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How to Create Bar and Line Graphs Draw the Axes Identify the Axes Y- Axis X- Axis Identify the Axes Y- Axis Dependent Variable (what is observed and measured) X- Axis Independent Variable (what is changed by the scientist) DRY MIX One way to remember which data goes on which axis is the acronym DRY MIX. D.R.Y. D- Dependent R- Responding Y- Y-axis M.I.X. M- Manipulated I- Independent X- X-axis Title Write an appropriate title for the graph at the top. The title should contain both the independent and dependent variables. Scale Decide on an appropriate scale for each axis. The scale refers to the min and max numbers used on each axis. They may or may not begin at zero. The min and max numbers used for the scale should be a little lower than the lowest value and a little higher than the highest value. This allows you to have a smaller range which emphasizes the comparisons/trends in the data. Scale •The Y-axis scale is from 0-100. •The largest value though is only 35. Scale •The Y-axis scale is now from 040. •This does a better job emphasizing the comparisons between coins. Intervals Look at your minimum and maximum values you set up for both the Y and X-axis. (For most bar graphs, the X-axis will not have numerical values.) Decide on an appropriate interval for the scale you have chosen. The interval is the amount between one value and the next. It is highly recommended to use a common number for an interval such as 2, 5, 10, 25, 100, etc. Intervals The interval for the Y-axis is 20. The X-axis does not have numerical data and does not need an interval. Labels Both axes need to be labeled so the reader knows exactly what the independent and dependent variables are. The dependent variable must be specific and include the units used to measure the data (such as “number of drops”). Labels DV label IV label TAILS Another handy acronym to help you remember everything you need to create your graphs….. T.A.I.L.S. Title Axis Interval Labels Scale TAILS Title: Includes both variables Axis: IV on X-axis and DV on Y-axis Interval: The interval (4) is appropriate for this scale. Label: Both axes are labeled. Scale: Min and max values are appropriate. Bar Graphs vs Line Graphs Bar Graphs •Bar graphs are descriptive. •They compare groups of data such as amounts and categories. •They help us make generalizations and see differences in the data. Example Another example Line Graphs •Line graphs show a relationship between the two variables. They show how/if the IV affects the DV. •Many times, the IV plotted on the X-axis is time. •They are useful for showing trends in data and for making predictions. Example Another example Create-a-Graph Online! Click here to use the online tool!