AP Environmental Science Syllabus 2014-2015 ACC Credit Available Course Information: Department: Science Course Title: Advanced Placement Environmental Science Length of Course: Two trimesters Course Number: No. of Credits: 1.0/4.0/4.0 Grade Level(s): 11th and 12th Instructor Information: Instructor: Rod Shroufe E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Phone: 503-353-5810 ext 38051 ACC Website: http://depts.clackamas.edu/acc/ Course Description: AP Environmental Science is a two-semester course with alignment to Clackamas Community College ESR-171 and ESR-172 a college. Students learn the scientific principles, concepts, and methodologies required to understand the environment, to evaluate the relative risks associated with environmental problems, and to examine alternative solutions for resolving and/or preventing environmental damage. The curriculum draws upon various scientific disciplines including: Earth Systems and Resources Energy Resources and Consumption The Living World Pollution Population Dynamics Global Change Land and Water Use In addition the course will provide students with the scientific principles, concepts, and methodologies required to understand the interrelationships of the natural world including: Analyzing and interpreting information and experimental data, including mathematical calculations. How to identify and analyze environmental problems, to evaluate the ecological and human health risks associated with these problems, and to critically examine various solutions for resolving or preventing them. A laboratory and/or field investigation component. A minimum of one class period per week will be spent engaged in laboratory and/or field work. The following themes will be introduced and revisited throughout the course as they represent unifying themes in the study of environmental science: Science is a process. Science is a method of learning more about the world. Science constantly changes the way we understand the world. Energy conversions underlie all ecological processes. Energy cannot be created; it must come from somewhere. As energy flows through systems, at each step more of it becomes unusable. The Earth itself is one interconnected system. Natural systems change over time and space. Biogeochemical systems vary in ability to recover from disturbances Humans alter natural systems. Humans have had an impact on the environment for millions of years. Technology and population growth have enabled humans to increase both the rate and scale of their impact on the environment. Course Objectives: As a result of completing Advanced Placement Environmental Science, students will: Introduce the issues basic to the study of environmental science and teach principles of scientific measurement and graphing. Acquaint the student with scientific reasoning, the scientific method, and the nature of scientific knowledge. Discuss the properties of systems. Develop an understanding of the fundamental concepts of chemical cycling, of Earth’s major biogeochemical cycles, and of human impacts on Earth’s major biogeochemical cycles. Explore the history of human population growth and discuss methods for measuring, predicting, and controlling it. Introduce the characteristics of ecosystems and communities and the types of ecological interactions that occur in ecosystems and communities. Discuss biological production and the movement of energy through ecosystems and develop an understanding of the laws of thermodynamics and their implications. Discuss how agriculture alters natural ecosystems, and explore various methods of food production. Consider the environmental effects of various agricultural methods. Develop an understanding of the kinds and major causes of species extinction, consider reasons for conserving endangered species, and explore the goals and methods of conserving endangered species. Discuss the categories and general effects of pollutants. Develop an understanding of the principles of energy and consider ways of making consumption of energy sustainable. Discuss the formation and distribution of fossil fuels and consider the environmental effects of the recovery and use of fossil fuels. Acquaint the student with renewable energy sources and discuss the environmental costs and benefits of renewable energy sources. Develop an understanding of nuclear energy and its health and environmental effects. Discuss the environmental effects of water management and explore ways of making water use sustainable. Discuss the categories and general effects of water pollutants, ways to control water pollution, and goals of wastewater treatment. Explore the history of climatic change and the causes and potential effects of and adjustments to global warming. Discuss the sources, general effects, and control of air pollutants Prerequisites: Courses in Biology, Chemistry, and Earth Science are recommended prerequisites or corequisites. Student Learning Objectives: Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to o o Summarize the issues basic to the study of environmental science. Utilize the metric system and concepts of accuracy and precision to make measurements, and graph scientific data. o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o Describe scientific reasoning and the scientific method, conduct and evaluate a scientific experiment, and explain the nature of scientific knowledge. Compare and contrast open and closed systems and positive and negative feedback, compute system flux and residence time, and apply the general properties of systems to the Earth. Describe the components and processes of biogeochemical cycles, diagram Earth’s major biogeochemical cycles, and describe the effects of human activities on Earth’s major biogeochemical cycles. Summarize the history and causes of human population growth, calculate human population growth rates and doubling times, compare exponential and logistic growth forms, use population age structure diagrams and the demographic transition to predict human population growth, and identify methods for controlling human population growth. Compare and contrast the characteristics of ecosystems and communities and describe the processes and ecological interactions that occur in ecosystems and communities. Use production equations to calculate gross production, net production, and respiration; describe the laws of thermodynamics; and explain how the laws of thermodynamics affect the movement of energy through ecosystems. Contrast natural ecosystems and agroecosystems (agricultural ecosystems) and evaluate the environmental advantages and disadvantages of the possible approaches to agriculture. Describe the environmental effects of mechanized agricultural methods such as intensive plowing, use of pesticides, and genetically modifying crops, and explain how alternative agricultural methods such as contour plowing, no-till agriculture, and integrated pest management can provide environmental benefits. Compare the causes and rates of background (natural) extinction with those attributed to humans, identify ways by which people cause extinction, describe the traits of species likely to become endangered, give reasons for conserving endangered species, and describe goals and methods of conserving endangered species. Explain how to use the principles of island biogeography, the edge effect, and migration corridors to plan parks and preserves. Describe the scientific method. Describe the major categories of pollutants and explain the concept of dose response. Explain the laws of thermodynamics, describe forms and units of energy, and describe methods for making energy consumption and development sustainable. Explain how fossil fuels form, describe the geographic distribution and availability of fossil fuels, and describe the environmental effects of the recovery and use of fossil fuels. Describe the major renewable energy sources and evaluate their environmental costs and benefits. Describe atomic structure, nuclear fission, radiation, and the environmental and human health effects of radiation, and summarize the factors that influence public opinion concerning nuclear power. Describe the environmental effects of groundwater use, wetland loss, and dams; summarize the values of wetlands for people; and describe methods of making water use sustainable. Identify the major categories of water pollutants and their environmental effects, and explain how water pollution can be controlled and treated. o o Explain the causes of major changes in climate that have occurred throughout the geologic history of Earth, describe methods of evaluating past climate, explain the greenhouse effect and the anthropogenic processes that contribute to global warming, summarize the potential environmental and human health affects of global warming, and describe the kinds of adjustments people can make to global warming. Describe the major sources and effects of the human-produced air pollutants, summarize methods of controlling air pollutants, and explain the purpose of air quality standards. Required Text/ Instructional Material: Environment: The Science Behind the Stories, Jay Withgott and Scott Brennan. Third Edition. Pearson Publishing. Grading Criteria: Grades are based on an accumulation of weighted grades from homework, class activities, labs, projects, quizzes, and tests. The categories for the weighted grades are as follows: o Formative 10% of overall grade (Practice work/Homework = 10%, Mini-quizzes = 10%. On eSIS these grades will be collectively called Formative. Summative 90% of overall grade (Labs/Projects/Activities = 30%, Quizzes 20%, Tests 40%). On eSIS these grades will collectively called Summative All graded work will be graded on an A-F grading scale. The point value you see WILL NOT be representative of your grade but a rather an number required for the metric to run properly. Class Policies: Homework will be given as an opportunity for additional practice for concepts learned in class. It will be discussed and graded on a completion basis. My expectation for you is to do your best to try to complete the homework. If you have questions, please come in for help or email—the sooner the better in most cases. You must do your homework each and every night to understand course content. Late daily homework assignments will receive reduced credit. In order for late homework to be graded, it must be turned in before the unit test. Quizzes will be given with or without notice over homework topics. Mini-quizzes will be frequent, small, check-in type quizzes that count as 10% of your total grade. Larger quizzes that will be announced count as 20% of your total grade. Exams may represent any current material as well as require and understanding of how it relates to previous material. Extra credit will be not given. Students are encouraged to work hard consistently throughout the term to ensure the best possible grade. Students should not depend on extra credit projects being available at the end of the grading period to improve a low grade. Lab Make up must be completed within one week of the scheduled lab. Absences: All work missed during an excused absence may be made up. The student will have as many class days as he or she missed to be accountable for work and content Plagiarism/Cheating will not be tolerated. We will discuss and define these terms in class. The academic consequence will result in a 0 percent on the assignment regardless of assignment weight and will have a behavioral consequence as per your student handbook. Additionally, Clackamas Community College policy is that cheating of any kind will result in a letter grade of F in the class. Google Drive will be utilized throughout the year to submit documents in your collections. “Google was not working Mr. Shroufe” is analogous to the old term “The dog ate my homework”. Be aware that I can see EVERYTHING you do or not do on any assignment on Google Drive. Dual Credit: Students registered through Clackamas Community College for credit will be eligible for two trimesters of credit totaling eight college science credit hours in addition to the 1 credit offered of high school AP science credit.