Legality in the Workplace: Codes, Ethics, and Laws Practicum in Construction Management Lesson Plan Performance Objective Upon completion of this lesson, each student will have a better understanding of what codes, ethics, and laws are associated with construction management careers. Specific Objectives Students will follow appropriate codes, laws, standards, or regulations for their chosen field. Students will demonstrate ethical and legal practices for careers in construction management. Terms Infographic – a visual image, such as a chart or diagram used to represent information or data. Codes – a collection of regulations, ordinances, and other statutory requirements put together by various organizations; once adopted by each jurisdiction, they become law; they are enforced on a local level and sometimes state level. Federal Regulations – a number of federal agencies and departments work with trade associations, private companies, and the general public to develop federal laws for building construction Ethics – principles that guide an individual’s behavior and decisions. Time This lesson should take three days to complete. Preparation TEKS Correlations This lesson, as published, correlates to the following TEKS. Any changes/alterations to the activities may result in the elimination of any or all of the TEKS listed. Practicum in Construction Management 130.62(c) Knowledge and skills. o (2) The student applies the appropriate codes, laws, standards, or regulations related to a research and development project. The student is expected to: (A) identify areas where codes, laws, standards, or regulations may be required; (B) locate the appropriate codes, laws, standards, or regulations; and (C) interpret and follow the appropriate codes, laws, standards, or regulations. o (19) The student demonstrates ethical and legal practices for careers in construction management. The student is expected to: 1 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2015. All rights reserved. (A) summarize the rights and responsibilities of employers and employees; (B) exhibit ethical practices as defined in construction management; and (C) analyze legal aspects of construction management. Interdisciplinary Correlations English Language Arts and Reading 110.31 (c) Knowledge and skills. o (21) Research/Gathering Sources. Students determine, locate, and explore the full range of relevant sources addressing a research question and systematically record the information they gather. Students are expected to: (B) organize information gathered from multiple sources to create a variety of graphics and forms. o (22) Research/Synthesizing Information. Students clarify research questions and evaluate and synthesize collected information. Students are expected to: (B) evaluate the relevance of information to the topic and determine the reliability, validity, and accuracy of sources (including Internet sources) by examining their authority and objectivity. o (23) Research/Organizing and Presenting Ideas. Students organize and present their ideas and information according to the purpose of the research and their audience. Students are expected to synthesize the research into a written or an oral presentation that: (C) use graphics and illustrations to help explain concepts where appropriate; and (D) use a variety of evaluative tools (e.g., self-made rubrics, peer reviews, teacher and expert evaluations) to examine the quality of the research. Reading I, II, III 110.47(b) Knowledge and skills. o (2) The student acquires an extensive vocabulary through reading and systematic word study. The student is expected to: (A) expand vocabulary by reading, viewing, listening, and discussing; and (B) determine word meanings through the study of their relationships to other words and concepts such as content, synonyms, antonyms, and analogies. o (4) The student comprehends texts using effective strategies. The student is expected to: (D) summarize main texts by identifying main ideas and relevant details. o (7) The student reads with fluency and understanding in increasingly demanding and varied texts. The student is expected to: (A) read silently or orally such as paired reading or literature circles for sustained periods of time. Public Speaking I, II, III 2 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2015. All rights reserved. 110.57 (b) Knowledge and skills. o (4) Organization. The student organizes speeches. The student is expected to: (B) organize speeches effectively for specific topics, purposes, audiences, and occasions. o (5) Proofs and appeals. The student uses valid proofs and appeals in speeches. The student is expected to: (A) analyze the implications of the audience, occasion, topic, and purpose as a basis for choosing proofs and appeals for speeches. o (6) Style. The student develops skills in using oral language in public speeches. The student is expected to: (D) use informal, standard, and technical language appropriately. o (7) Delivery. The student uses appropriate strategies for rehearsing and presenting speeches. The student is expected to: (E) interact with audiences appropriately. Technology Applications 126.49 (c) Knowledge and skills. o (1) Creativity and innovation. The student demonstrates creative thinking, constructs knowledge, and develops innovative products and processes using technology. The student is expected to: (H) identify and solve problems, individually and with input from peers and professionals, using research methods and advanced creativity and innovation skills used in a selected profession or discipline; (I) develop products that meet standards identified by the selected profession or discipline; and (J) produce original work to solve an identified problem and publish a product in electronic media and print. o (2) Communication and collaboration. The student uses digital media and environments to communicate and work collaboratively, including at a distance, to support individual learning and contribute to the learning experience of others. The student is expected to: (C) determine and implement the best method of presenting or publishing findings; (D) synthesize and publish information in a variety of print or digital formats; and (E) use evolving network and Internet resources and appropriate technology skills to create, exchange, and publish information. o (3) Research and information fluency. The student applies digital tools to gather, evaluate, and use information. The student is expected to: (A) use evolving network and Internet resources for research and resource sharing of technology applications; 3 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2015. All rights reserved. (B) apply appropriate search strategies in the acquisition of information from the Internet, including keyword and Boolean search strategies; (D) acquire information using appropriate research strategies with source citations through electronic formats, including interactive components, text, audio, video, graphics, and simulations; and (E) identify, create, and use available file formats, including text, image, video, and audio files. o (4) Critical thinking, problem solving, and decision making. The student uses criticalthinking skills to plan and conduct research, manage projects, solve problems, and make informed decisions using appropriate digital tools and resources. The student is expected to: (A) evaluate the design, functionality, and accuracy of the accessed information; (B) conduct systematic research; (C) demonstrate creative-thinking and problem-solving skills; (D) integrate appropriate productivity tools, including network, mobile access, and multimedia tools, in the creation of solutions to problems; (E) use enriched curricular content in the creation of products; and (F) synthesize and generate new information from data gathered from electronic resources. Occupational Correlation (O*Net – www.onetonline.org/) Job Title: Construction Managers O*Net Number: 11-9021.00 Reported Job Titles: Concrete Foreman, Construction Area Manager, Construction Foreman, Construction Manager, Construction Superintendent, General Contractor, Job Superintendent, Project Executive, Project Manager, Project Superintendent Tasks Confer with supervisory personnel, owners, contractors, or design professionals to discuss and resolve matters, such as work procedures, complaints, or construction problems. See more occupations related to this task. Plan, schedule, or coordinate construction project activities to meet deadlines. See more occupations related to this task. Prepare and submit budget estimates, progress reports, or cost tracking reports. See more occupations related to this task. Inspect or review projects to monitor compliance with building and safety codes, or other regulations. See more occupations related to this task. Inspect or review projects to monitor compliance with environmental regulations. Skills Active Listening Critical Thinking 4 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2015. All rights reserved. Speaking Complex Problem Solving Coordination Student Tasks Students will research the different codes, ethics, and laws associated with their field of study. Students will create an infographic illustrating the four different types codes related to local, state, and federal regulations. Students will add an infographic to their professional portfolio. Accommodations for Learning Differences It is important that lessons accommodate the needs of every learner. These lessons may be modified to accommodate your students with learning differences by referring to the files found on the Special Populations page of this website (cte.unt.edu). Preparation Secure computer lab if one is not readily available. Copy the handout sheets and rubrics for the students. Have materials ready to go prior to the start of the lesson. Have a list of codes, ethics, and laws handy to refer to during lecture. Instructional Aids Student handouts Multimedia presentations Materials Needed Copies of all handouts in this unit Equipment Needed Teacher computer Projector (for digital presentation) Introduction Learner Preparation Ask students, “What do you know about the codes, ethics, or laws related to construction management?” Ask students “Why do we need to follow codes related to local, state, and federal regulations?” Tell students about specific codes and regulations related to construction. Have students write the steps on how to enter the school and get to this classroom if they were in a wheelchair. View the video first and decide what sections you want to show the class as an introduction to universal design and codes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i-Jyusw0RSk 5 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2015. All rights reserved. Discuss the video and Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). Lesson Introduction Tell students that when you construct a design you are legally responsible for being aware of and implementing applicable local, state, or federal codes. Have the students fill out the “Codes, Ethics, and Laws” handout with the multi media presentation. Give students the “Sites for Codes and Regulations” handout. Outline MI Outline Assignment Outline: I. Introduction to Codes Ethics and Laws: a. Class discussion b. List steps on how to enter school and go to the classroom using a wheelchair c. Introduction video on universal design and codes related to Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) d. Discuss video II. Notes Codes, Ethics and Laws: A. Codes and Federal Regulations B. Codes 1. Purposes 2. Types C. Model Building Codes D. Electrical Codes E. Life Safety and Fire Codes F. Residential codes G. Federal Regulations 1. ADA 2. Fair Housing Act 3. OSHA H. Ethics 1. What are they? 2. Common Workplace Ethics III. Codes and Regulations Infographic Project A. Directions Instructor Notes Copy handouts and grading rubrics. Ask students to describe what a home would look like for a person who uses a wheelchair. Explain that you are legally responsible for being aware of and implementing applicable local, state, or federal codes. Teacher will hand out “Codes, Ethics, and Laws” student notes sheets and go over the material using the multimedia presentation. Teacher will lead the discussion of material using multimedia presentations for codes, ethics, and laws. Teacher will hand out 6 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2015. All rights reserved. 1. Create an infographic using federal regulations and the four types of building codes B. Grading 1. Four example of codes 2. One example of a federal law C. Project must have: 1. One example of model building code 2. One example of electrical code 3. One example of life safety or fire code 4. One example of residential code 5. One example of federal law sites for codes and regulations. Students will complete notes with the multimedia presentation. Go over all the criteria in the assignment “Codes and Regulations: Infographic Project” and check for understanding. Explain the guidelines. Have students research codes and federal regulations that must be followed when building and designing a home. Create infographic. Multiple Intelligences Guide Existentialist Interpersonal Intrapersonal Kinesthetic/ Bodily Logical/ Mathematical Musical/ Rhythmic Naturalist Verbal/Linguistic Visual/Spatial Application Guided Practice Using the digital presentation, the teacher will go over the requirements of this project. The student will follow along and make notes on their hard copy. Ask students to think about how they would design their infographic. They need to complete research before they start. Show samples of infographics. Independent Practice Students will work at their own paces to complete this activity. All work is to be done in class so the teacher can check for understanding. 7 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2015. All rights reserved. Summary Review Review codes, ethics, and laws specific to chosen careers. Why must we follow codes and laws? What are two ethics in the workplace everyone should have? Evaluation Informal Assessment Instructor will observe students during Independent Practice. Instructor will assist students as needed. Formal Assessment Use the Codes and Regulations Infographic rubric to evaluate. 8 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2015. All rights reserved. Name: Date: Codes, Ethics, and Laws Notes I. Codes and ____________________________________ Interior designers are ____________________________ for being aware of and _______________________ applicable local, state, or federal codes. _________________ regulations are mandated by law and required regardless of _______________________. A. __________________ of Codes Ensure public ______________________________ throughout a building. Most have come into play “after-the-fact” as a __________________________________________ They are primarily _______________________with o ____________________________requirements o ____________________materials or equipment used in the building o 75% of all codes and standards deal with ____________ o _________________________ conservation o _______________________ B. ________________________________ of Building Codes Model ____________________________ Electrical Codes ______________________ and Fire Codes _____________________codes 1. Model Building _______________ Purpose – define ________________________________ and limit use of _____________________ materials 9 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2015. All rights reserved. Common Codes o ___________________________ (NBC) published by Building Officials Code Administration (BOCA) o Standard Building Code (___________) published by Southern Building Code Congress International (SBCCI) o _________________Building Code (UBC) published by the International Conference of Building Officials (ICBO) ________________________ Building Code o Published by the International Code Council o First established in ___________and published in 2000 o Most current edition is 2012 with a new edition expected in 2015 o _____________________ are no longer being updated; IBC is updated every three years o Some MS _____________________adopted the code in 2003 o This code has now replaced the three model codes It’s important to ______________________ o At the start of every project, ______________ and which edition of the code is being _________in the jurisdiction of your project C. __________________ Codes Purpose – define ______________requirements for these specialties Common Codes o ______________________________ (NEC) published by National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) D. Life Safety and __________________________ Purpose – establish _____________________________ for fire safety Common Codes - ________________ Codes o __________ and NFPA now include fire codes o IFC ___________________Fire Code o UFC _________________ Fire Code (NFPA 1 ®) o These address ___________________________ in relation to hazardous conditions that could cause a fire or _______________________ o Designers will address chapters on: 10 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2015. All rights reserved. Interior _________________________ _______________________and Decorative Materials Common Codes – _________________________ Code (LSF, or NFPA 101®) o One of the first codes published by __________ o Revised ____________________________ o 2003, 2006, 2009,2012 and 2015 versions o It is NOT a building code; it focuses on __________________or evacuation of all persons from a building by protecting them from fire, smoke, and toxic fumes o Uses the _________________________ Format. First section concentrates on broad topics, description of occupancies, means of egress and fire protection o Second part is divided into chapters by ________________________________ for new and existing buildings E. __________________ Codes Purpose – define construction requirements in one and two_____________________________ Common Codes o _____________________Residential Code (IRC) o First available in _________________ o Based on the former _______________________-Family Dwelling Code o Applies to construction of ____________________, duplex and townhouses F. Federal _________________________ A number of federal agencies and departments work with trade associations, private companies and the general public to ______________________________________ for building construction These regulations are published in the ___________________________ (FR) and the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Published daily, but not all rules are ______________________________laws Once they have been passed into law, they are published in the __________________annually 11 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2015. All rights reserved. The federal government regulates_______________________ Federal buildings have their own regulations and do not use state or model codes (VA hospitals, ____________________, etc.) They can pass federal legislation creating a law that _____________________________ all other state and local codes and standards; the ADA is an example o _______________________________________ Act (ADA) Developed by the Dept. of _________________ 4-part federal legislation become law on July 26th, ____________________ __________________________ in 1992 and 1993. Is a comprehensive civil rights law that protects individuals with _______________________ in the are of _____________________ (Title 1) State and Local gov’t services and ___________________________ (Title II) Public ___________________________ and commercial facilities (Title III) o _______________________________ (Title IV) ___________________________ Act Federal legislation enforced by the Department of Housing and Urban Development __________ Protects the consumer from discrimination in housing when ____________________________ Pertains to housing with four or more dwelling units As of 1991, these buildings must have accessible public and common areas and ground floor units must be accessible and meet specific construction requirements o The FHA is often considered the residential version of the ADA Occupational _________________________ Act (OSHA) OSHA Passed in 1970 to protect the American employee in the _____________________ 12 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2015. All rights reserved. It regulates the _________________________ and interior projects where people are employed Employer must furnish a safe working _______________________or can be fined It also stresses the safe __________________ of materials and equipment to ensure the safety of construction workers II. Ethics A. ________________________ ethics? In the simplest terms, the word “ethics” refers to the application __________________________________ in the way that we conduct our individual or group behavior ____________________ is something you either have or you don’t have Ethics is something that is _____________________________ throughout one's life B. Common Workplace Ethics Punctuality _________________ _________________ and Loyalty _________________ _________________ _________________ 13 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2015. All rights reserved. Sites for Codes and Regulations www.iccsafe.org - International Code Council www.nationalcodes.ca/nbc/index_e.shtml - National Building Code of Canada www.hud.gov/offices/fheo/FHLaws - Department of Housing and Urban Development www.osha.gov/oshinfo/mission.html - Occupational Safety and Health Administration www.usdoj.gov/crt/ada/adahom1.htm - Americans with Disabilities Act www.nfpa.org/index.asp - National Fire Protection Association 14 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2015. All rights reserved. Codes and Regulations Infographic Project Directions • Create an infographic using building codes and federal laws pertaining to construction management. • Project must include: – One example of building codes – One example of electrical codes – One example of life safety and fire codes – One example of residential codes – One example of federal regulations/laws 15 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2015. All rights reserved. Codes and Regulations Infographic Project Rubric Name: ____________________________________ Teacher: __________________________________ Criteria 0-5 6-10 Points 11-15 16-20 More than two errors Two errors One error No errors; everything is correct More than two errors Details Very little detail is provided for the main idea and understanding is limited. More detail is needed for understanding; some items are distracting. Detail is added to support each main idea with minimal clutter. Details including labels support main ideas without distracting clutter. Very little detail is provided for the main idea and understanding is limited. Content Accuracy Less than two accurate codes are displayed. Two accurate codes are displayed. Three accurate codes are displayed. At least four codes are displayed in the infographic. Less than two accurate codes are displayed. Graphics Relevance Graphics do not relate to the topic. All graphics relate to the topic but do not represent the information appropriately. Most graphics represent the information appropriately. All graphics represent information appropriately. Graphics do not relate to the topic. Graphics - Visual Color, shape, size, and arrangement are distracting or misleading. Color, shape, size, and arrangement are present but do not add to the information. Color, shape, size, and arrangement are eye-catching and contribute some meaning. Color, shape, size, and arrangement of graphics contribute meaning to the overall message. Color, shape, size, and arrangement are distracting or misleading. Design is distractingly messy, unattractive, or very poorly designed. Design is acceptably attractive though it may be a bit messy. Design is attractive in terms of design, layout, and neatness. The design is neat, clear, and visually appealing. Design is distractingly messy, unattractive, or very poorly designed. Mechanics Design/Layout Teacher Comments: 16 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2015. All rights reserved.