Physics 2D Quiz #1 Department of Physics, UCSD Prof. Pathria

advertisement
Physics 2D Quiz #1
Department of Physics, UCSD
Summer Session II - 2009
Prof. Pathria
7 August 2009
Some Useful Data
Speed of light, c = 3 × 108 m/s.
Lorentz Transformations:
x0 = γ(x − vt)
x = γ(x0 + vt0 )
γ=
t0 = γ(t − vx
c2 )
0
t = γ(t0 + vx
c2 )
q 1
2
1− vc2
Relative Velocity:
u0 =
u−v
1− uv
c2
Law of Addition of Velocities:
u=
u0 +v
0
1+ uc2v
Doppler effect (for light from a receding source):
q v
1−
f = f0 1+ vc
c
Instructions
Please write your answers in your blue book, and make sure your secret code
number is written on all pages in indelible ink.
1
1. Consider two systems of reference S and S 0 such that, relative to S, S 0 is in
uniform motion with velocity v. Two events E1 and E2 are observed in both
systems. In S 0 the events occur at the same place but are separated by a time
interval of 4 s. In S they occur at different places and are separated by a time
interval of 6 s.
(a) What is the value of v?
(b) What is the distance by which the two events appear separated in S?
2. At noon a rocketship pass the Earth with a velocity of 0.8c. Observers on
the ship and on the Earth agree that it is noon.
(a) At 12:30 p.m., as read by the rocketship clock, the ship passes an interplanetary station that is fixed relative to the Earth and whose clocks read
the Earth time. What time is it at the station when the ship passes by?
(b) How far from the Earth (in Earth coordinates) is the station?
(c) At 12:30 p.m. rocketship time, the ship reports by radio back to Earth.
When (by Earth time) does the Earth receive the signal?
3. A K 0 meson at rest decayed into a π + meson and a π − meson, one flying
east at a speed of 0.6c and the other flying west at the same speed of 0.6c. This
phenomenon was also watched by an observer S; the K 0 meson was moving east
at a speed of 0.8c during its decay with respect to the observer. What were the
velocities of the π mesons observed by S?
4. There is a spaceship shuttle service from Earth to Mars. Each spaceship is
equipped with two identical lights, one at the front and one at the rear. All
spaceships travel at the speed v relative to the Earth, with the result that the
headlight of a spaceship approaching the Earth appears green (with λ = 500
nm) while the taillight of a spaceship leaving the Earth appears as red (with
λ = 600 nm).
(a) What is the value of v?
(b) What is the proper wavelength of the lights?
2
Download