'1. "'t t uI

advertisement
HIGH-DENSITY HOUS.1N~ AT AN URSAN ED6E:
A BUILT-FORM PROJEC,T10N
8I\RRY 7.EVIN
S.y>'~·l). I ~""IA':ae.t!> :rfl~1itu-re.1r ie.,~V\o\o~~
\~7'
SU1>M'iT~l) IW P~V-"IAL f\)Lfll..L1"~T
Of -n\~ ~QO\~~"'~\ol\S fO~ 1\"\~ 1)~~J.E"6 01=
M~SiER Of AU"\1UT0~
Mas~a(.h,\?eit~ lY\~itu1e tf\ Te.Jmol0oct
June. }J)73
~iooY\a\\JI(~ ()~ A~f
~MtMt",," 0\ t\'(~iie.jV.'(t,J 1\ M'dj\973
A££etltuI "'t
Rotch
'1.
(,'(\d\fft'ld(\
l1)e~f\rneystJ\ LoMfI1ittee. on braav.a;e. ~udu\is
Ae,5,.RA C.T
'ti'- 'De~ \-\OU~h'% ~ an Ur'r>a'O "@ll>e :
A ~'\\.:forM Pfo\elAfon
by "barry LR.'J \n
InmteJ to~ 1)Qpart~f1t J. A(vnitw\A'(Q.on \\ M~ \~7~ in ?att~ ~~lIrM~ 01 ~e.
"ift~·M~ -\Offft~ ~fe..e err l1\8si« ~vdllte(,Tl.lre..
*
In it; 1\wsi? p(ese~ a a~~icJff\ 9rJ..~ ~o'( a Y\,·~.ae.rrJf1
bui\aiY\~ COtrl~\t~ ~r Wt(lw\U'f\~~ ~Y\a·IJ.f)Ntf~it1 nous\Y'.Db On ~ srt-e ft 1he
r\htM,1 Q.~~ ~ -Pre. Ghor\e.~ ~\'Jb( %~~i1) \(\ (~Y'fIbn~h7>Q..1 ~a~su~\A~e\\s.
~ Su~t("'~(b :
tTf\fe. \\a\~J.
I
f.\& ~<f(.~ SM~)
0\ ~rf~~~\lA"(Q,
'1>(~e.s$o'( ~ Arc,"'iru.t\.\(~
f<~~?$Of
--~---------...------~------
-~~
Hypoihe.7eS ~ .rnle-Yi\\OV1S
Me 1-
parge d
b1'oon ASSUn'11>t\oY\s
l:>\b'r~lOpY1y
D(awiY\~ >;.
-
pafJe is
plan (fJtI}/;t ~paa/ / '1-oJ/O Pdtge~
p/<J(j ofpgrh/Jcg 7Vefl/cJara/tuJd/i07l; /~ #t1' fBff..2/ .
rIVe{' eitVat'rll1 .1'+/ 110 +'6/ /J8fJe:a
adlirt7 M puh/;~:5PJcej IVh J/IJ) flYtZe 023
I
I
:5~ttfJ1 ao/ftlblL6fJcx~ /~ 4()) jJJ'$e.,2Lj
.s&1inz J)J}fpuiJ;LSfEC7 /Y-o fa' fdIJe,o
{Jdr1i:9/pidn df lel/d -f ~ /P~ It ~e;lb .
I
p;;rfjaJpldf181 level fJ1el-~i;1e -f).8 / /~Ib 'f=JPJee2?
p;;r/lG]/ p/c;n af /evJ ~ 11; /'io /6 / page'~
p¥tie/ p/ar; tff Iud ffJe~/~ flJl/ /"fo/b' f~~e2}
prnj)j p/JI} ~1 /~eI-rJ3t; )~/6 ~tge..!i)
par1i;;;/ pl.Jf} ~-rJe,&/ '1£?-2;;W7lfH. 1'/38 / /10/1, PJtgeJ'
'11
r a~~V-Ze:TO'(1te'-(rm~t~
1V1~ d(~!'. An~bltW
t-DH ~ ~ found i1\
Prq.~OW)Gt...~rt1t'.s~ .
- 't.2.
;;ei/i~
XX; / 'A, /b pa~ 3b
~~
W)
I
/I~ 16 I (J~e-33
4
"'lPOl\\~~~~
.;
1
1N1E~TU)~S
I
!
The. d(oWi"~ fnai follow -fufs teA' rropDse a ~l~\t\-
1
1 ar(\ lIt:>i~ "nj~-J(1,(\~l+o
inMcate. '4 ra~ID J;. bl.-lilt are,a 10
sit:e a.fe~ ?O \afOl)Q, -\}..~i n--ql,l'I!la.l~
r~~Si+~ bui\afnDb Cbmp)e.j tOf UJ'MYnl)'()~j ~rJ \A1Ii\lUS\1~ notA;,iY)bt 01/\ 'd 4e
,at fnt nor1~we~ flJDbe J. -tnt L~~(\es Ri-Je( .~a~i() in (ambr'~e..l'ne
~llt1ifq? in Whl'CV\ e,\e'J&\c.(s are.
Y'~~ife4. "The pa1\iCtAtar ~oo(-d.~a­
<atio ((?f€.f(d 10 \¥) 'The ~(d~i~ Is
~)(tA(),(3tIOO af methDJs ~ bu\\d\Y)Dt- aSSeYl\'o\i~ w'nith \ed ~ -thi~
:'P(c\eclion took dS ITS. (~fe.ret\(e. -the foll()wi~ nyp6t'nese.s :
~'oo(.(\
4.0,
a
i~nt.iJi1~ that
I/ned"m 10 cfv:.%e allJ~ make (orpar#; makeW remake) one's dtUe//Jng
Iplace ;ri!,tlfJplJ5e5 nottJn'y ~ par1icu/sy d! , P)h~? ~~t/~0 emj
ieto"""1It corJih~,,&,' i/ d& ref"Jles the exigence 01d lf9"'1e of k!t
iJifllJlft~t1S frOM uhJOt fo th~ds:e ;JrJ ()ptJn JtJhitn to ,act
I '
1he dQ,~lOOl1 \1\ierJsto
pro{eJ a wia~ 'fatq;e ck buiW, ehysrca.\ OGll}.6hhes whose
~hIt(Sity dGn\t\le.; mt(}n\n~ b.; e.v'\db\iv1D6 d w,Je '(~nOf}- ~
h\AM~y\ "~es.
b 'R&aonizJn~ ffiat
iindNldtia/s wh&::.e ndl"fY/S of I)c1iill~ 5U~estdiffeYBY1! kinds of hu/Jt
mutua/J bene-hf by inhahmh~ in tlJmmon.J place tJhere
the;y prOiJfYJJfy dJet1«aTe5 ~ dense mixture'phys/tol defitJIlibns
iwhkIJ ;;)/1 cal1 share: cme,tgrained div(rdy enhances ~ nehr;ess
iia(Jhhes
CJY1
lo(~/teJ
!
5
ml~
2-
0
wtae (df)U/;~ eli fOYM? dY'\~ \A~es ~ \je,(j c,\ose pfOii'({\\fYI
ana fo u)6b)e, (iY'lsofar as built forM Cd'" eY\'6\)\e) a\l1Yie
inh~b,t~nts ~ -!he. 'oui\di()~ LOY1i~\e~ ~nJ rA the sVJ(ounJI)\~
.
COfflMVY\ity to 6na(e 1~is J)'le(~\t1 ~ ~\a(e dY)(~ ~G1i'HtY.
~
AfI'{ built p~G(, nac;, an o'o\fOD~IOO
to flAY\c.,\ioY\ ac;, a pari J.1\l~ w\rlok
dr1 (J( .\aMc,(op€. I to add itse\4
in' 0 -fue (.()ft'I MbY'\ wed \-\VI, ~ d~
~cl~~~ c'o't'\'N>1 fu\~i\t ~is
o'cliOOo\\of\.
C
?he norlY/ <Jf ItmefiCdiJl)yhan orcgotJJ'zc11/on ind;cate~ 1nCJt m~{)! sife5
ct9f1n~t be expected 10 %lppbrr a c/~5e-'1yal(}ed mJyfure ()f re~/derrlia/
dnd nOt},residennd ~1iVlfy;
.
bur retUgni71r7~ that
.
~n adeilA!Jte r~y)t1je I f(;JJns~rt~1ion ~ ~e!'"V/ces (intlJAdntg
?()mmer-c/a/ 8 (,tvdy) m/),1 €X19 atdny de bd()re Ifc;m he
C()n6)ikred as .an ~ppr()p(l:;te /tx:dtion foy h~u&ngl
a
lvws WO(}\a (~lAiYe, i\i~ t~
fJOlA)e,(
to wn'trd frse. u.se rfr \~rJ
ac.co~v1t to." th~ ~~iTso\"
o.i\le.fSrty 1 lOl"l1(&4} \\A;l.\a~mDv\ j
rno\ \C}nd~~ ded~ioY'6 ¥:>~
ma~t. y("()ft pa(\iCM\6( ~a
dOC":e~'fG\fleJl
\eg"uY\i~ft~.
ara
.and Ye(~~fJ/iiJ1tt thai
preser'J1 i!1stlfu1ion5 91~IAJd e-kaYJtge fo heifer aCL~MM()dare 5t/ch J
Ir~e d xtlvrfre~ and wil/forms iI1 dbse prdYJirJilyl~
I
I
I
II
i
ine ~t~'tlJJ'(l fottnasto
c-onStNe ana add +0 1\it noy\-'(e,S\de~ld l dCli'J\ty pft?ev1T\y
o{J.IAP1 1'f>lJb ~e .site.
d ~7he Cafrer1t hfbjJ-deflSi; prototype has oftefl been used
Pfot~~~
irJ.iC;,J,(l,·Mtfldt~t
4 J>...ny
aW\\td
a~ uY\ffofw\\X P(OjU(tSd m\V\iM~\
and W"I~\h"Y\('IIOy'\\'{I% U\'Ji'foV\'{!\~iI\l
"fut \olt"rJef'.>if( ~~b~(~~fI froT6T~~
i
r
lIII'lhout teCOl!flJi/nq fh al/f!, par1Jc1//ay lIaMies
i1Y prove dest(~1il/e ~r a-pfuntfjpf)a/ whf-(J <1pphed fo 50IYJe SItes
andproqraf!}5; 4
InJXscrirrJin a1idy I
1
1
l2etcJtgnlz/htg fhat
na, b«~ w.d 'oao.\y as ~
d,':>
hl~-a~""siry
tJ{ot6fypt.
I
!
UI/jJ'~ at hrt7Jh den~J~ sMuJd not be 1o/erated as.:9 rJ~rfY) but
een insfead 85 In e'ltreme /n 1I1e wf0Je Ydntge of way-> d hUJldlYJlfJ
the ~QSfOO'{) iY\t~y')~s10
pro\eG1 on)y d spe(~~) (1\'\0",,£]\1 bj riD means unfqlAe) Lase /
in w'nfcV1 a (e~e~iYied P(ototy~ I~ ~pp\ie~ to d site arJ
P(o~f~yY')
wnose parlrlu\ar Gna'faGlevisliLS .a)lolN a
h'Obn'Oe()Slty solVl1\'o'r').
e l~ec«gnrz/()~1hat
htJdJin~ at
hJt:gh densdy introduce> spec(a/ prfib/em5 foy
htuJdm/f; fechn~/~~l tE5 we!/ as iJr site. p!anYJJY7't; &3YJd p'fj~raM)
~nd that the C(lfer;8 .ad()ptec/Ji15tan1ardpr&!/ice dnd h!
bJ,lJjJ,'r7~ UJde minIma dtJ Mf nrress8ny pf(/l/Ide ade1{)Jk
6OIt!Ii~i1~ 10 these prtJhlem5;
1\1e. ae~fOO" iy\le\')Oslo
YYlte-t mOft satrs1ec\Ovy cnre.fi a toY' ~ufla \so\atroV\ ana
'I
t'r~ pfo\e,afo'f\,
/kUJtgnfZlntt
that
.
.
I~ /a~e buJIdMIl PftJ;ec/m3j h€ ejemted in phJ>e.> over,a perioJ4
rme year~) and 1Mt lhe tnlha/ p/anrJJi1I!' $t{ch.!l prOject mitJj}7t
l5fJeC/y tOnne ~r parPc'w/ar; lota/ built -Iorm deC/s/~J?5 for the
Ien~n pro/eel wi/hoat speclfyiYJtg a lin;le huJ/d/YJ'l form I
-tnr~ d~s\'DOV11
on1'he othe(natld }aoes Y\Dt {nfeYlQ to ~O,{WltA\ate. 6( lAse
7
5UGh .a ~ ~ l(ite,(\~ hlA\ ,(3~Y \Y'\'ey)(~S tD ~(O\eG\ oY'\e
possi'dft o\Ai~mQ. Jr 5~~ a p(Ol-e~,
ecotgnJiltJCfy that
/CU/81iOt1!l ~f the co~;f /ecoYlomy ofc!) hUlld/neg pflJ/ect~h()u/d
take into dCLouni; In AdJI!;bJ1 -k the fY-at/Jh'otJdJJy ~a/cu/~.ted -fi/~1-cos0
the costs ~f ma/(lfail1lnrg and dperati';1~ the btll/dJnrg / !he e.xpense 16
the LOmmUYJJ1y IJI;lJry and trJf/spor'/a1io}'J 5y/errJ5; ;)nd the {~s1..5 of
an! d'lher measlArabJt henehls tJr /r~blhliesJ
int desl'oon iV\te,V)ds 10
propose a blA\\t place Whl'cM LO\'\\d be. realizea undera
({vJufe 0'( ~jpe(}m~"i8\) Sy4e;M of a\\o,tatfi)t/b fe,Souxces
WY\\'tV1 wou'd h1ake SlAGn a broM auounl'Y)lt Df ~5:
8
e propo~~ blAildl'Yl06 GOM~\e.~ .1> to iY\c'\l)de. a raY106~ ()f stzes ~y1a
kina~ of Jw~\iY'(~ ~nits, lne fol\ow\YlDb h~t at lA'(\tr -t~~~s fs pa(\"ra) avJ
not Q.tC,\U>I\IQ. : (The ,()\.\Y'f'\b~r at \Ay)\t~ of e.a('Yl type is not aSSv\Wlea
to b~ fl)!~a. l1w OOhle.V1 ~IA(),(Q. footafib'ls d'ffL aWfl>iimole, clrJ
Y\ofMdli\j~J not a'osdute .J
,
LA~E P\P~RTtf}'f.~\S
{11~ de. fuese \AV\lts aYe -m ho\Je a\(ec,\ aae~s to fvl~
OOfO\Av')a} tD aUOWWfJDOale.
faM\,,'lS wiih (.,\,t)\\d(e~.
\a-rDb<l. 5"-bed{ooW\ a~aftme-t1l or hov6tma4er'.s
quarters
£\ -btd(oo'M apa-rlme,ytf l/tJO It; /3C() Sf'{/'
I
•
I;
<)JtJf~ /J.tJ{) StJ·f/·
~- pe~(ooW\ apdf\~'Ml'l1
U~ 10 /tJ&J5Ij.1t.
:2.. SMALL
I
•
3-W(ooVV\ d~a-ttmer1
I
I
~PAR1MtNiS
CoMWI\Afllly lind mdvYie~ t>lu~tl\ts' no\,\s(Ylq, j p~(h;)0
~oW\e. 1A1i\fS10( t~~ e\Je(\y
I
\-b~(ooW\ ap(\(\Vt1ev'\\ I fu\o'('? ~\3t 650 IfJ 8M~. H·
st~lb cl~(\"W\Q.tTI- ~ -k 6()C) Sf' ft·
f
'J\:S~\V'Ob pyotessor\~ d?~f\ meV)) ,:>~y(\iV)d( '(MY/) ~l0jo /MO~.!f
9
. 'DORM\TORH U\\\l1S
,25{)
py fI)~re
10 3XJ
net ~.#. per pel5.t;f)j plus Jl)1DJ.5' f1·ff.
per pt-r5l)y) for (.OmW)o)'l Racihhes to V>t s'na'fea ,
~'(o\'\ps ot 25 +0 40 pet>p\~, (1hest COmmDV') -fadhh'es
mfDD'ffi be. lA~d for [ookl%J >~~iy'\t) -P\'d'f\Y1"b rtlUSI'c.a)
inSl"f\AWtei\ls) Vld1~iV'lOP i~e\J\'~fDV') ) hD)J\V')~ do~~5. J of t'Jtfl foY'
Mofe
paY1rGIAhw' ~~}Jihes like a'3rKrOOrl\ worK; f>o'ITvry-
tflok1Yl% J Dr wor'KiY'CJb on ek,t(oniG ~\A"~Y'f\eV\t.)
5\,utes : SMall d~dA Mev'\ts W\\V\ i'f\le,('fl~\ KltGhey') I bdln-roovY') J
and ('oMMon foom I anJ in1l~iJua\ beJ(oow/SII).Ji~s fDv3 tb b peo~e .
. \ar~e'{ ~(OLA\y'>61l0 +0 146 'oeJ.room)s1vJ.ie.s foY' D'()e (Of two
of iY1(~e ) pers()~J, v.Jlih "~G"'eV\(G) / botnroo'M5) dV'\a
COMMon (ooms ?'r1area by the enijft "brolAP,
. 01HtR Ol>\\D~
111e blA\'aiV)~ CDWl~ej bYlo\A\d Q.v1o'd~ iY\~h\l\duab or
df>roup5 10 iYl\fOdlACe. oThev- typtS of d\U~\\rVl% 3'{'(o"'1;e'Me()\s
il1 aMihon tD
t\1e norY'/6 Ir4eJ a'oo\le. fo'(e1aY'fl~\e.J
f'(ai~('I\it'j nOIAse.s or ~rtrsts' \bft-~ttAJiOS W\\'o;;'nt be
aUbM MO~
ated.
fOIl\WIOVI .fac.\1ine.s
I
I
.
:mese -rac,\ine') (}ft -\t> 'ot O?~{\ +D @\) (tSiOet1r~ ,i Most 0\ tYIeVV1
:4ol))a 'f>'(o'oo~1 be. at or V)ear The "b'fo\Af)a. AflbO\V'I) fu~ \IS} IS
I·
10
WlW\'VlDf> (OOY'Y\>
WOrK~f>6 dl'\a 'abo(aio(ies ( WOO~v.lO(K)V'lJb) ~(,y(;\esJ e,'~c,i(o",\l"s)
pnot()~'(orr'ny} li>h3\t'.Je.(,,0
a SMa'\ library
Jatc9 tQ,(rfl\Y\a's
a d~ lafe, faGi\\t~
6f;3rJe'fl p\ots) tt pCGSib\e
t>port~ dY\~ (eL(t~r)'C>Vla\ rdc\'Wries (ra'o\! rtvW\\~) pbO\
~~asY\} ba~'r<eI'oo\\) nondba"} t~y'\'{)\s J ?"~t)nq)
paY"kfY\~ for resIde-filS - is assuW)e.d 10 ~t pro'.J\'oed 'VI a
new ~tnAcrU(e beiwe:ev'\ 'Ja~$(i ~(ee,t .9'()~ fn~ (o\'\voaa
I
(rfJlyht,J ~ lAdY,
On the ~teJ
o plA~\rL. ~ua'(e. tOY c:\al~ ~(\U>U'l\tQ,(:, 2.Y\a foY' fe.sti'J$\s
a. ~\\c,&r~s?e.f\
*
Y\ewss)dYld
a pub/beer tlf;d'(aef)/0afi
a U>it1-0pt(ote~
l(}\A'f\o.vy
3t)t()-o/.ft.
lip 16 3a:?O 5tJ. It
15"~051·It.
(re,~&ed) Joyc.e Lh'l{\ Y-cl dV\(ovlt qhout 1.pJO Sf' It')
f/u~ on'Slfepat'kjfJ~ fc;r 7t1 /b JtJOcar~
I
a so'\tnc:y, ~ ~ot\YIOb R-ad\\'ty
:
<3Y\
!Nta...-1VIt ~\:eJ
u'fboY\ (61\ f{a\'1~\1 ~fot> f~ ~5slm1ed fD ~~\::t
at rDvl
\kla~hMODtoY\ I 0'(\ me. pre5efi\ r8\\roaa ()~ht-ot- way i
at 1Ylt tYo$\t
~rO?/
d fooa ~rort J pno,(Yfl'o.c1} 0.0 deoV\e-f"} boflk I ~'i I
",
•
tl\o~t it
rei d\\ \A'()~S in the b\A\'\diYlD3 COM~ti 9lou)d (e.cel''Je. at
\tast a fe,w hOl)(S 01 Jif~(,t sunhOO'rit e,ac'v! d~y ~,\ ~ I ~nJ 3\\
It..\Y\\'t? Y'fIlAst 'n~'Je 'd \J\'ew OY\TD SI.4f\ht s?aces, (-TVws d.pp\re.s as we,\\
to ~~istv\cg bu\la\Y)oo-=- sJ1aGef)t fo't\t)e ;u-~)
I
rife. pfotwioYl
It
Ilht al1->I"DY'I
I
~
M"6~ BtAildl'fit 1)e~o(\"'Mty'\t
~i\diY'lt U:Je -<:t\'j cA MOh I \970,
i3'clt l-:t.
acblAY'I\eS til'l! :lOne-s
of '''OO~.%. (as ;;\\OWw, by 1\1e
i$osIon ~\Ai~iV\% Code,mr L2. ouu~o,{\Gy wi~ v.Y)~'(ctected noY1;c.oY'flblAsllt\e. t~'Pe 10 LDn4n,,,c'\ionS'" )I SQ,~o'(a.tea 'Of wa\\sa'(\a .\\00(5
rlr
4-nour .hr~ (esr4aYlce rati'{)rJb 3Y)J ~~\Aif>l>ed wi1\-\
laoo\'$ aYla f\.\J. ))..C. da'M~tfS d~ (~\j\(ed by"\VJe.
8\AtoYfla11c., ~''(e
toS\oV\ Y,\A\\dMDD
lode., An \®\\ s\(\A(X~(e., W~f\ ~e.~ 20~S i~tD W\~e\ 1V\e
I
r~IA\'(e'(i)~ois
for ?fO\~i\tO. V\~('oW\b~srlb\e t~~ ~~ Cbnsl(\'\G~\'O()
~ ~/4 -nou( {jre re;1~~a¥tt Ydtlf1% toY' ell tle.w.tfl'f~(.).
I
~t blAi\diVl£t W\\A~ W)~e,i a\' OP~\C.c'o\e. f!'ft ~'fDt~c,tioi\ ~V\'(~vY\€~S
~~ ~on ~\Ai\dw,~ Coae.
'*
rV\ aOJrhoV\ J1h~ ae~roo1') a~\.\'Mes *'~
itn~ wtife b\A\\arn% GOm?\~~ Wl\\be. ~1A\ppe~ w\~ dwo~o1\,(:~pf\nk\e(s)
I
~'f1'\OK.e dQ.1Q.Gto(s) ~Y)d a\a,(M ~'Pte;MS j
W\'fu
~peC\d\
tOW\W\\.AV'lXcotfoV)S
l~lAip)"i\{~ {of .{\(Q, o~p¢ftmtf\t L4~ J w\\h e\~\jatovs '.:>ie. ~O( fl'fe
I
12
Je,~f'tm~f\\ u~e.J ~~ Op~'{\c)b\e. vJ\.r\~O\ffi>1 ~\~'(Wa~6 \l~f\\e.J at to~
aN1 b6\\oVV) I
k:rO'M
~Y\a w~ ()Y\~ 9MOKe'l>(oo1
to\foQ,(
(J~,( u.ce~d OV\\1
'M\(.O()k~ 0pe() to 1'r1e. O\A\0\ae) ~( ~(e 2.0Y)e. \
e ~e?~YI m\AJyV\~e11he tonOW\YlDD '(eqV\\'f~meY\ts toy CdpaC\1y or
~'tit O'd\(W'd~S:
tJUII\~Q
'1 floM ~'nerwiY) 'P. ~~W a~
~fN>~ \[i~f lWb) I f\(e,
ft-6\"w\'OV\ \tr~h(\'<.>t ~\IMyyt>
(Df\I<M1f>~ G'Y\l'L~ Cc~W\i\tte on
-\\~n~ ~i\o(nlf>S I InJ..) I
'*
!~
i \=l..OOts
I
I
oau~~~
PEt.\l}.l\1IJ,)I~1\i
or-?Th1l2... '1
I
!
\J\J\i?Cf W\\)1\i ~~VI~
@ %OD ~%l"Zf)'M-
=
140 ~.*. /oc(J).~o'(\t
70 oau~~ -pe( 'UK'i!.
NUM;E~ ~"-lt:> ~\'2.E 6'f
?i"l~
,-'C:G\)I2..E1) I~
:L1.&,,~,/~q'l +
YJ.\.lY)rr/~~''oYl~ \:t'l
-1-
!
~2~\.
&
15
3>
.l401'fs ~ 41\" e(}J\.
\0
:w
3Y..1.
:Jv
@ 44'
t2
IS
~
:t
~
14
It)
5
r~ ~li' + \ @~., .
\~
I~
5"
\~
lB
\~
5l.t.
[email protected] f>O 11
U>
Il
to
[email protected] W"
r~~~!Il\l.l)'f1 a\\olAlok-,\e t
(Mel J~ra)'1Les
4s\"
*til t \@ "Do
plY Mort liJild\~ U>~ e 00 Y16T
I4>Ylt(0\ i}.l'Iaedhe~ CiWAn\st..'/Ites.)
(No ~\\oWaYiLe~ are, 13¥ef) ~o~ ~fi()k'usJ ~or addrhoV\a'
etlfftS7ts) or .tor ume.s srtla'lec ~Yl 'foOD ~.-ft.)
MY'iZOY\18\
ISOIl1\~ l$o\aifoV\
1
!
~ 'ot\i\~fl'\% sholA'~ 'Mtt11\w .foI\owh'IO), c.ntt((~ :
tfo'()~~fI\·,;>~;~.io~ \o~? SI.e.. 6D 'oei"weefl Uf\\ts)
13
trafl?V'f\\??io'f\
\0';6 Lib bQ,iVl~Q.y'\ ~(i'Ja{,\'t; W~\V) ~f\~SI
\rr\pa4 "'O\~ '(oti'l'lOfJ<;' (1.NIR~ <1>Ye.G\\tf ~(\'"
•
2(V(O.
lV\e. aQ.,~l~y\ c.S$\1IYV\es -me lA?t of 4aOfPlffea~·~\,l.d ~6(\\1YDY\S)
'f(l?",q,fl} dl'pS
f(J( \d\Y) 8't\~ W~nbo~(a) ~)~ ~a*erQ.<l JOOfS J ~V\d
co(peXinDb (w'r\erte\Jt( (3N)\hetf ~\DO( S\A(-t<kQ. f':> n61 JQ;)f~ m(J(t
de.sh·~bk) j t\.)e- desrOJl1 ~UYnW( a~~W)es ~o\ Ga~~) ~1tev1t\'oY1 v.n)1
bt OONt-v'\ to Me(,~dY\r('3\ syl"t'N6. (a,,'( d",cts h" ~(i\c\A'a(") d\'\~ 10
Opt~i\'\Of>? \1\ ~\OO(S afld wa\\s, Fb2lfed ~OO(S wou\~ be ~e.~ir~b\e.,
IA ta\\ bui\aiY'% 6Y\ 1Y1e q)~e", ~tQ. WO\A\~ lAV\do\A'JQd'1 G(e.olQ. lAiY1a
'pfo'o1eWls a-t the ~fo\Av'\d. mese 'rfIfofrn be MiniVY'izeJ by mak\Y)"b
(~;~.V\' w~Y)o.tl.A~y)~ te-SIS ~1A(IYiD& ihe de~~Y) ~fOGe~S, fn ~ d~~e
ot SVth te~t~
1'h~ c\e?fDDY) p{esef\led ne[e, ~(O~O~~ d ~ette(ea ~1h
~(o\.\~ M\AG'v\ tk ~~ sIte ana ~\jord~ $W\3\l ~oei(~t\·oy\s' i11'fOlAq/' 1Yte
b",~a\V)Ob
J
at 1'ne 'iyolAY\d.
I
ISt(lAiXlA'l'O\ ...,y4'l,y{j5>
I
I
iPYiM?f~ ",1(I.\(\u(,,\ syJt'M
I
bncl< beafi,,% wo\\~
i
I
stQt\ W\\A'Mffi tl\£.osea if)
PfU 6~ c..O,()GfeXQ.
(J)'f\I.;(v'Q.
~O\A(td in -slfu
kdCJJu be dMS
pa,4(e~?ed GbY'lGfe-te. ~\DOf ~a'(\KS
14
•
( .f\00'(~ ~e,?)'ObY)ea
fDf \ Ne. \oaa
100
PS1
r/)
l (f)'fHOfi( of pv.~\'c. IJ.SR..')
-r
t\O f>~ (pf\i~t~O(L\A~~,(\('y)
-t
~O p~~ (~eaO w~i ~ Jr !r\~\\) Si(IA~\lA(e.~
t5D ~~ to~\ ~'(S\~'{) \Nt \6aJ
'(l~o(y (iV\~~\\) ~tfIAGtv.(o' ~yr~W)
~tet\ ~wl
pa'f1\1ToV\S
~ttd (,OhAV'fI'(\S (intUw\~~tt~ ~~ni w"'e(e. ~~)
p"'f\{;hui Y\d\\a'cl~ siee\ iO\~9$ wrtV\ '~' \rcy~hoe\Obht ~(e(6~
GOY\(,(ett
?hori?PdA~\OO'(p\¢y')K ~nd ~'J ~1~\AvY1 pc3'{)e\
cti"V)~
~
any G01\5!fvifrotJ (1Y'U\vJW)"h wood) tre.31eA 1D Meet Ihe
I
I
~1.I(red ~khow {ife. (Q.!,i'$t3'1)Ce. (ilth/)oe"
~/fl\~
!IflUYlaYliGO\ ""Y'f>t
IjH.~,~,G,
cef\\(a\ 3"'" CO'{\d~fOV1\V)~ ~M 'ne~t\~ by fO(C~d sir; wt1V)
\Y'Je~Y\dty')t ~~~'MS ~ ~(iMe,tv( w~Q,f) (~V\\fJ
15
•
Adelman, Howard.
'l'he Beds of Academe.
Areggor, Hans, and Otto Glaus.
York: Praeger, 1967.
Toronto: Praxis Books, 1969.
Highrise Building and Urban Design.
New
Asrow, Sherwin P., and Anthony Vilar (eds.). Fire Protection of Highrise
Buildings. Chicago: Chicago Committee on High-Rise Buildings, 1972.
Benevolo, Leonardo. History of
MIT Press, 1971 •
Architecture. 2 vols.
~odern
Cambridge:
.Bland, John, and .l"orbert ~choenauer. Uni versi ty Housing in Canada.
Montreal: I~lcGill University Press, 1966.
Blijstra, H..
P.
u
~.
frown-Planning in the .i.~ether1ands Since 1900.
van Kampen and zoon, 1964.
Amsterdam:
Boston Building Department. Building Code--City.of Boston.
Building Department, 1970.
.
Buckley, lVdchael, and Mich~el Guran.
"1'~o. 1, December, 1971.
lIIl'ownframe, "
Boston:
Research, Vol. 3,
Building Officials' Conference of AIIlerica. BOCA Basic Building Code.
b'ifth edition. Chicago: Building Officials and Adminis tra tors
International, 1970.
Burnham, Daniel H., and .ti;dward H. Bennett.
Plan of Chicago.
.New York:
DaCapo Press, 1970.
Cambridge Historical Commission.
MIT Press, 1971.
~ort
three: Cambridgeport.
Caminos, Horacia, J·ohn F. C. Turner, and John A• .:;teffian.
Environments. Cambridge: ~ITT Press, 1969 •
Cambridge:
Urban Dwellin.e.
. Commonwealth of Massachusetts Special Commission on the Charles River
Basin. Report ~ Proposed Imnrovements of the Charles River Basin •.
Boston: Commonwealth of i"lB.ssachusetts Special Commission on the
Charles River Basin, 1929.
Coull, A., and B. Stafford Smith (eds.).
Pergamon Press, 1967.
Cullen, Gordon. iI'he Concise 'llownscape.
Co., 1961.
DeCarlo, Giancarlo. Urbino.
MIT Press, 1970.
'raIl Buildings.
l~ew
York:
Hew York: Van Nostrand Reinhold
trans. Loretta
~chaeffer
Guarda.
Cambridge:
./
I
16
Deeson, A• .If. L. '.Lhe Comprehensive Industrialised Building Almual, 1966.
London: House Publications, Ltd., 1964.
•
de Wolfe, Ivor.
1963 •
The Italian townscape.
London: The Architectural Press.
Diamant, R. M. E.
1965.
Industrialised
Building~.
London: Iliffe Books, Ltd.,
Diamant, 1(.
1965.
Industrialised
Building~.
London: Iliffe Books, Ltd.,
~.
E.
Campus Planning.
Dober, Richard P.
l~ew
York: rteinhold, 1963.
Doelle, Leslie L.
Environmental Acoustics.
Donat, JOhn (ed.).
world Architecture.4...
Downes, Wm. Howe.
The Charles rtiver Basin.
New York: MCGraw-Hill, 1972.
New York: Viking Press, 1967.
Boston: Wright and Potter Co.,
1~94.
Goody , Joan E.
~~ew
Archi tecture in Bos ton.
Great Britain Depar~ment of the Environment.
Her ~~jesty's ~tationery Office, 1971.
Cambridge: IvlIT Press., 1965.
Cars in Housing! 2.
London:
Great Bri tain i~rinistry of Rousing and Local Government. Dimensions and
Components for Housing. London: Her 1Vlajesty' s Stationery Uftice,
1963.
Great Britain Ninistry of Housing and. Local Government. Families Livin~ at
High Density. London: Her lv.lajesty' s Stationery Office, 1970.
Great Bri tain l~linistry of Housing and Local Government. Service Cores in
High Flats: Mechanical Ventilation of Inner Rooms. Loncion: Her
~~jesty's ~tationery Office, 1963.
Great Britain l'linistry of Housing and Local Government. Service Cores in
High Flats: ~ani tary Plumbing. London: Her l~J.ajesty' s .::>tatio~ery
Office, 1962.
Great Britain l·riniStry of Housing and Local Government. ~ome Aspects of
Designing for Old People. London: Her IJ1ajesty's ~tationery Office,
1968.
Great Bri tain lvunistry of Housing and Local Government.
London: Her Iviajestyts Stationery Oft'ice, 1965.
o:>pace in the Home.
Higginson, Henry L., et ale The Improvements of the Charles River Basin.
Boston: Wright and Potter, 1901.
International Association of Plumbing and IVlechanical Officials.
Plumbing Code, 1970 edition. Los Angeles': International
Association of Plumbing and Hechanical Officials, 1969.
Uniform
International Conference on vJind Effects on Huildings and structures.
i,ojind, Effects bn .iJuildings and ,:)~ructures, Vols. I and II. London:
Her Najesty's a::>tationery Office, 1965.
17
International Council for Building .H.esearch, Studies, and Documentation
(CIB). '~Jeathertight Joints for 'i·jalls. Oslo: iwrwegian Building
Research Institute, January, 1~6~.
•
Jeanneret-Gris, Charles i!;duoard. (Le Corbusier). rl'he City of 11 0morrow •
Ifrans. }I'rederick ~tchells. Camoridge:NI'll Press, 1'9'71.
Jeanneret-Gris, Charles Bduoard (Le Corbusier).
isme. Geneve: Editions Gonthier, 19b3.
},laniere de Penser L) Urban-
Jeanneret-Gris, Charles Eduoard ~1e Corbusier). rlihe Marseilles Block.
Trans. Geoffrey Sainsbury. London: The Harvill Press, 1953.
Jensen, Rolf.
High Density Living.
London: Leonard Hill, 1966.
Katz, rlobert D. Design of the Housing ~ite: A Critique of American Practice.
Urbana: Small Homes Council-Building rtesearch Council,
University of Illinois, 19b6.
Kira, Alexander. ~he Bathroom. Ithaca: Center for Housing and
Environmental Studies, Cornell University, 1966.
Liebbrand, Kurt. '1'ransportation and rl'OWn Planning.
Cambridge: !'furl1 Press, 1970.
I
rl'rans.
Lin, T. Y. Design of Prestressed Concrete Structures.
Wiley and ~ons, 196j.
Lynch, Kevin.
{Ii he Image of the City.
~ynch,
Site Planning.
Kevin.
l'~igel
deymer.
New York: John
Cambridge: MIT Press, 1960.
Cambridge: lVlIT Press, 1962.
faT Committee on Student Environment.
Men at MIT.
~rrT
An Interim Report on Housing for
Cambridge: NIT Committee on Student Bnvironment, 1963.
Department of Architecture. Highrise Housing in Steel: The
staggered truss System. Cambridge: 1,uT Department of Archi tecture,
19b7.
flIT Planning Office.
Graduate Residence Keport.
Cambridge:
1~1l1;
Planning
Office, 1964.
, MIl' Planning Office. Statement of Goals and Ob,iecti ves for r·UT Housing.
Cambridge: IVlrl' planning Office, lSlb9.
lV1atson, 'fheodore N., Wilbur .s. 3mi the and ,!!'rederick W. Hurd.
Engineering. l~ew York: NcGraw Hill, 1955.
rlraffic
Matthew, Robert lVl., IItl1he Planning and Location of High Buildings,"
Symposium .2!! the Design of High .buildings. Edited by Sean Nackey.
Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 1~b2.
l\IcGuinness, william J., and .oenjamin Stein. J:Jlechanical and £lectrical
Equipment for Buildings. New York: John Wiley . and Sons, Inc., 1971.
NcHarg, Ian 1. ..uesir'Tl!-li th l'Jature.
l'4ational History i?ress, l'jbj.
G3.r,len Ci ty, l.eH '[orl<.::
~>:JublcG.:<~/
18
Merritt, Frederick S. (ed.). Mechanical and Electrical Design of
Buildings for Archi tects and Bngineers. l~ew York: l;lcGraw Hill, 1966.
l"lokk, Laszlo. Frei'aoricated Concrete.
Akademiai Kiado, 1~o4.
lYlullins,
rJilliam, and Phyllis Allen.
Lockwood and bon, 1971.
'J:rans. Gabor Beke.
Student Housing.
Budapest:
London: Crosby
]'ire Protection Association. l~ational li'ire Codes, Vol. 4:
Building Construction and Facili ties. Boston: National Fire
Protection Association, 1973.
1~ationa1
1
Nervi, Pier Luigi. ~tructures. Trans. Giuseppina and Mario Salvadori.
New York: F. W. Dodge Corporation, 1956.
North Carolina State College of Agriculture and Engineering, School of
Design. Student Housing Survey. Raleigh, North Carolina: North
Carolina state University, 1968.
Parkin, P. H., H. J. Purkis, and W. E. Scholes. Field Measurements of
Sound Insulation Between Dwellings. London: Her ~ajesty's
~tationery Office, 1'360.
Parker, Harry. Simplified Engineering for Archi tects. and Builders.
York: John Wiley and. Sons, Inc., 1967.
Prestressed Concrete Institute.
Concrete Institute, 1971.
PCI Design Handbook.
Purkis, H. J., Building Physics: Acoustics.
Rasmussen, ;:;teen Biler.
Richards, Ian.
'liowns and Bui1dinKs.
Abbeys of Europe.
Chicago: Prestressed
hew York: Pergamon Press, 1966.
Cambridge: MIT Press, 1969.
Fel thaIn, lViiddlesex: Hamlyn, 1968.
Riker, Harold C., and Frank G. Lopez. College Students Live Here.
York: Education iacilities Laboratory, 1961.
Schmitt, Karl wilhelm.
l~ew
Multistory Housing.
New
New York: Praeger, 1966.
Shurtleff, Arthur A. tiThe Development of the Charles River Basin," New
Boston l\lagazine, Vol. 2., No.7, (l~ovember, 1911), 246-248. - Sitte, Camillo. City Planning According.i2.Artistic Principles. 1'rans.
George R. Collins and Christiane Craseman Collins. Hew York: Random
House, 1965.
Smithson, Alison and Eeter.
1970.
Stein, Clarence S.
1966.
Ordinariness end Light.
'lloward New J:owns for America.
Cambridge:
l~T
Press,
Cambridge: NIT Press,
tryon, George H. (ed.). Fire Protection Handbook. Thirteenth edition.
Boston: 1~ationa1 iire Protection Associa"tion, 1969.
19
United States Department of Housing and urban Development. A Guide to
Airborne, Impact, and structure Borne l~oise-Control in
Multifamily Dwellings. Washington: United States Department of
Housing and Urban Development, 1971.
United States Urban Advisors to the Federal Highway Administrator.. the
Freeway in the City. Washington: United ~tates Government Printing
Office, 1968.
University of California. Student Housing Cost Study, UiU3S Publication 3.
Berkeley: University of California, ()ctober, 1967.
Venturi, Hobert. Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture.
I"luseum of l~iodern art, 1906.
~addell,
Joseph J. (ed.).
Hill, 1968.
Concrete Construction Handbook.
.l~ew
New York:
York: l'¥w}raw
Wright, ]'rank Lloyd. IIhe work of :b rank Lloyd Wright: The Wendingen Edition.
~ew York: Bramhall House, 19b5.
1
)'rank Lloyd. writings and BUildings. Edited by Edgar Kaufmann and
Ben Haeburn. l~ew York: 'Norld Publishing Ca., 1960.
'~right,
Yergzes, Lyle F. Sound, l~oise and vibration Control.
.Nostrand rteinhold Co., 1969.
I,
i~ew
York: Van
Download