Document 13503884

```MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Problem Set No. 6
6.630 Electromagnetics
Issued: Week 7
Fall Term 2006
Due:
Week 8
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------Reading assignment: Section 2.1, 2.2; J. A. Kong, “Electromagnetic Wave Theory”.
Problem P6.1
A break in a high-voltage DC power line occurs at z = 0 at time t = 0 , as shown
in Fig.1. The line was carrying a DC voltage Vo and DC current Io before the break
occurred. Assume that the tree is non-conducting.
Power line
Power line
Tree
Wind
Fig. 1
(a) Sketch I and V on the line at some time t after the break has occurred, but before
any reﬂections from the source and load ends. The characteristic impedance of the line
is Z0 .
(b) Consider a 600 kV line, carrying a power of 103 megawatts, with a characteristic
impedance of 500 Ω (two-wire line). What is the peak voltage on the line after the
break occurs?
Problem P6.2
A very long transmission line with characteristic impedance Z0 and wave velocity
v = c has a shunt resistor of unknown vlue RL at an unknown location z = . A
measurement of the voltage at the input, V0 (t) , with a unit step generator applied to the
line, yields the result shown in Fig. 2.
V +’
V+
V_
Z o
+
Zo ,v
u(t)
−
V (t)
z =
z=0
∞
RL
z
V  (t)




10
-8
sec
t
Fig. 2
(a) What is ?
(b) What is RL ?
(c) Sketch the voltage and current distribution on the line at the time t = 1.5/v .
```