Jerusalem The Holy City For Jewish People ► Jerusalem was the first capital of their people. King David established that as the capital around 1000 BCE. ► King David s son, King Solomon built the great Temple on the site where Abraham was going to sacrifice Isaac. ► The Temple was destroyed and then a second Temple was built by King Herod and later destroyed. ► The one wall that remains of the Temple, the Western Wall, remains as a holy place to visit and pray at. It is also called the Wailing Wall. ► Jewish people believe that when the end of the world comes, the Messiah will enter the city through the Golden Gate (one of the gates into the city). For Christians ► Jerusalem was the city where Jesus spent most of his adult life spreading his teachings. ► The path that Jesus took (the Stations of the Cross) wind through the streets of the city. He was then crucified and rose from just outside of the city. ► The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is the site where Jesus was crucified. For Muslims ► After Mohammed died in Mecca, his body floated to Jerusalem where he ascended a golden ladder to Paradise from a rock. (This is the same rock where Abraham was going to sacrifice Isaac) ► Later, Muslims built the Dome of the Rock (mosque) on that site.