Article I: The Legislative Branch Introduction to the US Constitution is called the ________________________. Facts: o _________ Articles o _________ Amendments o First 10 Amendments to the US Constitution are called the _________________________. o Eminent domain - _____________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Federal System National Government *Provide an army and navy *Conduct foreign affairs National and State Government *Enforce the laws *Eminent Domain *Establish courts *Collect taxes *Charter banks *Borrow Money *Set up Federal Courts *Provide for the general welfare *Regulate trade *Coin Money Enumerated Powers State Government *Regulate trade within the state (intrastate commerce) *Establish a local government *Conduct elections *Establish marriage/divorce laws *Establish public schools *Establish laws governing corporations *traffic laws Concurrent Powers Reserved Powers Look in notes for more. 1. Congress a. Meets _______________________ b. Made up of two houses: _______________________________ and _______________ 2. House of Representatives: a. Term of office - ____________________________ b. Qualifications i. ________________________________________________ ii. ________________________________________________ iii. Resident of the state elected. c. The number of members in the House of Representatives is based on _____________________. i. Total number in the House is _______ members (set in 1929). d. The leader in the House is the _____________________________ which is the ________________________________________ and responsible for choosing the heads of various House committees/appoints people to select committees. 3. Senate: a. Term of office - ____________________________ b. Qualifications i. ________________________________________________ ii. ________________________________________________ iii. Resident of the state elected. c. The number of members in the Senate is based on _____________________. i. Total number in the Senate is _______ members. d. The President of the Senate is the _____________________________ whose only duty is to ____________________________________________________________________________. i. __________________________________ takes the place of the President of the Senate in case of an absence. 4. Impeachment Process a. Definition of impeach: ___________________________________________ b. Sole power of impeachment: _____________________________________________________ c. Acts as the judge ___________________________________________________ d. Acts as the jury and the trial takes place here _______________________________ 5. Elections a. Held on the 1st ________________ after the 1st ______________________ in _________________. November S T W Th F S 1 2 3 4 5 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 6 M 7 27 28 29 30 6. Organization/Privileges a. Quorum is the _________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________. b. If a member of the House is accused of disorderly conduct, then the ________________ will punish that member. c. If a member of the Senate is accused of disorderly conduct, then the _________________ will punish that member. d. Congressional Record - _________________________________________________________ e. Neither house can adjourn for more than ___________ days without the permission of the other house. f. __________________ - members can’t be sued for anything that they say in Congress. 7. Passing Laws a. Revenue Bills originate in the ______________. i. Chief source of revenue is ________________________. b. How a bill becomes a law: i. House Senate President 8. Enumerated a. Revenue b. Borrow money c. Commerce (trade) d. Naturalization and bankruptcy e. Currency f. Counterfeiting g. Post office h. Copyright and patent laws i. Courts j. Piracy k. Declare war l. Army m. Navy n. Rules for armed forces o. Militia p. Natural Guard q. Nation’s capital r. Elastic Clause – “__________________________” clause i. Must be related to one of the enumerated powers 9. Powers Denied the Federal Government a. Writ of Habeas Corpus i. Must have a body of evidence to detain a suspect ii. May be suspended during time of ____________ b. Bill of attainder i. Can’t punish you without a ______________________ c. Ex post facto law i. Makes an act a crime ______________________________________________________ Review Notes for Final Town meetings and the House of Burgesses were steps in the growth of democracy. The First Continental Congress was formed due to colonial frustration with the laws passed by Parliament. The Battle of Saratoga in the American Revolution led to the entrance of France on the American side. Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence. Thomas Paine wrote Common Sense. Large landowners during the Middle Ages were called Lords. The route from Africa that brought enslaved Africans to America was called the Triangular Trade Route. American advantage during the Revolutionary War was that they were fighting for a cause. Proclamation of 1763. Navigation Acts were passed to control colonial trade. 1st written constitution of the United States was the Articles of Confederation. Mayflower Compact was written to establish principles of government in the new colony. Declaration of Independence said that people have the right to alter or abolish government if that government violates their natural rights. (This idea came from John Locke.) The House of Representatives is the one that responds most directly to the will of the people. Small states during the Constitutional Convention wanted equal representation. The US Constitution has survived because it combines a strong framework for government with flexibility. Preamble of the US Constitution – lists the goals of the government, tells that the authority comes from the people (ordinary Americans), and the defense means protection from foreign enemies.