What is a hypothesis
What is a controlled experiment and why is it important?
Explain the difference between the dependent and independent variables in an experiment.
How are the graphed?
What is the difference between and inference and an observation
What is a qualitative vs. a quantitative observation?
What is a theory?
Describe the characteristics of all living things.
Define stimulus and response. Give an example.
Describe the purpose of reproduction.
What are the 3 subatomic particles, their location, and their charge?
Know how to make a Lewis dot structure.
Explain the difference between ionic and covalent bonds.
Which atoms are most likely to form anions and cations?
List the 6 most common elements found in living things.
What are organic molecules?
List 4 biological molecules (macromolecules) and their building blocks.
What are enzymes?
What are the properties of water?
Why is water considered a polar molecule?
Describe the ecological levels of organization.
Explain the difference between immigration and emigration.
What 4 factors affect world population?
Explain the difference between density-dependent and density-independent factors for population growth and give examples.
What is the difference between exponential and logistic growth?
Which of the two applies to natural populations?
Explain the difference between biotic and abiotic factors
Know the approximate location of the biomes with relationship to equator and basic characteristics
How does latitude affect both temperature and species diversity in biomes?
Explain the difference between autotrophs and heterotrophs
Synonyms for autotroph
Synonyms for heterotroph
What is the difference between an organism’s habitat and its niche?
What is succession?
What is the difference between primary and secondary succession?
What is a pioneer species? Give examples for each type of succession.
Briefly describe the stages of the water cycle, carbon cycle, nitrogen cycle, and phosphorus cycle including the role of living things in each.
What is a food chain?
List the order of trophic levels in a food chain.
What is a food web?
Describe the relationship between the trophic level on an energy pyramid and the corresponding energy available.
Compare and contrast prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Which has a nucleus?
Give an example of a prokaryote.
What are membrane-bound organelles?
Give examples and their functions.
Why are folded membranes advantageous to cells?
What is the job of the cell membrane?
What is meant by the term semi-permeability?
Draw the movement of particles when a cell is experiencing dynamic equilibrium.
Osmosis is ______________________________________________________________
Describe each solution in terms of less, greater, or equal solute as compared to the cell and the corresponding movement of water.
An example of a hypertonic solution-
An example of a hypotonic solution-
An example of an isotonic solution-
Describe the difference between endocytosis and exocytosis.
Write the equation for photosynthesis.
Where does each stage of photosynthesis take place?
What is produced during the light-dependent reactions?
Where do these products go?
What is produced during the light independent-reactions?
What is another name for the light-independent reactions?
Write the equation for cellular respiration.
Why is cellular respiration called aerobic respiration?
Electron transport chain-
What process occurs if oxygen for cell respiration is not available?