State College News N E W YORK S T A T E COLLEGE FOR TEACHERS ESTABLISHED BY THE CLASS OP VOL. VI. No724 ALBANY, N. Y., 1918 13, 1922 MARCH $3.00 PER YEAR P. E. Carnival Takes Place of May Exhibit BAZAAR FOR DORM FUND The Alumni bazaar for the benefit of the State College Dormitory Fund will be held April 1, from 2:30 o'clock in the afternoon until 10 o'clock at night in the college gymnasium, This bazaar is to be something quite new compared with the bazaars State College has had before. If you come at 2:30 and become charmed and fascinated by the myriads of lovely unusual things for sale, you will most certainly desire lo stay until Id in the evening, that you may not miss the over-changing delights of the people, things, and atmosphere. Hut, you will think, how about my evening meal—and there comes the happy surprise! Providing you buy your supper ticket before Thursday, the thirtieth of March, you will be able lo enjoy a regular, satisfying, home-cooked supper for only fifty cents (over and above the ten cents admission fee). The supper, under the direction of Miss Fillingham, will he from 6 to 7 o'clock, and at this time a chance will be given the present members of the college organizations, such as sororities and clubs, to meet the alumni members of these groups. Two of the novel booths at the bazaar will be the flower booth under the direction of Miss Martinez and that for the sale of groceries under Miss Lansing. The former requires no advertising because flowers seem to hypnotize one into buying them. The latter may lie explained in this way: although the college people do not themselves buy groceries, each one can suggest to her mother, if living at home, or to the landlady, if boarding, that she total her needs Continued on page 3 COLLEGE CALENDAR MONDAY, MARCH 13 4:30 p. m.Mathematics Club, R, 201 TUESDAY, MARCH 14 3 p. m. Y. W. C. A. Auditorium 8 p. m. Men's Meeting, Auditorium WEDNESDAY, MARCH IS 8 p. m. Joseph Henry Society., R. ISO FRIDAY, MARCH 17 4:15 p. m. Music Association. Room B 8 p. m. : K , 4 P Festival Dance SATURDAY; MARCH 18 8 p. m. Athletic Carnival. Albany High Gymnasium FACULTY NOTES SOPHS TO DANCE PHYSICAL ED. CARNIVAL Senator Charles J. Hewitt, Chairman of the Semite Finance Committee, and Joseph A. McGuinnies, Chairman of the Assembly Ways and Means Committee, called on Dr, Brubacher, March 6. They inspected the neighboring lot and found that it was entirely suitable. The prospect of the bill for buying this lot seems to have a very good chance of being passed during the next week. President Brubacher went to Gloversvillc, March 8, where he addressed the high school students and the entire body of teachers of the city. His subject was "The Teaching Personality." March 1,3, President Brubacher will be at Schenectady. Me will speak in the high school building for the Phi Mela Kappa society on "The Promotion of Scholarship," Miss Pcrinc, Instructor of Art. addressed student assembly, March Id She lectured about the picture exhibit which is seen in the balls of I be college. Professor Rt'sley has had the honor of being placed on the list of lecturers at Whcaton College, N'orton, Massachusetts, lie spoke to the student body on "Our Heritage" on February 24. Miss Mary Belle Risley is a freshman at Whcaton this year. The sophomore soiree will he held in the college gymnasium on March 24 between the hours of 90 and 1. Zita's orchestra will play. The soiree is to be formal for,'• girls and semi-formal for men. Myskauia, officers of the Student1 Association, and all class officerss are invited to attend The pricej, Of the bids is $3.00". All the abovec mentioned officers who wish to0 coine are requested to sign up onn the lists posted on the large bulletin board. The committees in charge are. General Arrangements, Annie Olson; Chaperones and Guests, Chairman, Marion Miller, Marjorie Bayless, Lucy Keller, Elizabeth Bach;' Refreshments, Chairman, Dorothy1 Davidson; list her Amos, lively n*' 11 Dutchcr; Decorations, Chairman,!| Oliver Putnam, Frederick Scott, Sarah Schoenherg, Rebecca Axelrod; Orders, Chairman, Dorothy llcnnit, Clara Fahnestock; Music.;' Chairman, Elizabeth N'agle, Dorothy Jones; Floor, Chairman, Mary V. B. Wright, Wilhelmina Heine'matin. Entire Capital District Included SOPHOMORE STUNT The sophomores will entertain with a stunt in chapel on March 17. There is always a great deal of rivalry between the two underclasses in putting on these annual stunts, and all arc looking forward to them with eager interest. CAGE BALL GAMES The sophomores and freshmen met in a cage ball battle, Monday at five. It was not a very thrilling battle as the sophomores were greatly outnumbered by the freshmen, much to the credit of the latter. Florence Bonne acted as referee. The score was 21-3 in favor of the fros'h. The sophomores again sallied forth on Wednesday to try their luck against the juniors. This time, although again outnumbered, they won their first victory, the score being 21-15. Katherinc Merchant was the referee. MEN'S ASSOCIATION There will be a meeting of the State College. Men's Association Tuesday evening, March 14, at 8 o'clock. The program arrapge.d for last Tuesday will be carried out and an interesting meeting is promised. SPECIAL COMMITTEE Dr. Croasdale has appointed the following students to serve as an emergency committee to collect the unpaid Infirmary Tax fees. Please respond when the committee members ask you. Seniors: Frances Reeks Fela Cackener juniors: Dorothy Dangremond Agnes Scott Smith Sophomores: Wilhelmina rieinemann Eleanor Abrams Freshmen: Men: Caroline Agan Emily Harrows Alma Terpening Mary Veddcr Ellen Wheeler Katherine Woodward Harvey Fenncr, FESTIVAL DANCE The Kappa Delta Rho Festival Dance promises to be consistent with the jolly spirit of St. Patrick's Day and she has been permitted to extend a cordial invitation to'the members of the college sororities* and to all of the "college men, There will be special music and entertainment. The Xorlhcastern New York Physical Education Association is planning an athletic carnival to be held in the gymnasium of the Albanv High School, Saturday evcning, March 18, at 8 o'clock. All types of schools in the capital distrie! will be represented on the program, The gym majors of Stale Colege will appear in three numbers: advanced marching tactics, an interpretive dance in costume, and a character dance in costume. All Stale College people are inviled to attend ibis carnival. ft will be of special interest to ua because it is lo take the place of I he final exhibition which we usually have in May. There will be dancing after the program. Tickets are 35 cents and may be obtained from any of the gym majors or from Miss Bennett. TO SENIORS Orders for Commencement announcements and programs will be taken this week for the last time, in the rotunda. A cash payment of 20 per cent of the total amount must accompany the order. Have them all in by March 17! The committee in charge has the following members: Helen Walker, chairman: Georgia Koch, Mabel White, and John McCluer THE WORK OF THE AMERICAN TEACHERS IN THE PHILIPPINES As a result of the Spanish-American War in 1898, the Philippine archipelago became the possession of United States. The Filipinos, who had their independent republican government with General Aguinaldo as the president, fought against the coming of the Americans. While fighting was still going on, American soldiers were detailed as school teachers in the then existing public schools, and, as one general! said, " a single teacher was worth a regiment of soldiers in so far as winning the sympathy of the Filipino people to American ideals was concerned." When the civil government was established, with ex-President Taft . as the governor, the schools were increasing in number very rapidly. The Bureau of Education was crei ated with a Director at its' 'head; the whole archipelago was divided \ into forty-six school' divisions; (each of which is in charge of a superintendent, Vvho is a repre'senta-' tive of the Director. Each of these Continued on page 2 ,:„™-r:Mm«»^ STATE COLLEGE NEWS, Page Two state coiitst news Vol. VI. March 13 No. 24 Published weekly, during the college year, by the Student Body of the New York State College for Teachers, at Albany, New York. The subscription rate is three dollars per year. Advertising rates may be had on application to the business manager. [Articles, manuscripts, etc., must be in the hands of the Editors before Thursday of the week of publication.] Editor-in-Chief, Louise D. Persons, '22 Managing Editor, Hope D. Persons, '22 Business Manager, Alice O'Connor, '22 Subscription Manager, Ethel Huyck, '22 Assistant Business Managers, Grace Fox, '23 Edith Sanders, '23 Associate Editors, Robert MacFarlane, '23 Eira Williams, '23 Vera Nolan, '23 Reporters Dorothy Bennit, '24 Doris Butler, '23 Dorothy Dangremond, '23 OUR AMUSEMENTS Only a few days ago sonic one was heard to remark, 'The students of State College ought not to have to spend much time in attending low-grade amusements in Albany when they have so many advantages right here." And when one stops to think of it, isn't it quite true? First, think of the comparatively small amount that one has to pay for student tax tickets in comparison with the high-class things that we can attend by just showing that little ticket and often by not even doing that. More than one person gasped over the prospects of attending the London String Quartet for nothing. The concert which the Music Association itself gave was of no small interest and afforded all those who were wise enough to go a far pleasanter evening than the, Grand could have done. Then there were the fine plays which the Dramatics and Art Association ,put on. The lighting effects and the costumes would make one think that he was sitting at the Hall watching Minna Gombcl do her best bit of acting. The music furnished by the college orchestra was certainly as good as the orchestra that we hear at Harmanus. The latest privilege which has been brought to our attention is the exhibit of paintings which have been making our halls anything but bare and unattractive. One could go other places and see things just as good, but he couldn't go out between classes with his friends and enjoy talking them over. A PROPOSITION How many of you are boy scouts or girl scouts? Even if you aren't you've often heard their "Do a good turn daily." If anyone has had a job to find one of these good turns to do, here's a suggestion. There's going to be a selfish reason behind it, but nevertheless it will answer its purpose. You all know Mary Callahan and the rest, don't you? Well, they get awfully tired of running around after us and picking up all . the papers and trash that we leave lying around. Here's the proposition! Let's help the janitors and janitresses out a bit and at the same time make our college buildings look neater. The basement and the gym arc the places that suffer most. It's hard for .the gym teachers to keep the gym as "'they'd like to have it when people in their hurry leave the remains of lunches behind them. Yes, the News office is an eyesore sometimes, but we're going to try the good turn stunt too. AMERICAN TEACHERS Continued from page 1 divisions, which usually coincides with the boundary of a province, is divided into districts composed of several towns. The head of the district is called the supervising teacher. He is the direct representative of the superintendent. The Philippine public school system is patterned after that of the United States: we have the elementary school, the high school, and the university. The courses of study are modified to meet our needs. Industrial work, gardening and agriculture arc included. In vocational education much attention is given to agriculture, in as much as the prosperity of the islands depends upon it. We have several regular agricultural schools in different parts. Physical education is introduced: for the children it is mostly calcsthenics and group games, and for older boys and girls, athletic sports as baseball, tenuis, volley ball, indoor baseball, basketball, high jumping, hurdles, and other track events. Baseball was first introduced by the American soldiers, and it has become the national game. Annual championship contests are held in each province, and the winners in each province compete in the interislands carnival championship. Every two years the Far Eastern Olympiad is held, in which the best athletes of China, Japan and the Philippines test their strength. An interesting phase of the educational progress is the co-educational system. Rcforc, a woman's education was composed of reading, writing, simple arithmetic, and embroidery. Her sphere of influence was largely limited to the home. The only government position opened to her was teaching. Xow, she studies pharmacy, law, medicine, dentistry, and is taking nearly all kinds of work in the government. She participates in discussion of social and political nroblems. She takes an active part in social work. Women's clubs, mothers' leagues, and other societies have been organized. There is now a movement to give them the right of the ballot. As to the capacity of our women let me quote Miss Yule, who for several years taught in the Philippines. " Possibly on these lovely isles, where the lotus blooms and the cocoanut lifts high its greencrowned head, there may be evolved the 'height of the vision of the suffragette, a land of perfect sex equality with chivalry tipping the scale in favor of the lovely woman," We always think highly, with a feeling of deep gratitude, for the loyal American teachers who left all that was dear to them in the United States to carry the Western Continued on Page 3 MARCH 13, 1922 A FABLE BY AESOP, JR. ' Once upon a time, when the gods ruled the earth, they endowed each man with a certain gift.( And one day they gave to a certain man the gift of great wind power; and they said to themselves, " He will be of great value to the race of men because he can run long distances for them, and save life by his long endurance. But the man did not wait for such an opportunity, he became impatient and walked long by the river planning his future, lie found one day a stiff leaf, and lie made of it a horn. " Now," thought he, " 1. may use my talent." Rejoicing, he went home, using his new instrument. And in the streets all clay long, he played. And behold, a child fell in the river, and people rushed to the man and cried, "Save him!" But the man, when lie saw them coming toward him, thought, " Let them hear my prowess," and he played so loudly that he did not hear the cnies. And again, there was a great battle, and the land was in Heed of ROUND T H E COLLEGE Billic Heinemann is living at the Delta Omega house now. Psi Gamma has received announcement of the marriage of Ruth Patterson, '19, to Richard Swinton. The engagement of Hilda Utlcy, '24, to Ray D, Jenkins, of forestport, has been announced. " Y " HOUSE The " Y " House is very glad to welcome Vcrna Carter, '25, as one of the House girls for the rest of the semester. Frances Lawrence, '21, was a guest at the " Y " House over the week end. • The Y. W, girls extend their sympathy to Nellie Maxim, '24, on the death of her grandmother. The following people have been pledged to Omicron Nu: Mrs. Mustainc, Dorothy Baker, Grace McGuire, and Victoria Peterson. a manager, The king came unto the man and said, " I pray thee, thou canst run; run to ..procure aid for me." But the man, as he saw the king approach, thought, " Even the king is drawn near by my horn." And he played louder than ever before. And there was ruin in the kingdom for they had failed to get aid. But the man saw it not and played in the streets. Whereat the gods were angry and said, "Mayhap he must listen to us; we shall give him one chance to leave ruin." So the messenger of the gods came to him and said, " The gods send for you to play on Olympus. Come!" But the man blew the harder when he saw someone approach him, and heard not the voice. And when the messenger had returned, he told that the man had not listened. Therefore, the gods smiled, and Zeus gave decree, "Let him be bereft of his power that he may see the ruin on earth." And the scribe in writingopposite his name in the book of men, wrote, beginning, " He that bloweth his own horn " And again, you know the story of the woman who refused to believe that the circus-man was right because she had always thought of a kangaroo as about the size of a rabbit, and she preferred to continue thinking so. Now, aren't a good many conclusions and generalizations made by the student body of State College about the student body of State College about as unjustified as these? Without calling names, or being impolite, let me ask you if you are sure that all the statements made about honor systems, and dormitories, and lack of college spirit are carefully based on-definite and complete statistics, or may they not possibly be a hit weak as to underpinning? Maybe we'd arrive at the same conclusions eventually, but wouldn't vvc feel a good deal more justified in those conclusions if we could only say, honestly, "There! These facts say this; those facts say the contrary; they are impartially and most carefully collected; these outweigh those, and, therefore, T conclude thus and so." Let's be a little more careful about our underpinning. N.'M. ORGANIZATIONS To the Editor of the " N e w s ; " Isn't it remarkable what a faculty people have for arriving at absurd conclusions and convincing themselves that their deductions are quite correct? Usually we can blame this to either carelessness and laziness in gathering enough actual facts to really test their final conclusion, or to the unconscious habit of drawing the conclusion they like best from their survey of conditions. If a man has looked at only half the evidence he can collect, he is likely to form a judgment only half just. In the old reading books there used to be a poem of the blind men who went to " see " an elephant ait the zoo. The first felt of his trunk, and cried, " The elephant is mighty like a tree!" Another felt his ear, and cried, " This wondrous animal is very like a fan!" A third fell against the elephant's side and exclaimed, "Why, the beast • is nothing but a wall!" So they all fell to arguing over the matter, because no one of them was seeing the elephant as a whole. Mathematics Club Mathematics Club will hold its March meetiing this Monday at 4:30 p. m, in room 201. Marjorie Blythe and Mabel White arc the speakers. Miss Blythe will collect dues from the initiates in the Rotunda on Wednesday, March IS, from 9:00 to 11:00 a. m. and from 2:00 to 3:00 p, m. Y. W. C. A. Girls I There is a treat in store for us this week. Dr. Moldenhauer, the pastor of the Westminster Presbyterian Church, is coming with a message that will just fit the needs of each of us. There is no necessity to invite those who know Dr. Moldenhauer. We could not keep them away from the meeting. But to you people who do not know him so well, we are offering this special jnvita- Page Three STATE COLLEGE NEWS, MARCH 13, 1922 tion to come and hear him. Every year ' Dr, Molclenhauer, along with a few of the other most able men of the country, is chosen to speak at the student conferences at Silver Bay, But not all of us can go to Silver Bay, Are we not honored, then, and fortunate to have Dr. Moldenhauer come to us? Be there and help the leader, Elizabeth Renncr, give Dr. Moldenhauer the hearty welcome which is his due. Joseph Henry Society The regular meeting of Joseph Henry Society will be Wednesday evening, March 15th, in room 150 at eight o'clock. Mr. MacFarlahc will speak on " Science in Safe Building" and " The Rain-Drop Auto." Miss Petith will describe the making of tungsten and radiotubes. Come and bring your friends. Music Association Tschaikowsky will be studied in the Music Association meeting on Friday, March 17. The program will consist of violin, piano, and victrola selections. All are welcome in room B at 4.15. Spanish Club At the last meeting of the Spanish Club Friday, March 10, Professor Stinard gave a very interesting illustrated talk on some of his experiences in other countries. Plans are being made for the Carnival, which will take place some time during the early part of .May. According lo plans, the Carnival is going to be better than ever this year and is going to be a real Spanish Carnival, Let's have every member interested and make it a big success! from an epidemic among the children of central Europe. . Fresh vegetables are also rich in this vitamine. Kappa Delta Kappa Delta announces the purchase of her home at 380 Western Avenue, and it is believed that the cause of dormitories at State College has made a distinct advancement in the actual purchase of one sorority house. The Alumnae, organized in the New York City and Capital District Branches have taken the responsibility and made this possible. Miss Pattic Stuart, 1919, President of the Capital District Alumnae Association has acted as chairman of the House Purchase Committee, and rightfully gains the appreciation of the active chapter, The other members of the committee are; Capital District Association Anne Boochcver DeBcer, 1912 Henrietta Fitch, 1911 Lavinia Cole Cook, 1905 May Foylc Van Denbergh, 1910 New York City Association Frances Larmon, 1916 Ruth Moslcy, 1917 Barbara Pratt Jones, 1915 Antoinette Wilson, 1907 Mildred Batey, 1919, Jean Hungcrford, 1920, and Marion Bitmap, 1921, spent the week-end at the Kappa Delta Mouse. BAZAAR DORM FUND Continued from page 1 and buy as many groceries as she can at the bazaar. In this way bargains for one and help for the other, will be gained. The fancy work booth under the G. A. A. direction of Miss Kelso will have On account of the resignation of real buyable and wearable things; Grace Fox as swimming captain, the candy booth under the direcBillie lieincmann has been ap- tion of Miss Futtcrer will speak pointed to succeed her. for itself; the home baked goods Swimming parties are to be re- under the direction of Mrs. Consumed in a short time. All are well would tempt any appetite; and urged to come out. Begin swimthe toilet articles under the direcming in the pool to get in trim for tion of Miss Stewart will prove' a this great summer sport. beguiling place to make money burn in our slim purses. Chemistry Club Besides all this there is to be an The regular meeting of the entertainment afternoon and eveChemistry Club was held Wednesning, ice cream, and dancing as a day evening, March 8, in the Chemclimax. istry lecture room. Professor Save your pennies and bring a Bronson gave a talk on vitamines. friend. In this way the long Those who were unable to attend wished for Dorms will begin to will probably be interested in a materialize. few exitracts from his lecture. Formerly fats, carbohydrates and proteins alone were considered AMERICAN TEACHERS necessary for diet, although under Continued from page 2 conditions of restriction scurvy and other diseases of dietitlonal origin ideals of civilization to us. One has to encounter the tropical clideveloped. In France when scurvy developed among soldiers _ lemon mate, the different environment, the people, language, and social juice was added to the diet and was found to help prevent the dis- condition. Tt was especially hard for the pioneer, who was sent to ease. Later, in the East, doctors found that rice polishings cured the most remote parts of the beri beri. As a result the workers islands, where he himself could turned to study what food princi- only understand his own language, ples were able to cure beri beri and or his only countryman neighbor, scurvy. They found yeast would about twenty or thirty miles from cure both diseases and called these his place. T remember quite well principles in yeast vitamine. Two back in 1903, while I was in a food principles were found to be neighboring town of my home necessary for growth, that found town, an American had just arlargely in milk, butter and fat is rived in that place to teach. I was called vitamine A, and that in green in the municipal building, when the vegetables and fruits is called vita- American tried to explain to the mine B, while the vitamine which " Presidente " or the town-head, his plan and something that he cures scurvy is called vitamine C. would like to have done in the investigation has shown that school building before starting the only a small amount of food con- class. He was talking with a vesttaining vitamine is necessary to pocket English-Spanish dictionary produce growth or overcome dis- in his right hand, and made all ease. Indeed, an almost infinitesi- kinds of gestures and modifications mal amount of cod liver oil which of his English words to make them contains vitamine A was found to sound like Spanish. But all was in overcome the eye disease and vain; there the " Presidente " stood, stunted growth which resulted with his mouth open. I was then picked up by the " Presidente " to act as an interpreter. I was in the STAHLER second grade at that time, so one can imagine how much help 1 was able to give. Central Avenue's Leading The method of leaching among the pioneers was from the " u n Confectionery and Ice known to the known," rather than following the we'll-known pedaCream Parlor gogical principle from the " known to the unknown." When 1 was in the first grade the first object J A large line of fancy bos learned was an apple, which vyas the center of interest in Baldwin's chocolates, booklets, favors, First Reader. Then I learned the :: :: :: :: cherries, snow, and squirrels. All etc. of them were strange to me. Then gradually texts suited to our condition were written. The snow EASTER NOVELTIES GREETING C A R D S melted and the apples and cherries disappeared; bananas and oranges Washington (Sift fchon took their places. A scries on " Philippine History and Civil Gov2 4 4 W A S H I N G T O N AVE. ernment" and readers now in use for elementary grades are written ALBANY, N. Y. by Filipino authors, products of O P E N E V E N I N G S PHONE WEST 1 1 3 8 H the public school. Another great difficulty of the pioneers was train assistants. The COME TO process resorted to at first was that of "take and give." In the afternoon the teacher taught the assistants; the next morning the latter taught what they got. Then regular teacher training agencies were introduced. Summer institutes for teachers were held; a FOR normal course was given, both in the intermediate school and in the high school; regular normal Books, Supplies, College schools were established; and then the College of Education in the University of the Philippines was Stationery and College Banners created. According to the latest figures !• know we have now about 20,000 Filipino teachers and over Quality 500 Americans teaching in 6,886 public schools, with a total enrollS I LKS ment of 935.678. And Dress Goods At Spanish is dying in the PhilipHEWETTS SILK S H O P pines. English is taught exclusively in the Philippine public ° v , r ,& e « 8 ."J 5 " d 1S-I7 N.. Pent Si. schools, and the private schools recognized by the government classes arc conducted in English, Danker with one or no subject in Spanish. There are two million people We Grow "Say it with now who can read and write EngOur Own Flowers" lish. An American or any English-speaking person does not need 40 «nd 42 Maidan Una to bring his English-Spanish dictionary in travelling over the Philippines. The young generation cannot speak Spanish. It is not the language in our homes; it is used in social, official, and business circles, among the older generation to a very limited extent. English is destined to be the national language in the Philippines. Ten years later the Philippine legislature will be composed wholly of the products of the pubIn fact, at present lic schools. there are several such holding responsible positions in the government, with ten in the legislature, ft is interesting to note that when the government sent its first 100 students to the United States in 1905 the highest attainment among that few was not even the completion of the high school. Now, of over 150 government students, almost all of them are taking postgraduate courses in your leading Peppermint flavored chewing gum universities. We have also about w i t h Peppermint 2,000 private students in the States. 8ugar Coat' The University of the PhilipSugar jacket pines is a government institution, "melts in your run under a special charter. It mouth," leaving GREAT was established twelve years aero the deliriously with a handful of students in the flavored gum School of Medicine, which served center to aid as a nucleus. Now it has grown digestion, up to an institution with six colbrighten teeth TREAT! and s o o t h e leges and seven schools with about mouth and throat. 5,000 students. There are students :32 from China, India, and Ss'am. I have been asked several times COLLEGE CO-OP WRKLEYS Newest Creation Page Four STATE COLLEGE NEWS, MARCH 13, 1922 as to the expenses for the maintenance of the. Philippine government, The country is self-supporting. The United States has not given a n y financial support, except the maintenance of the army and the keeping up of the naval stations, "Hence a correlation of more than 70 per cent, between the college grades and anything else would be a chance result and without significance," says Dean 'Distinctive 'Photography Hawkes, "Since we now have a correlation of 65 per cent, with the mental tests it a p p e a r s that we PHOTOGRAPHS FOR GIFTS AND have proceeded nearly as far in this direction as is possible until REMEMBRANCE the g r a d i n g s y s t e m h a s been improved. PHOTOGRAPHS FOR REPRODUCTION AND " N o t only is the present system BUSINESS USE of g r a d i n g unsatisfactory on account of the variation due to the personal equation noted above, b u t Special Rates to Students also owing to the fact that there is n o agreement, even among m e m bers of the same d e p a r t m e n t in the 4 8 N o . P e a r l S t r e e t P h o n e Main 9 9 same institution, as to what they are trying to measure, what units they p r o p o s e to use, and where the zero point should be placed. Figures giving t h e accuracy of the THIS SPACE BELONGS TO g r a d e s in certain courses in Columbia College have been prepared a c cording to 'principles accepted by those most familiar with such H E L M E S B R O S . , INC. matters. " I t appears that the accuracy of the m a r k s during the year 1919W E R E S E R V E T H E R I G H T T O U S E IT F O R 1920 of a large number of students ran from 35 to 68 per cent, in BUSINESS PURPOSES the various d e p a r t m e n t s , while the accuracy of the combined grade for the entire work of a session LESTER H. HELMES, PRES. is 70 per cent. Consequently, in a t t e m p t i n g t o compare the results of the mental test with the college marks, we a r e using a scale that is G . W i l e y (EL B r o . only 70 per cent, accurate. Hence, a correlation of more than 70 per Dealers in All Kinds of cent, between the college grades Fresh a n dSalt Meat An Eversharp pencil' to and a n y t h i n g else would lie a and Poultry chance result and without signifisuit your needs can Abe cance. Since we now have a cor3 4 8 State Street, Corner Lark quickly found in our relation of 65 per cent, with the Telephone S44 and 543 mental tests it appears that we have great stock. We repair proceeded nearly as far in this diEversharps^too. rection as is possible until the grading system has been imBRENNER'S proved. <7ff<? PEN CORNER, ^ ^r? Exclusive " T h i s difficulty has been attacked by modifying the character of our Furs, G o w n s , Suits examinations. T h e kind of examESTABLISHED-1807 ESTABLISHED -1887 -ld ^^%, ~ a ,| §y» and Wraps ination which has been uniformly CORNER-HUDSON AVE.™" SD.PEARL, used in the more descriptive subS S No. P e a r l S t A l b a n y , N. Y. jects like history and economics may be described as the essay type. Ideal Service Ideal Food A relatively small number of ques$5.00 Maal Meal Ticket for $4. tions are presented to the student $5.00 Maal Ticket for $4.50 to College Student* who is supposed to write a little cssay_ in a n s w e r to each of the V I 1 O A M. GEORGE F. HAMP, Prop questions, all during the two or three hours of the examination period. A n y o n e w h o has spent 208 Washington Ave days a n d nights in reading the reRegular Dinner 4 0 c Washington — 1 1 a. m. to 3 Avenue, p. m sults of this process docs not need 208 Albany, N. Y. to be informed r e g a r d i n g the comRegular Dinner 4 0 c — 1 1 a. m. to 3 p. m. Supper 4 0 c — 5 p. m. to 8. p. m. plexities of the problem of grading the student. " I t is probable that in the essay type of examination there is a T H E HAMILTON HAMILTON PRINTING C O . margin of e r r o r of from 10 to 25 per cent, which is entirely eliminated in the new examination. THE PR O D U C E R S O F T H E IB E T T E R C L A S S O F F u r t h e r m o r e , t h e n e w examination covers the course to an extent utterly impossible in the essay type." B O O K L E T S , CCAATTAALLO OG GSS,. P U B L I C A T I O N S A N D T h e influence of the Philippine public schools is n o t confined to its boundaries, 'but reaches t o the noighoring Oriental countries. E d ucational missions were sent by Corea, China, and Java to study the system. There are Filipinio teachers employed by the g o v e r n m e n t of Java. As to the progress of t h e Philippine puiblic schools, Dr. Paul M u n roe, of Columbia University, after his personal, thorough investigation of the conditions there, affirmed that " g r e a t e r educational p r o g r e s s lias been made in the Philippine Islands in ten or twelve years than in a n y place in the history of education," •In order to understand the cause of such rapid development, the proper foundation is to be noted. Before the Philippines became an American possession there were 2,000 " rudimentary public schools," seminaries, colleges, and a university. T h e University of S a n t o T o m a s is twenty-live years older than H a r v a r d , the oldest American university. It can lie said, therefore, when America occupied the islands she found a people ready lor flic educational system that she was to establish. She did n o t find a savage people, but a nation eager to learn and anxious to co-operate. NEW EXAMINATIONS FOR COLUMBIA MEN Essay Type of Tests to Be Supplemented by a Closer Delving for Facts Steps have been taken by Columbia College to modify the c h a r a c t e r of examinations in many departments. Side by side with t h e traditional essay type of examination a new aid has been introduced, which, according to Dean H e r b e r t E. Hawkes, affords no chance for the bluffer to exercise his a r t s a n d removes the examination from the category of sporting propositions. " T h e clever student," says the Dean, "whose verbose knowledge of a few topics can he stretched so as to appear to advantage whatever questions may be asked, is left stranded. With the new examination he is shooting with a rifle instead of a shotgun." Columbia's departure w a s the outcome of conditions said t o p r e vail generally in American colleges and schools, and of which Ben D . W o o d , assistant to Dean H a w k e s , said recently: " I t is a n o t o r i o u s fact t h a t college grades and high school m a r k s are highly inaccurate and unreliable." Mr. W o o d said his conclusions were based upon e x tensive researches at Columbia a n d other universities. Columbia's. plans_ to meet the situation were contained in a report by D e a n H a w k e s to P r e s i d e n t Nicholas Murray Butler, given out last week. Owing t o . t h e variation a m o n g instructors' in determ i n i n g t h e grades of students, in afe tempting t o compare the results of the m e n t a l tests with the college m a r k s , Columbia is using a scale only 70 per cent, accurate. ALBANY ART UNION r^^SHPtW^^ik i^PmiUef^M Ideal Restaurar Ideal Kestaurant DIRECT T h e y o u n g m a n walked down the street, o n e shoe off and his coat turned inside out. A policeman stopped him. " W h a t ' s the idea?" he demanded. "Well, you see, it's this way," replied the y o u n g man. " I ' m taking a course at a correspondence school and y e s t e r d a y those darn sophom o r e s wrote to me and told me t o haze myself."—The O w l . T h e Prof, had written on the back of a' theme-: " Please write more legibly.''" ' , • • • • N e x t day: "Professor, w h a t ' i s that you put on my t h e m e ? " B Y MMAAI ILL Ph.n.,we.t4472 ADVERTISING ill m '•4SV * '•4KV rniNTMitm or THE STATU STAI o o i x a a a 2 4 0 HAMILTON STREET. STREET N*WB ALBANY, N. Y.