Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent Chapter 2 What is the name of the alphabet that made it easier for people in the ancient world to read and write? Phoenician Alphabet Name the two rivers where Mesopotamia was located? Tigris and Euphrates Rivers In 612 B.C., they conquered the Assyrians? The Medes and the Chaldeans This city became an important trade center because it was located between two cities, north and south. Babylon This is the area where writing first developed? Mesopotamia The cities of Sumer were separated by long stretches of desert land, therefore they developed into…… City-states. What did the Babylonians and the Israelites have in common? They both lived according to a code of laws What are the names of Mr. Huebner’s sons? Erin Brigid What were the Israelites known for that made them unique among the ancient peoples? Belief in one god Each Mesopotamia citystate had their own_____, although, they shared language. God or Goddess ______ was the first written set of laws and applied to all citizens. Hammurabi’s Code What was one of the most important advantages of the Phoenician alphabet? It was simpler than cuneiform. Name one of the major events in the history of the Israelites? the settlement of Canaan ____ is a time when people starve because there is a so little food? Famine Symbols for writing that represent sounds are called.. the alphabet.