Women During WW1 In Service: Canadian women were sent overseas as nurses, ambulance drivers and staff officers. Two thousand women worked as nursing sisters during the Great War, another six thousand worked in the civil service. Nursing sisters, like male doctors, witnessed the devastation or war on a regular basis, and put their lives at risk, working in casualty clearing stations close to the front lines and on hospital ships. They served on the Western front in France. Forty six nursing sisters gave their lives during the Great War. On the Home front: The Canadian war effort at home was fuelled by volunteers and the wives and family members left behind. The Military Hospital Commission cared for the sick and wounded. Churches and women’s groups, such as the Daughters of the Empire, the Red Cross and the Dorcas Club, rallied to support husbands, family and friends. Women sewed pyjamas and socks and sent care packages to troops overseas. Aboriginal women, like other Canadian women, formed patriotic leagues and joined Red Cross societies and other charitable groups. Canadian women also went to work and took over those occupations previously considered “men’s work.” In this way, the Great War offered an unprecedented opportunity for women to prove their abilities. Women worked on farms assisting with the harvest, and up to 30 000 Canadian women found work as labourers in the new munitions factories. Although the opportunities were new and exciting, women would have a long battle ahead of them for equal rights. Women were often paid less for the same position previously held by men and often faced hostile working conditions. When the war ended in 1919, women were expected to leave their jobs and return to the home, and in many cases, they were actually fired to open up employment for the returning soldiers. Clearly, the fight for equality was far from over, yet the contribution of Canadian women during the war was a key component to Canada’s growth during the Great War, and Canada’s role in the war itself.