Document 12034916

```Exercise 4) The text homework problems 2.4.4, 2.5.4, 2.6.4 are canceled. However, you will work on a
similar set of “by hand” problems in the lab. In preparation for that, use the Euler, Improved Euler, and
Runge Kutta pseudo-code below to estimate e’, as the solution to the initial value problem that we’ve used
exclusively in these notes, namely
y’(x)
y
(In the
• will be studying different initial value problems
In this exercise use just one step, ii I,
of si
iso, use the slope fields to illustrate how you fin’ and use the various k values which
are rates o c anges that get represented as slopes in the solution :raphs. Take one step to get from the
initial point (x0,y0) (0, 1) to the final point (x1,y1
(I,??
..:
—
)
V
4~ Euler pseudocode for
y’ (x) f(x, y)
~Vo) Yo
k f(x~i)
x
j+I
x+h
j
y+hk.
~‘~)
(i~ 2).)
/
V
II
340-0
I
I
3.5
II)
1?
I
k= &ccedil;co,
lii.’lTF
Ill/li
Ill
I1I~iffIlttl
I
IlIl,,,,,,
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3
y1’: ‘y04-kk
2.5
,
,
,
I
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Ill
/
1171171FF
It
0~a
fill
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t
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(1,1)
E’\$er.
1.5
-
- -
U.
—05
1,0177, 1.7802
4b) Improved Euler pseudocode:
(a, i’)
k~ f(x3~)
/c2 f(x+h,y+hk)
k1t fit8 ‘)“l.
k
lC2t ~~(&amp;,ItC)t
x
J
~-(k + 1c2)
I
x+h
j
y+hk
kt
4-(i~z) za
k(I~l):I S
2.5)
y1ty0+-k14
i.
i
(x~,y1) r c~,z.c)
IS
4c).
Runge-Kutta pseudocode:
k1
(.5.Y)
~r
h
h)
2’
‘
h
h
k3 4x+ 2’~ : Ic)
Ic4 f(x+h~.v+hk\
t
Ix
k
2
~J
Ic
x
jI
y
J
1
j
c(O~S
y+hk
Ij
(‘~,~D’—
2.708)
V =V
(&deg;,i.~
4
kA.61~frnDt
I I
I a’ I /1~1111?
I/stiff
fit / 1 it/f If fitif/tIt
k~t j-(,~+h,~-bk,)
~4 (.5, i~.c)
3.5 -1!? a’ I , I F I- t F S I I
a’
I 7 1 1 5
I,, / I iItI,,ItI)’I,I,,
.
&amp;. (oi.c, L~- .so.n)
t
LW~J~bIh4~
x+h
j
k,t
cLo.~u.
3)
1
j
I€#s.is4pofn1r
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7, ii???
7.7?
a’, a’,??
a’ I
2.5 7. .7 1 1!
iC4~• &amp;(1,
\4- L’~b1S)
I,, ft /
b
‘It it 1t
V2
‘it 7, 1t/F
kt
.7.’,
j.7o7
.7,
,
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.7.
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.7
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0
1.5
x
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