Kutztown University of Pennsylvania Department of Music MUP 231-235 (Ensemble) and MUP 236-254 (Private) Private and Ensemble Instruction in Applied Music Approved by Department: November 4, 2003 Course Description Instruction one half hour per week in voice, keyboard and orchestral instruments. This instruction will be offered consistent with student demand, availability of faculty and facilities. One semester hour. Course Objectives 1. To provide students with an opportunity to increase their skill in their performing medium. To include instruction in tone production and tone quality, improvement of intonation, problems of respiration and articulation, standard and alternate instrumental fingerings, types and styles of bowing, transposition, improved sight reading, techniques of memorization, effective methods of musical practice, increase of range and dynamic contrast, interpretation of embellishments, accents and melodic line. 2. To apply musical techniques appropriate to individual musical selections. 3. To develop a solo repertoire. 4. To foster musical performance and consistency of interpretation in the small ensemble. 5. To develop an awareness of musical literature for the solo performer and small ensemble. 6. To consider stylistic questions in relationship to music of specific composers and eras. 7. To analyze and evaluate musical works of high artistic merit 8. To evaluate the works of other performers, and to develop and refine the aesthetic response. 9. To learn world instruments through guest studio classes given each semester. Assessment Assessment of each student’s level of accomplishment with reference to the course objectives will be based upon the following: 1. Regular performance in individual lessons/rehearsals through oral and written critiques, with respect to preparation, technical advancement, general musicianship, and repertoire learned, among others. 2. Attendance at performance labs and on-campus concerts and performances. 3. Quality of performance in studio master classes, performance labs, student recitals, and ensemble concerts. 4. Performance in end-of-semester jury for private applied courses. A panel of faculty members will prepare adjudication sheets of the student’s jury including grades. The student’s teacher will compile the information and determine a final semester grade. The jury sheets will be kept in the student’s permanent record in the music office. The following are representative reference and instruction books for the voice, and keyboard and orchestral instruments. These and others are used according to their applicability to the needs of the student. Instructional Resources (reference books) Voice Bunch, M. Dynamics of the Singing Voice. NY: Springer-Verlag, 1982. Marshall, Madeleine. The Singer’s Manual of English Diction. NY: G. Schirmer, Inc., 1946. Proctor, D. Breathing, Speech, and Song. NY: Springer-Verlag, 1980. Schiotz, A. A Singer and His Art. NY: Harper & Row, 1970. Keyboard Sandor, Gyorgy. On Piano Playing. NY: G. Schirmer, 1981. Thorton, James. Woodwind Handbook. San Antonio TX: Southern Music Co. Flute Boehm, Theobald. The Flute and Flute Playing in Acoustical, Technical, and Artistic Aspects. NY: McGinnis and Marx, 1960. Oboe Sprankle, Robert and David Ledet. The Art of Oboe Playing. Evanston, IL: Summy-Birchard Publishing Co., 1958. Bassoon Spencer, William G. The Art of Bassoon Playing. Evanston, IL: Summy-Birchard Publishing Co., 1958. Clarinet Stein, Keith. The Art of Clarinet Playing. Evanston IL: Summy-Birchard Publishing Co., 1958 Saxophone Teal, Larry. The Art of Saxophone Playing. Evanston IL: Summy-Birchard Publishing Co., 1963. Brass Brass Anthology. Evanston IL: The Instrumentalist. Trumpet Bush, Irving R. Artistic Trumpet Technique and Study. Hollywood CA: Highland Music Company, 1962. French Horn Farkas, Philip. The Art of French Horn Playing: Treatise on the Problems and Techniques of French Horn Playing. Evanston IL: Summy-Birchard Publishing Co., 1956. Schuller, Gunther. Horn Technique. London: Oxford University Press, 1962. Trombone McDunn, Mark and Cliford Barnes. Trombone Artistry. Menosho, Wisconsin: Jeblanc Publications, Inc., 1965. Percussion Blades, James. Orchestral Percussion Teaching. London: Oxford University Press, 1961. Strings Green, Elizabeth. Orchestral Bowing and Routines, 2nd ed. Ann Arbor MI: University of Michigan Press, 1973. Hinkle, Ted. The String Teacher’s Handbook. NY: Carl Fischer, 1968. Nelson, Sheila M. The Violin Family. London: Dennis Dobson, 1964. Young, Phyllis. Playing the String Game. Austin TX: University of Texas Press, 1980. Viola The Spivakovsky Way of Bowing for Violinists and Violists. Pittsburgh: Volkwein Bros., Inc., 1949 Cello/Bass Hartley, Keith. Double Bass Solo, Vols 1 and 2. Oxford England, Oxford University Press, 1997. Klotman, Robert H. Teaching Strings, Second Ed. Belmont CA: Wadsworth Group, 1996. Lamb, Norman, and Susan J. Lamb Cook. Guide to Teaching Strings, Seventh Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2002. Marton, Anna. New Perspectives in Postion Playing for Violoncello. Bryn Mawr: Theodore Presser, 1999. Mooney, Rick. Thumb Position for Cello, Vols 1 and 2. Miami: Summy-Birchard Music, 2000. Morton, Mark. Dr. Morton’s Primer Scale and Arpeggio Fingerings for the Double Bass. Basso Profondo Publications, Ltd., 2001. Potter, Louis. The Art of Cello Playing. Evanston IL: Summy-Birchard Publishing Co., 1964. Krolick, Edward. Basic Principles of Double Bass Playing. Washington DC: Music Educators National Conference, 1957. Vance, George. Progressive Repertoire for the Double Bass, Vols 1-3. New York: Carl Fischer, 2000 Instructional Resources (instruction books) Garcia, M. Hints on Singing. Canoga Park CA: Summit Pub. Co., 1970. (London 1894) Lamperti. The Art of Singing. NY: G. Schirmer, Inc., 1947. Lehmann, L. How To Sing. NY: The Macmillan Co., 1944. Tetrazzini, L. and Caruso, E. The Art of Singing and How to Sing. NY: DaCapa Press, 1975. Vaccai. Practical Method. NY: G. Schirmer, Inc. Vennard, W. Singing: The Mechanism and Technic. NY: Fischer, 1967. Keyboard Bach, Johann Sebastian. Two Part Inventions. NY: G. Schirmer, Inc. Bartok, Bela. Mikrokosmos. NY: Boosey & Hawks, Inc., 1967. Beethoven, Ludwig von. Piano Sonatas. NY: G. Schirmer, Inc., 1894. Clementi, Muzio. The Art of Playing the Piano. NY: G. Schirmer, Inc., 1818. Czerny, Carl. School of Velocity. NY: G. Schirmer, Inc., 1893. Hanon, C.L. The virtuoso Pianist. Cummack NY: Edwin F. Kalmus. Macfarren, Walter. Scale and Arpeggio Manual for the Piano. NY: G. Schirmer, Inc., 1915. Flute Taffanel, Paul. Complete Flute Method. Paris: Alphonse Leduc. Oboe Bleuzet, L. Technique for Oboe, Books I, II, III. Paris: Alphonse Leduc. Bassoon Oubradous, F. Enseignment Complet. Paris: Alphonse Leduc. Weissenborn, Julius. Practical Bassoon Method. NY: Carl Fischer. Clarinet Klose, H. Celebrated Method for Clarinet. NY: Carl Fischer, 1946. Langenus, Gustave. Method of Clarinet. NY: Carl Fischer, 1923. Saxophone Klose and Gay. Method Complete pour Saxophone. Paris: Alphonse Leduc. Trrumpet Arban, Joseph. Complete Arban. NY: Carl Fischer, 1936. Glantz, Harry. 48 Etudes for the Advanced Trumpeter. NY: Charles Colin. Trombone Arban, J. and S. Mantia. Method for Trombone. Miami FL: Rubank, Inc., 1936. Tuba Bell, William. Foundation to Tuba and Sousaphone Playing. NY: Carl Fischer. Blazhivich, Vladislav. 70 Studies for Bbb Tuba, Vol. I and II. North Easton, MA: Robert King Publishing Co., 1955. Jacobs, Walter. Eby Scientific Method for Tuba. NY: Carl Fischer, 1958. Percussion Goldenberg, Morris. Modern School for Snare Drum. NY: Chappell, 1955. ________________ Modern School for Xylophone, Marimba, and Vibraphone. Chappell, 1950. Goodman, Saul. Modern Method for Timpani. NY: Mills Music, Inc., 1948. Violin Barlow, Betty. Fiddle Tunes for the Violinist. NY: Masco Music Pub. Co., 1977. Hrimaly Scale Studies. NY: G. Schirmer, Inc., 1905. Kreutzer 42 Caprices. NY: G. Schirmer, Inc., 1894, 1923. The Suzuki Violin School, Vol. 1-6. Evanston IL: Summy-Birchard Co., 1978. Viola Lifschey, Samuel. Scale and Arpeggio Studies. NY: G. Schirmer, Inc., 1939. Campagnoli. Forty-one Caprices for Viola. NY: G. Schirmer, Inc., 1944. Cello Schroder. Violoncello Method, Vol. I, II, III. NY: Carl Fischer, 1922. String Base Simandl, F. New Method for Double Bass, Bk. I, II. NY: Carl Fischer, 1914. Haggart, Bob. Bass Method. NY: Robbins Music Corporation, 1941.