# Lab Information -- Direct Current Machine Experiments

```Lab Information -- Direct Current Machine Experiments
EXPERIMENT NO. 13
SPEED CONTROL OF DC MOTORS
PURPOSE:
To study and compare the various methods of speed control of DC motors.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:
1. One DM-100 DC Machine as motor.
2. One SLA-100 Strobe Tachometer.
3. One 0 to 150 volt DC voltmeter.
4. One 0 to 0.5 amp DC ammeter.
5. One 0 to 125 volt/5 amp DC power supply.
PROCEDURE:
1. Connect the DC motor as shown in Figure 13. Adjust its field rheostat to its minimum
resistance fully CCW position.
2. Have the instructor check your connections. Start the motor by slowly increasing the supply
voltage to 125 volts DC.
3. Using the field rheostat, adjust the motor's speed to 2400 RPM. Record the field current for
various speeds from 2400 RPM down to the full shunt speed. The DC armature voltage should
be maintained at 125 volts DC.
4. Leaving the field rheostat in its minimum resistance position, record the voltage and speed for
various settings of the DC supply voltage from 125 volt DC to zero volts.
REPORT:
1. Show the data obtained.
2. On the same set of areas, plot the armature voltage and shunt field current as ordinates versus
the speed as abscissa.
3. All speed control methods are based on the basic principle that the speed of the motor is
directly proportional to the armature counter EMF and inversely proportional to the flux, i.e.:
S = kEc/ where S = speed
Ec = counter EMF
 = flux
k = constant
Does your curve support this principle?
4. Can the counter EMF ever be equal to the applied voltage in a motor? Explain.
FIGURE 13
```