Essays for Chapters 17, 18, and 19 1. Trace the production of a protein from replication to protein synthesis. a. Explain the processes involved in transcription in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. b. Explain the processes involved in translation to the polypeptide chain (primary protein structure). c. Describe what occurs in post-transcription that allows for diversity and duration of enzyme activity. 2. Describe how viruses infect, replicate, and produce viral proteins. a. Describe the four main types of genetic material (six classes) found in viruses and their mode of replication (focus mainly on those described in class.) b. Explain how each of the four main types of genetic material code for making proteins necessary for viral coats or metabolism. c. Explain the difference between lytic and lysogenic cycles of viruses. 3. Explain the genetics of bacteria. a. Describe the genetic makeup of bacterial DNA and how new mutations can affect a population’s genetic makeup rather quickly. b. Explain the difference between transformation, transduction, and conjugation of bacterial DNA. c. Explain how the trp and lac operons are arranged and how genes are controlled in bacteria. 4. Still being processed. Check back by the end of the week. Sorry for any inconvenience but question 1 is two chapters long.