Lab Standard/Hazard Communication Training MTU Dept. of Chemistry November 17, 2006

Lab Standard/Hazard
Communication Training
MTU Dept. of Chemistry
November 17, 2006
Lab Standard/HazComm
Lab Standard vs. Hazard Communication
Who is required to have training:
“Under OSHA, the term ‘worker’ refers to everyone who
receives an employer paycheck for their work.
MTU safety policies require OSHA-mandated safety
training and compliance measures to be applied to
unpaid workers such as visiting scholars/scientists,
graduate students that do not receive a University
paycheck, and undergraduate students involved in
University sponsored work other than registered courses.”
MIOSHA Lab Standard
What is in the “Lab Standard?”
• Definitions
• Permissible exposure limits
• Exposure monitoring
• Chemical hygiene plan
• Employee information and training
• Medical surveillance
• Hazard identification
• Use of respiratory protection
• Recordkeeping
• Availability of rules and appendices
MIOSHA Lab Standard
What is in the “Lab Standard?”
MIOSHA Lab Standard
Where can I find the “Lab Standard?”
• A paper copy is available in the chemistry office
• A pdf copy is on the chemistry web site.
• On the web:
CH Dept Chemical
Hygiene Plan
The chemical hygiene plan shall include each of the
following elements and shall indicate specific
measures that the employer will take to ensure
laboratory employee protection:
(a) Standard operating procedures relevant to safety
and health considerations to be followed when
laboratory work involves the use of hazardous chemicals.
(b) Criteria that the employer will use to determine and
implement control measures to reduce employee
exposure to hazardous chemicals, including
engineering controls, the use of personal protective
equipment, and hygiene practices.
CH Dept Chemical
Hygiene Plan
(c) A requirement that laboratory-type hoods and other
protective equipment are functioning properly and the
specific measures that shall be taken to ensure the proper
and adequate performance of such equipment.
(d) Provisions for employee information and training as
prescribed in R 325.70107.
(e) The circumstances under which a particular laboratory
operation, procedure, or activity shall require prior
approval from the employer or the employer's designee
before implementation.
CH Dept Chemical
Hygiene Plan
(f) Provisions for medical consultation and medical
examinations in accordance with R 325.70108.
(g) Designation of personnel who are responsible for
implementing the chemical hygiene plan, including the
assignment of a chemical hygiene officer and, if
appropriate, establishment of a chemical hygiene
(h) Provisions for additional employee protection for work
with particularly hazardous substances, such as select
carcinogens, reproductive toxins, and substances that
have a high degree of acute or chronic toxicity.
CH Dept Chemical
Hygiene Plan
(h) (cont.) Specific consideration shall be given to the
following provisions, which shall be included where
(i) The establishment of a designated area or areas
that indicate the physical limits of exposure to
particularly hazardous substances.
(ii) The use of containment devices, such as
laboratory-type hoods or glove boxes.
(iii) Procedures for the safe removal of contaminated
(iv) Decontamination procedures.
CH Dept Chemical
Hygiene Plan
Where can I find the CHP?
• A paper copy is available in every laboratory
• A paper copy is available in the chemistry office
Permissible Exposure
What are permissible exposure limits?
“Time-weighted average (TWA)” means the
employee’s average airborne exposure in any 8-hour
workshift of a 40-hour workweek that shall not be
“Short-term exposure limit (STEL)” means the
employee’s 15-minute, time-weighted average
exposure which shall not be exceeded at any time
during a workday….
“Ceiling” means the employee’s exposure which shall
not be exceeded during any part of the workday.
Permissible Exposure
Where can I find permissible exposure limits?
• A paper copy is available in the chemistry office
• A pdf copy is available on the department web site
Exposure Symptoms
What are symptoms of exposure to
hazardous chemicals?
Chemical and dose-specific
Difficulties in breathing
Lightheadedness, Dizziness
Vision abnormalities
Changes in skin color
Coordination problems
Irritation (eyes, skin)
Nausea, fever
Dry throat
Reference Materials
CH Department chemical inventory
MTU HazCom program on OSHA web site
Merck Index
Chemical reagent catalogs
Handbook of Chemical Health and Safety
Hazardous Laboratory Chemicals Disposal
Reference Materials
ACS publications:
Safety in Academic Chemistry Laboratories
• Vol 1 Accident Prevention for Students
• Vol 2 Accident Prevention for Faculty
The ACS Guide for Chemical Spill Response
Planning in Laboratories
Every student working in research labs
should have these!
Detection of Chemicals
Employer monitoring
• Exposure monitoring is required by the Lab Standard
“…if there is reason to believe that exposure levels…
routinely exceed…the permissible exposure limits (PEL).”
• MTU has no system for exposure monitoring
Continuous monitoring devices
• MTU has no system for continuous monitoring
Visual appearance
Physical and Health
Identify chemicals in immediate environment
• Chemical inventory (lab)
• Identification or content labels (non-lab)
MSDS or other reference
Combustible liquid
Compressed gas
Organic peroxide
Protective Measures
Work procedures
• Plan for handling/storage
• Plan for waste disposal
Emergency procedures
• Plan for a spill
• Plan for decontamination
Personal protective equipment
• Chemically resistant gloves
• Proper eye/face protection
• Leg/foot coverage
• Do NOT use respirator/gas mask
CH Dept Chemical
Hygiene Plan
What is in the CHP specific to MTU?
• Requirement for lab-specific SOPs
• Labeling system for chemical reagents
Do not use wax pencil markings, abbreviations,
formulas only, code names, or numbers.
MTU Hazard Communications labeling rules
CH Dept Chemical
Hygiene Plan
The labels on all containers will include:
• The identity of the hazardous chemical(s);
• Appropriate hazard warnings or combination of words,
pictures, and symbols that provide at least general
information regarding the hazards of the chemicals,
and which, in conjunction with the other information
immediately available to employees under the hazard
communication program, will provide employees with
the specific information regarding the physical and
health hazards.
• The hazard warnings and information must also be in
accordance with the labeling requirements of any
substance-specific standards applicable to the chemical.
Lab Standard/Hazard
Communication Training
Haz Comm form:
• Print and sign your name
• Fill in date
• Turn in to me today