Workshop on International Law, Natural Resources and Sustainable Development Establishing a Meaningful Human Rights Due Diligence Process for Corporations: Learning from Experience of Human Rights Impact Assessment James Harrison School of Law, University of Warwick The United Nations Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Business and Human Rights, Prof John Ruggie, has constructed a new international framework, which is set to become the cornerstone for all action on human rights and business at the international level. The principle of human rights due diligence (HRDD) is the central component of the corporate duty to respect human rights within that framework. This presentation is based on a published article (available on open access here) which evaluates HRDD. The article argues that Ruggie’s HRDD principle contains the majority of the core procedural elements that a reasonable human rights impact assessment (HRIA) process should incorporate. It is likely that the majority of corporations will adopt HRIA as a mechanism for meeting their due diligence responsibilities. But, in the context of the contentious debate around corporate human rights performance, the current state of the art of HRIA gives rise to concerns about the credibility and robustness of likely practice. Additional requirements are therefore essential if HRDD is to have a significant impact on corporate human rights performance – requirements in relation to transparency; external participation and verification; and independent monitoring and review. The presentation will also consider the particular issues that arise in relation to the application of the principle of HRDD in the extractive sector, and explore some of the current practice in relation to HRIA in that field.