Curriculum vitae Full name Born Nationality

Curriculum vitae for Truls NORBY
Full name: Norby, Truls Eivind
Born: 22 June 1955 Nationality: Norwegian
Degree: Dr. Scient., Inorganic Chemistry, University of Oslo, 1986
Present position: Professor, Dept. Chemistry, Univ. Oslo, since 1995
Experience: Post-doc 1987-92; Visiting Nordic assoc. professor 1993;
Assoc. professor at Univ. Oslo 1994; Full professor since 1995. Founded
NorECs Norwegian Electro Ceramics AS ( in 2001,
commercialising equipment and materials developed by Norwegian
academic materials research. Initiator and board member of Protia AS
2008. Established and heads FERMiO top-tier research group
(toppforskningsmiljø) as of 2007. See Visiting
scientist: Chalmers 1993, Aveiro 2002, Sydney (UWS & UNSW) 2009
Present research activities and fields of interest: Materials science; inorganic materials chemistry,
solid-state electrochemistry, ionics. Advanced ceramic materials, mainly oxides; their defect
structure, diffusivity, electrical properties and electrochemistry at high temperatures. Hydrogen
defects. Solid electrolytes (oxygen ion and proton conductors); Proton conducting solid oxide fuel
cells (PC-SOFCs), electrochemical reactors, pumps, sensors. Mixed conductors and electronic
conductors for membrane and electrode technologies. Thermoelectrics and entropy of charge
carriers. Nano-ionics. Current focus: Solubility and transport of neutral hydrogen, protons, and
hydride ions in oxidic materials. High and intermediate temperature proton conductors for fuel cells
and electrolysers. Novel electrodes and interconnects for the same. Chemical diffusion of oxygen or
hydrogen through mixed conductors as membranes for separation of O2 from air or H2 from syngas.
Photoelectrochemistry; defects in TiO2 photocatalysts. High-temperature oxide thermoelectrics.
Project management: Coordinates EU 7FWP project “EFFIPRO” (7 partners, 2009-2012) in the
Energy call. Successful principal applicant and/or coordinator of 6 RCN projects last 10 years, of
which 3 have been national and 3 local (UiO). Additionally, participant (with at least one post-doc or
PhD student) in 6 projects in Norway (3), Nordic region (1), and EU (2).
Membership in academic societies and professional committees: Member of The Norwegian
Academy of Science and Letters. Member of Agder Academy of Science and Letters.
Other scientific appointments: Editor of Solid State Ionics. International advisory boards: Solid
State Ionics, Solid State Protonic Conductors, Reactivity of Solids. Member of boards of “Materials,
Energy and Nanotechnology” programme BS and MS committees (formerly leader). Member of The
Hydrogen Council (RCN). UiO representative in Sintef’s Council.
PhD and MSc supervision: Graduated to date: PhD: 15, MSc: 34. PhD students currently
supervised primo 2010 (some with colleague Assoc. Prof. Reidar Haugsrud), with short titles:
- Nalini Vajeeston, “Novel oxysalt proton conductors”
- Harald Fjeld, “Nano-ionics”
- Nebojsa Cebasek, “Transport in gas separation membranes”
- Skjalg Erdal, “Hydrogen in oxides; ZnO and hydrogen separation membranes”
- Morten Huse, "Novel proton conducting oxides"
- Tor S. Bjørheim, “DFT and experimental studies of hydrogen in oxides”
- Anders W. B. Skilbred, “Metallic interconnects for proton conducting SOFCs”
- Ragnar Strandbakke, “Cathodes for proton conducting SOFCs”
- Vasilis Besikiotis, “Efficient and robust proton conducting fuel cells” (EU 7FWP PhD)
- Xing Wen, “Hydrogen permeable oxides for carbon capture processes”
- Ragnhild Hancke, “Kinetics of proton and oxide ion conductors”
- Jonathan Polfus, “Nitrogen in oxdes”
- Camilla K. Vigen, „Mixed conducting oxides for hydrogen separation membranes“
- Kingsley O. Iwu, “Solid state photoelectrochemical hydrogen production”
+ 4 PhD students co-supervised with other main supervisor. Additionally 5 MSc students.
Teaching at present, additional to MSc and PhD supervision:
MENA1000 Materials, Energy, and Nanotechnology (Lecturer, BSc level)
KJM5120/9120 Defect chemistry (Lecturer, MSc/PhD level)
MENA 3200/4200 Energy Materials (Lecturer 33%)
KJM-MENA4010 Experimental methods (1 of 14 modules; Electrical measurements)
ISI Web of knowledge reports for Truls Norby:
All years to date: 112 articles, 2020/1305 citations with/without self, average 18, h-index: 27
For 2000 to date: 68 articles, 687/ 501 citations with/without self, average 10, h-index: 14
Publications last 5 years, 2006-2010
J. B. Smith, T. Norby, “On the steady state oxygen permeation through La2NiO4+δ membranes”, J.
Electrochem. Soc., 153 [2] (2006) A233-238.
J. B. Smith, A. Fossdal, T. Norby, “Electron probe micro analysis of A-site inter-diffusion between
LaFeO3 and NdFeO3”, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 89 [2] (2006) 582-586.
100 R. Haugsrud, T. Norby, “Proton conduction in rare earth ortho-niobates and ortho-tantalates”, Nature
Materials, 5 (2006) 193–196.
101 J. B. Smith, T. Norby, “Cation Self-diffusion in LaFeO3 Measured by the Solid State Reaction
Method”, Solid State Ionics, 177 [7-8] (2006) 639-46.
102 T. Norby, R. Haugsrud, “Dense ceramic membranes for hydrogen separation”, in Nonporous Inorganic
Membranes (A. F. Sammells, M.V. Mundschau, eds.), Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2006, ISBN 3-52731342-7, pp. 1-48.
103 R. Haugsrud, B. Ballesteros, M. Lira-Cantú, T. Norby, “Ionic and Electronic Conductivity of 5% CaDoped GdNbO4”, J. Electrochem. Soc., 153 [8] (2006) J87-90.
104 R. Haugsrud, T. Norby “High-temperature proton conductivity in acceptor-doped LaNbO4”, Solid State
Ionics, 177 [13-14] (2006) 1129-35.
105 R. Kikuchi, N. Koashi, T. Matsui, K. Eguchi, T. Norby, “Novel anode materials for multi-fuel
applicable solid oxide fuel cells”, J. Alloys Compounds, 408-412 (2006) 622-27.
106 M. Widerøe, R. Waser, T. Norby. “Transport of hydrogen species in a single crystal SrTiO3”, Solid State
Ionics, 177 (2006) 1469-76.
107 R. Haugsrud, H. Fjeld, K. R. Haug, T. Norby, “Mixed ionic and electronic conductivity of undoped and
acceptor doped Er6WO12”, J. Electrochem. Soc., 154 [1] (2007) B77-81.
108 R. Haugsrud, T. Norby, ”High-Temperature Proton Conductivity in Acceptor-Substituted Rare-Earth
Ortho-Tantalates, LnTaO4”, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90 [4] (2007) 1116-21.
109 M.-L. Fontaine, Y. Larring, T. Norby, T. Grande, R. Bredesen, “Dense ceramic membranes based on
ion conducting ceramics”, Ann. Chim. Sci. Mat., 32 [2] (2007) 197-212.
110 K. A. Furøy, R. Haugsrud, M. Hänsel, A. Magrasó, T. Norby, Role of protons in the electrical
conductivity of acceptor-doped BaPrO3, BaTbO3, and BaThO3, Solid State Ionics, 178 (2007) 461.
111 T. Knutsen, S. Diplas, T. Våland, S. Jørgensen, T. Norby, “A study of anodically grown hydroxide
films on an amorphous Ni78Si8B14 alloy”, J. Electrochem. Soc., 154 [6] (2007) F111-121.
112 P. I. Dahl, R. Haugsrud, H. L. Lein, T. Grande, T. Norby, M.-A. Einarsrud, “Synthesis, densification
and electrical properties of strontium cerate ceramics”, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 27 (2007) 4461-71.
113 T. Norby, “Ceramic proton and mixed proton-electron conductors in membranes for energy conversion
applications”, J. Chem. Eng. Japan, 40 [13] (2007) 1166-1171.
S. Diplas, T. Knutsen, S. Jørgensen, A.E. Gunnæs, T. Våland, T. Norby, A. Olsen, J. Taftø, “An
Experimental Study of the Electronic Structure of Anodically Grown Films on an Amorphous
Ni78Si8B14 Alloy”, Surface and Interface Analysis, 40 [3-4] (2008) 826-829.
T. Mokkelbost, I. Kaus, R. Haugsrud, T. Norby, T. Grande, M.-A. Einarsrud, ”High-Temperature
Proton-Conducting Lanthanum Ortho-Niobate-Based Materials. Part II: Sintering Properties and
Solubility of Alkaline Earth Oxides”, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 91 [3] (2008) 879–886.
M.-L. Fontaine, T. Norby, Y. Larring, T. Grande, R. Bredesen, “Oxygen and hydrogen separation
membranes based on dense ceramic conductors” in Membrane Science and Technology, 13, “Inorganic
Membranes: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications”, R. Mallada, M. Men, Eds., Elsevier,
Amsterdam (2008) ISSN 0927-5193, ISBN 9780444530707, Ch. 10, pp 401-458.
E. Essuman, G.H. Meier, J. Zurek, M. Hänsel, T. Norby, L. Singheiser, W.J. Quadakkers, “Protective
and Non-Protective Scale Formation of NiCr Alloys in Water Vapour Containing High- and Low-pO2
Gases”, Corrosion Science, 50 (2008) 1753–1760.
H. Fjeld, R. Haugsrud, A. E. Gunnæs, T. Norby, “Proton and oxide ion conductivity in the grain interior
and grain boundaries of Ca-doped Er2Ti2O7 with Si impurities”, Solid State Ionics, 179 (2008) 1849.
Anuradha Ashok, N. Kochetova, T. Norby, A. Olsen, “Structural Study of the Perovskite System Ba6yCayNb2O11 Hydrated to Proton Conducting Ba6-yCayNb2O10(OH)2”, Solid State Ionics, 179 (2008)
E. Essuman, G.H. Meier, J. Zurek, M. Hänsel, L. Singheiser, T. Norby, W.J. Quadakkers, “Effect of
oxygen partial pressure on the oxidation behaviour of an yttria dispersion strengthened NiCr base
alloy”, J. Mater. Sci., 43 [16] (2008) 5591–5598.
T. Norby, “Proton conductivity in perovskite oxides”, in “Perovskite oxides for solid oxide fuel cells“,
T. Ishihara, ed., Springer, ISBN 978-0-387-77707-8 (2009) 217-241.
M.-L. Fontaine, Y. Larring, R. Haugsrud, T. Norby, K. Wiik, R. Bredesen, “Novel high temperature
proton conducting fuel cells: Production of La0.995Sr0.005NbO4-δ electrolyte thin films and compatible
cathode architectures”, J. Power Sources, 188 [1] (2009) 106-113.
T. Gao, H. Fjeld, H. Fjellvåg, T. Norby, P. Norby, “In-situ studies of structural stability and proton
conductivity of titanate nanotubes”, Energy and Environmental Science, 2 (2009) 517-523.
N. Sharova, H. Fjellvåg, T. Norby, “Structure, defect chemistry, and proton conductivity in nominally
Sr-doped Ba3La(PO4)3”, Solid State Ionics, 180 (2009) 338–342.
C. S. Knee, A. Magrasó, T. Norby, R. I. Smith, “Structural transitions and conductivity of BaPrO3 and
BaPr0.9Y0.1O3-δ“, J. Mater. Chem., 19 [20] (2009) 3238 - 3247.
R. Strandbakke, C. Kongshaug, R. Haugsrud, T. Norby, “High temperature hydration and conductivity
of mayenite, Ca12Al14O33”, J. Phys. Chem. C, 113 [20] (2009) 8938-8944.
A. Kuwabara, R. Haugsrud, S. Stølen, T. Norby, ”Local condensation of oxygen vacancies in t-LaNbO4
from first principle calculation“, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 11 [27] (2009) 5550-5553.
Zuoan Li, R. Haugsrud, J. B. Smith, T. Norby, “Steady state permeation of oxygen through
La1.9Sr0.1NiO4+δ”, J. Electrochem. Soc., 156 [9] (2009) B1039-B1044.
N. Jalarvo, C. Haavik, C. Kongshaug, P. Norby, T. Norby, “Conductivity and water uptake of
Sr4(Sr2Nb2)O11·nH2O and Sr4(Sr2Ta2)O11·nH2O”, Solid State Ionics, 180 (2009) 1151–1156.
A. Magrasó, R. Haugsrud, M. Segarra, T. Norby, “Defects and transport in Gd-doped BaPrO3”, Journal
of Electroceramics, 23 [1] (2009) 80-88.
Zuoan Li, R. Haugsrud, J.B. Smith, T. Norby, “Transport properties and defect analysis of
La1.9Sr0.1NiO4+δ”, Solid State Ionics, 180 [26-27] (2009) 1433-1441.
T. Norby, “Protonic conduction in solids; bulk and interfaces”, in “Solid State Ionics in the 21st
Century”, S. Kim, S. Yamaguchi, J. Elliot (eds.), MRS Bull., 34 [12] (2009) 923-928.
T. Norby, K. Kjølseth, R. Strandbakke, M.-L. Fontaine, “Protonics for Fuel Cells”, Proc. Europ. Fuel
Cell Forum 2009, F. de Bruijn, U. Bossel (eds.), Lucerne, June 29 - July 2, (2009) A1101, pp 1-12.
H. Fjeld, D. M. Kepaptsoglou, R. Haugsrud, T. Norby, “Charge carriers in grain boundaries of 0.5 %
Sr-doped LaNbO4”, Solid State Ionics, 181 (2010) 104-109.
T. S. Bjørheim, A. Kuwabara, I. Ahmed, R. Haugsrud, S. Stølen, T. Norby, “A combined conductivity
and DFT study of protons in PbZrO3 and the alkaline earth zirconates”, Solid State Ionics, 181 (2010)
C. Kjølseth, H. Fjeld, P.I. Dahl, C. Estournés, R. Haugsrud, T. Norby, “Space charge theory applied to
the grain boundary impedance of proton conducting BaZr0.9Y0.1O3-δ”, Solid State Ionics, 181 (2010)
T. Norby “A Kröger-Vink-compatible notation for defects in inherently defective sublattices”, Journal
of the Korean Ceramic Society, 47 [1] (2010) 19-25.
Y.Y. Tay, T.T. Tan, F. Boey, M.H. Liang, J. Ye, Y. Zhao, T. Norby, S. Li, “Correlation between the
characteristic green emissions and specific defects of ZnO”, PCCP, 12 (2010) 2373.
T.S. Bjørheim, S. Stølen, T. Norby, “Ab initio studies of hydrogen and acceptor defects in rutile TiO2”,
PCCP, DOI:10.1039/B925823J.
Vajeeston Nalini, R. Haugsrud, T. Norby, ”High-temperature proton conductivity and defect structure
of TiP2O7”, Solid State Ionics, 181 (2010) 510-516.
A. Magrasó, R. Haugsrud, T. Norby, “Preparation and characterization of Ni-LaNbO4 cermet anode
supports for proton conducting fuel cell applications”, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., (2010) in print, DOI:
A. Magrasó, H. Xuriguera, M. Varela, M.F. Sunding, R. Strandbakke, R. Haugsrud, T. Norby, “Novel
fabrication of Ca-doped LaNbO4 thin film proton conducting fuel cells by pulsed laser deposition”, J.
Am. Ceram. Soc., (2010) in print, DOI: 10.1111/j.1551-2916.2010.03650.x.
P.H. Tsai, T. Norby, T.T. Tan, R. Donelson, Z.D. Chen, S. Li, “Correlation of oxygen vacancy
concentration and thermoelectric properties in Na0.73CoO2-δ”, Appl. Phys. Lett., 96 (2010) 141905-10.
S. Erdal, C. Kongshaug, T. S. Bjørheim, N. Jalarvo, R. Haugsrud, T. Norby, “Hydration of Rutile TiO2;
Thermodynamics and Effects on n- and p-type Electronic Conduction”, J. Phys. Chem. C, 114 [19]
(2010) 9139–9145.
A. Magrasó, M.-L. Fontaine, Y. Larring, R. Bredesen, G. E. Syvertsen, H. L. Lein, T. Grande, M. Huse,
R. Strandbakke, R. Haugsrud, T. Norby “Development of proton conducting SOFCs based on LaNbO4
electrolyte - Status in Norway”, Fuel Cells, accepted.
M.F. Sunding, D.M. Kepaptsoglou, S. Diplas, T. Norby, A.E. Gunnæs, “XPS Characterisation of the
Interface between Anode and Electrolyte in a Proton Conducting Solid Oxide Fuel Cell”, Surface and
Interface Analysis, (2010) in print. DOI 10.1002/sia.3383.
Zhonglin Jiang, T. Norby, H. Middleton, “Evaluation of Metastable Pitting by Charge Integration of
Current Transients”, (2010) in print. doi:10.1016/j.corsci.2010.03.012.
T. Bak, T. Norby, J. Nowotny, M.K. Nowotny, N. Sucher, “Titanium Dioxide Photocatalyst Unresolved Problems” in “Solid State Chemistry and Photocatalysis of Titanium Dioxide”, (J.
Nowotny, M.K. Nowotny, eds.), Trans Tech Publ. Inc., Zurich, ISBN 3-908451-82-5, Solid State
Phenomena, 162 (2010) 77-90.
H. Fjeld, K. Toyoura, R. Haugsrud, T. Norby, “Proton mobility through a second order phase transition:
theoretical and experimental study of LaNbO4”, PCCP, (2010) DOI:10.1039/c002851g.
Books, Compendia, Proceedings
Proc. 8th International Conference on Solid State Protonic Conductors (SSPC-VIII), Gol, Norway, August,
1996. (T. Norby, ed.). Solid State Ionics, 97 (1997) 540 pages.
Per Kofstad Commemorative Issue (T. Norby, ed.,). Solid State Ionics, 129 [1-4] (2000), 300 pages.
T. Norby, “Materials, Energy and Nanotechnology” compendium for MENA1000 (Materials, Energy, and
Nanotechnology) at The University of Oslo, 390 pages (in Norwegian); 2004-2007.
Articles of various categories in national and international periodicals
T. Norby, "Materialkjemi", Kjemi, 6 (2000) Spesial, 4-10.
T. Norby, "The promise of protonics" (News and Views), Nature, 410 (2001) 877-878.
Patent applications
T. Norby, R. Haugsrud, S. Marion, Norwegian patent application No. 20045639, filed 23.12.2004: Rare earth
orthoniobates and orthotantalates as solid proton conducting electrolytes.
T. Norby, R. Haugsrud, S. Marion, K. Wiik, M.-A. Einarsrud, Ø. Andersen, R.A. Strømme, T. Grande,
International patent application PCT/EP2005/013873, 22 December 2005, priority 23 December 2004;
Proton Conductors.
T. Norby, US Patent application US 61/224354 “Apparatus for gas humidification and pressure control”,