PLEASE NOTE this is a 2013 reading list—the precise content may change in future years. Term 1, Weeks 1 & 2 Topic: Space and Time Questions for discussion: I am not expecting you to answer any direct questions on space, time, or space-time in the exam or in essays. When I started thinking about these related subjects I wanted to make a very simple point - one meant to colour your later reading within the specific realm of World Politics. That point is to emphasise from the outset of the module that the world around us is socially constructed. I want to illustrate that it is not possible to understand world politics in the absence of an appreciation that the world we live in is a world of relationships (and therefore of power). In my view (and I should say at the outset that there are many who would disagree) there are no immutable 'facts'. Everything we know and understand is a consequence of social interaction. There is almost nothing written (directly) on the subject of Time within the field of Political Science. In fact, most of the literature in this area seems to have been written by the Geographers, the Philosophers, and the Sociologists. A similar story emerges in relaton to Space - although more work has been done on this (for example, the literature on 'natural' resources and geopolitics). Indeed, sovereignty and power, perhaps the two key concepts in International Relations, are entirely reliant for their force on assumptions regarding space-time. So, what I am gently prodding you with is the notion that not only is the world socially constructed, and thus space and time contested (and, hence, 'political') but that in order to fully appreciate the complexity of World Politics you would be well advised to look beyond the literature on Politics & IR. Read the Geography journals; immerse yourself in Philosophy; wallow in Sociology and History. Above all challenge yourself to think critically about the literature on World Politics / International Relations: don't take it at face value. Core Reading Space Have a look at Oxfam's campaign against land-grabbing. There are some interesting links - including a recent briefing paper entitled 'Land and Power'. Have a look at Stuart Elden's blog, Progressive Geographies. Stuart is a leading scholar of Space / Territory, and this link will bring up some recorded lectures which cover, in more depth, some of the material introduced in my lecture. Luckily for us, Stuart has recently re-joined the department so you should keep an eye on his staff webpage. Thanks to Ciaran O'Connor for telling me about this visual representation of the link between space and time: A History of the World in 100 Seconds Something from the BBC on the social costs of digital mapping technology. Recommended Readings: Agnew, John, ‘The Territorial Trap’, Review of International Political Economy, 1(1), 1994 Branch, Jordan, 'Mapping the Sovereign State: Technology, Authority, and Systemic Change', International Organization, 65(1), 2011, 1-36. Charnock, G., 'The Space of International Political Economy : On Scale and its Limits', Politics, 30(2), 2010, 79-90. Vaughan-Williams, Nick, 'The Generalised Bio-political Border? Re-conceptualising the Limits of Sovereign Power',Review of International Studies, 35(4), 2009, 729-49. Additional Readings: Special Issue of Geopolitics. 15(4), 2010. Five or 6 articles celebrating / responding / updating Agnew’s original piece on the ‘territorial trap’. Also includes a response from Agnew. Berezin, , Mabel, and Martin Schain (eds), Europe Without Borders: Remapping Territory, Citizenship, and Identity in a Transnational Age, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003. Brenner, Neil, 'Beyond State-Centrism? Space, Territoriality, and Geographical Scale in Globalization Studies',Theory and Society, 28, 1999, 39-78. Brenner, Neil et al (eds), State/Space: A Reader, Blackwell, 2002. Davies, Matt, and Michael Niemann, 'The Everyday Spaces of Global Politics: Work, Leisure and Family', New Political Science, 24(4), 2002, 557-77. Elden, Stuart, 'Territorial Integrity and the War on Terror', Environment and Planning A, 37(12), 2005, 2083-104. Elden, Stuart, Terror and Territory: The Spatial Extent of Sovereignty, University of Minnesota Press, 2009. Friedland, Roger, and Deirdre Boden (eds), NowHere: Space, Time and Modernity, University of California Press, 1994. Giddens, Anthony, The Nation State and Violence, Polity, 1985. Kern, Stephen, The Culture of Time and Space 1880-1918, Harvard University Press, 1983. Macartney, Huw, and Stuart Shields, 'Space, the Latest Frontier? A Scalar-Relational Approach to Critical IPE', in Stuart Shields, Ian Bruff and Huw Macartney (eds), Critical International Political Economy: Dialogue, Debate and Dissensus (Palgrave, 2011), 27-42. Massey, Doreen, 'A Global Sense of Place', Marxism Today, June 1991. Massey, Doreen, For Space, Sage, 2005. Morris-Suzuki, Tessa, Re-inventing Japan: Time, Space, Nation, M.E. Sharpe, 1998. O Tuathail, Gearoid et al (eds), The Geopolitics Reader, Routledge, 1998. Paul, T.V. et al (eds), The Nation-State in Question, Princeton, 2003. Peck, J. and A. Tickell, 'Neoliberlizing Space', Antipode, 34(3), 2002, 380-404. Ruggie, John, 'Territoriality and Beyond: Problematizing Modernity in International Relations', International Organization, 47(1), 1993, 139-74. Smith, Neil, 'Contours of a Spatialized Politics: Homeless Vehicles and the Production of Geographical Scale', Social Text, 33, 1992, pp. 54-81. Taylor, Peter J., 'The State as Container: Territorialty in the Modern World System', Progress in Human Geography, 18(2), 1994, 151-62. Taylor, Peter J., 'Beyond Containers: Internationality, Interstateness, Interterritoriality', Progress in Human Geography, 19(1), 1995, 1-15. Vasquez, John A., and Marie T. Henehan, Territory, War and Peace, Routledge, 2010. Walker, R.B.J., After the Globe, Before the World, Routledge, 2009. Wallerstein, Immanuel, Unthinking Social Science: The Limits of Nineteenth-Century Paradigms, Polity, 1991. Wilson, Japhy, 'Colonising Space: The New Economic Geography in Theory and Practice', New Political Economy, 16(3), 2011, 373-97. Time [Note: I haven't separated these out into 'recommended' and 'additional' readings, simply because there are no easy starting points. Have a look at this material in your own time and space....] This is a nice animation to get started with: The Secret Powers of Time. Another nice animation; and one that will become increasingly relevant as time passes.... Procrastination Bell, Duncan (ed.) Memory, Trauma and World Politics: Reflections on the Relationship between Past and Present, Palgrave, 2010. Blaney, David L., and Naeem Inayatullah, ‘Undressing the Wound of Wealth: Political Economy as a Cultural Project’, in Jacqueline Best and Matthew Paterson (eds), Cultural Political Economy, Routledge, 2010, pp. 29-47. Conrad, Sebastian, 'What Time Is Japan? Problems of Comparative (Intercultural) Historiography', History and Theory, 38(1), 1999, pp. 67-83. Edkins, Jenny, Trauma and the Memory of Politics, Cambridge University Press, 2003. Friedland, Roger, and Deirdre Boden (eds), NowHere: Space, Time and Modernity, University of California Press, 1994. Hall, Edward T., The Dance of Life: The Other Dimension of Time, Anchor Books, 1983. Hay, Colin, Political Analysis: A Critical Introduction, Chapter 4. Hom, Andrew R., 'Hegemonic Metronome: The Ascendancy of Western Standard Time', Review of International Studies, 36(4), 2010, 1145-70. Hutchings, Kimberly, Time and World Politics: Thinking the Present, Manchester University Press, 2008. Kern, Stephen, The Culture of Time and Space 1880-1918, Harvard University Press, 1983. Nowotny, Helga, Time: The Modern and Postmodern Experience, Polity, 1994. Pierson, Paul, Politics in Time: History, Institutions, and Social Analysis, Princeton, 2004. Pollitt, Christopher, Time, Policy, Management: Governing with the Past, Oxford University Press, 2008 Postone, Moishe, Time, Labor, and Social Domination, Cambridge University Press, 1993. Vaughan-Williams, Nick, The Shooting of Jean Charles de Menezes: New Border Politics?, Alternatives: Global, Local, Political, 32, 2007, 177-195. Wallerstein, Immanuel, Unthinking Social Science: The Limits of Nineteenth-Century Paradigms, (Polity, 1991).