POLICY ON FREE SPEECH AND HARASSMENT Claremont Graduate University is committed to guaranteeing to all members of the Graduate University community freedom of speech, because this freedom is essential to the search for truth--the central purpose of any institution of higher education. Under our system of government, free speech includes the rights to express opinions that are objectionable, even abhorrent, to the majority or the minority. Freedom of speech must be accorded to the ideas we hate; otherwise, sooner or later, it will be denied to the ideas we cherish. The University condemns in the strongest terms harassment or discriminatory conduct on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, national origin, veteran status, ancestry, blindness, or other physical disability. Our Federal and State Constitutions limit when offensive speech or expressive conduct may be punished to those circumstances in which expressive activity: (1) materially disrupts or involves substantial disorder or invasion of the rights of others; (2) amounts to "fighting words" that are likely to provoke imminent lawless action; (3) is defamatory or obscene. Therefore, although the University strongly condemns any speech or conduct that stigmatizes, victimizes, or discriminates against any person, speech or expressive conduct may be subject to discipline for its offensive nature only in the above situations.