# Mathematics 366 Problems 1) 2) ```Mathematics 366
Problems
A. Hulpke
1) Show that a factor group of a cyclic group is cyclic.
2) Let G be a group and A, B C G. Show that A ∩ B C G.
3) Let F = Z5 and Q = F[x]/(x2 + 3). Let z be the image of x in Q under the natural homomorphism and
calculate z + 1/z.
4) Let G be the symmetry group of a tetrahedron. Determine the stabilizer of a face and representatives of
the cosets.
5) Let G = hai be a finite cyclic group and H ≤ G.
Let m &gt; 0 be minimal, such that am ∈ H and let b = ak ∈ H. Assume that k = qm + r. Show that ar ∈ H.
Conclude that H = ham i. (This shows that every subgroup of a cyclic group is cyclic.)
6) Let G be a group. We define the center of G as
Z := {x ∈ G | xg = gx for all g ∈ G}
(Note that the definition differs from that of the centralizer: g is not a fixed element, but the condition must
hold for every g ∈ G.)
a) Show that Z ≤ G.
b) Show that Z C G.
7) Let R = {2 &middot; a | 0 ≤ a ≤ 14} = {0, 2, 4, 6, 8, . . . , 28} with arithmetic modulo 30.
a) Show that 16 is the identity element of R. (Hint: You must show 2 &middot; a &middot; 16 mod 30 = 2 &middot; a.)
b) Determine the inverse of 8 in R.
c) Let U be the group of units in R. Is U cyclic?
8) Let G be a group and N C G with [G : N] = 2. Also let H ≤ G with N 6≤ H. Show that [H : H ∩ N] = 2.
9) Let a = (1, 3, 5, 2) and b = (1, 5)(2, 4). Calculate b−1 ab and a−1 ba.
10)
Let G be a group, H ≤ G and x ∈ G. We define a set H x by:
H x := xHx−1 = {xhx−1 | h ∈ H}
Show that H x ≤ G.
11)
Let N C G and A C G/N. Let M = {g ∈ G | Ng ∈ A}. Show that M C G and that N ≤ M.
12) Let G = h(1, 2, 3, 4, 5), (2, 3)(4, 5)i be the group of symmetries (rotations and reflections) of a pentagon
and H = h(2, 3)(4, 5)i. Determine representatives for the cosets of H in G.
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