15. Why are hydrocarbons or fossil fuels such good energy sources? 16. Name air pollutants created by a refinery that are a problem in the Houston area. What are the effects of these pollutants on people? 17. Describe the air pollution issues near fracking operations. 18. Briefly summarize the effects of an oil spill. What happens to oil spilled in the ocean? 19. Describe the Macando BP oil spill and its effect in our area. 20. What is the source of most of the oil in the ocean and how does it get to the ocean? 21. Contrast potential and kinetic energy. Give examples of each type. 22. Explain the conservation of energy. What happens to energy as it changes form? 23. 24. 25. 26. Label a diagram of an electric power plant. Understand how electricity is produced. What power plant do we get energy from and where is it? What types of fuel are used at our power plant and how has the mix of fuels changed recently? Compare the types of air pollution created by burning natural gas and coal for electricity. 27. Be able to read an electric bill. On any bill, find the current balance owed, cost per kilowatt hour, and comparative consumption. 28. Explain at least five ways to save electricity in your own home. 29. On a map of the US, be able to show the location of major refineries, the Houston Ship Channel, and major oil production areas. Be able to show the major coal mining areas and know where Houston’s coal comes from. Wed Jan 14/Thursday Jan 15 Friday Jan 16 Watershed Test Interactive Notebook due Interactive notebook: How refineries work. Introduce tradeoffs of oil industry, sustainability and environmental justice Discuss classroom laptop expectations HW – ask about your home’s electric bill HW – ask about your home’s electric bill Monday Jan 19 Tuesday Jan 20 Wednesday Jan 21/Thursday Jan 22 Friday Jan 23 No School – MLK Day! Interactive Notebook: Oil production Quiz – Objectives #1-10 Air pollution and refineries HW – study for quiz next class; ask about your home’s electric bill Interactive Notebook: Fossil Fuel formation and the carbon cycle HW – ask about your home’s electric bill HW – ask about your home’s electric bill Monday Jan 26 Tuesday Jan 27 Wednesday Jan 28/Thursday Jan 29 Friday Jan 30 Oil Spill Activity Interactive Notebook: Energy Basics Quiz – Objectives #21-22 Electric bill due Interactive Notebook: From coal to electricity How to read your electric bill; comparing electricity use of appliances HW – ask about your home’s electric bill HW – study for quiz tomorrow! ask about your home’s electric bill HW – Electric bill due next class! HW - Home Energy Audit assigned – Part 1 due Monday Monday Feb 2 Tuesday Feb 3 Wednesday Feb 4/Thursday Feb 5 Friday Feb 6 Part 1 of Energy audit stamped. Review day Fossil Fuel Unit Test Home energy audit due MAJOR GRADE Classwork – Part 2 calculations HW – Home Energy Audit.