G M A C

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Greater Manchester Against Crime
Using GIS to understand drugs and
drug markets
Introduction
• Keywords – commissioning & street
level up approach
• Describe the process of commissioning
this analysis
• Demonstrate the relevance of using GIS
• Briefly discuss some of the local and
regional business benefits of this
approach..
Background & context
• Traditional approach v street level up
approach
• Establish level of understanding in 10
CDRPs / 12 Police BCUs
• Build “level 1” picture to develop and
inform “level 2” understanding
• Use factual data to relate to community
safety and crime reduction targets..
Commissioning process
• GMAC PBM business cycle
• Develop commissioning guidance
– Questions – desired outcomes
– Data sources and panel of experts
• Central co-ordination and support
• Revisit commissioning for GM profile
– Needs to complement and add value to
local understanding..
Planning Cycle
Sept
PBG
Critical Read
Strategic
Assessment
Strategic Partnership Business Group
Tactical Partnership Business Group
Review Progress
on Delivery
PBG
SPBG
PBG
PBG
Strategic
Assessment
Review &
Preparation
for SPBG
PBG
Opportunity
Strategy
P.I.E.
Delivery
Plans +
SARA
PBG
June
SPBG
Dec
Commissioning
SPBG
Strategic Update
Strategic Update
PBG
PBG
March
PBG
PBG
SPBG
Strategic Review
PBG
PBG
Commissioning questions
•
What is the scale of problematic drug use in Greater Manchester?
•
What is the impact of problematic drug use on crime rates?
•
Where are the markets? Are they open or closed?
available?
•
How does drug use affect or determine crime hotspots?
•
What is the impact of problematic drug use on communities and how is
this determined?
•
What are the known dealer networks? How do they work? How large is
the knowledge gap?
What drugs are
Commissioning questions
•
What are the implications of drug within GM Prisons? Are there drug
networks within prisons?
•
What impact does Manchester Airport have on Greater Manchester
drug markets?
•
Treatment / harm reduction: What? Where? How is it integrated? What
impact?
•
Prevention: What? Where? How is it integrated? What impact?
•
Enforcement: What? Where? How is it integrated? What impact?
•
Intelligence: What? Where? How is it integrated? What impact?
•
Are there local examples of good practice?
Data sources used
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10 local profiles
Prevalence study
National Drug Treatment Monitoring System data
Drug Intervention Programme (DIRWEB)
Custody data
Crime and Incident data
VLI
Probation OASys
Criminal intelligence
HM Customs and Excise
Prisons
No. of People Presenting For Treatment 03/04
All Trigger Offences, April 04 – March 05
Trigger Offences –
Excluding Town Centre Crimes
Trigger Offences –
Excluding Airport & Town Centre Crimes
All Handling Crimes, April 04 – March 05
Handling – Excluding Town Centre Crimes
Greater Manchester VLI
VLI – Potentially Most Vulnerable Localities
MDT – All Positive Tests, April 04 – March 05
MDT – Positive Test For Opiates
MDT – Positive Test For Cocaine
MDT – Positive For Both Opiates and Cocaine
Probation Service OASys Risk Assessments:
All Offenders Where (Any) Current Class A Drug
Misuse Identified
(Any) Current Class A Drug Misuse AND Overall
Risk Of Reconviction Is High
Current Heroin Misuse
Current Crack Cocaine Misuse
Current Misuse Of Heroin And Crack Cocaine
Together
DAILY Current Misuse Of Heroin and Crack Cocaine
Together
Revisit ‘location’ questions
•
Where are the markets?
available?
•
How does drug use affect or determine crime hotspots?
•
Treatment / harm reduction: What? Where? How is it integrated? What
impact?
•
Prevention: What? Where? How is it integrated? What impact?
•
Enforcement: What? Where? How is it integrated? What impact?
•
Intelligence: What? Where? How is it integrated? What impact?
–
Are they open or closed?
What drugs are
What are the known dealer networks? How do they work? How large is the
knowledge gap?
Business benefits
• Understand drug markets in the context of
crime and community
• Challenge existing and historical resource
decisions
• Focus current and future activity
• Direct and inform strategic commissioning of
services
• Prioritise level 2 and 3 law enforcement
activity
www.gmac.org.uk
[email protected]
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