Workshop on International Law, Natural Resources and Sustainable Development Environmental Justice and Natural Resources: The identification of principles and rules that should be applied to fairly distribute environmental benefits and burdens related to access, use and enjoyment of natural resources Dominique Hervé Diego Protales University, Santiago The concept of environmental justice promotes equitable distribution of environmental benefits and burdens within society and also the meaningful involvement of communities in environmental decision-making. Traditionally, environmental justice rules have been considered mainly for land-use planning. This paper, instead, will identify relevant international and national principles and rules that are based in any of the elements and dimensions of environmental justice but are applicable to natural resources. Indeed, regulation of access, use and enjoyment of natural resources is a key part of the legal system for the analysis not only of the distribution of environmental burdens, but also of ecological services and environmental benefits. The environmental justice perspective is particularly important in a society where economic development is mainly based on the use and exploitation of natural resources, such as Chile. The objective of this paper is to identify the various international and national rules that must be considered to evenly distribute the burdens and environmental benefits derived from activities that use and enjoy natural resources.