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Gen. Math. Notes, Vol. 9, No. 1, March 2012, pp.16-20 c ISSN 2219-7184; Copyright ICSRS Publication, 2012 www.i-csrs.org Available free online at http://www.geman.in Coefficient Inequality for Functions Whose Derivative has a Positive Real Part Oladipo A.T.1 and Fadipe-Joseph O.A.2 1 Department of Pure and Applied Mathematics, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, P.M.B. 4000,Ogbomoso, Nigeria E-mail: [email protected] 2 Department of Mathematics, University of Ilorin, P.M.B. 1515, Ilorin, Nigeria E-mail: [email protected] (Received: 12-11-11/Accepted: 7-3-12) Abstract Recently, Acu and Owa [1] further studied the work of Kanas and Ronning [2] by investigating the classes of close - to - convex and α− convex functions normalised with f (w) = f 0 (w) − 1 = 0 and w is a fixed point in E. Ghanim and Darus introduced another subclass using the fixed point. Necessary and sufficient conditions were provided for this class. The aim of this paper is to continue the investigation by extending this class of functions to the class Sn (α) defined by the Salagean [4], our result extends some existing ones and new ones are derived. Keywords: univalent functions, starlike function, convex function, closeto-convex function, α− convex function . 1 Introduction Let A denote the class of functions of the form f (z) = z + ∞ X k=2 ak z k (1) 17 Coefficient Inequality for Functions... which are analytic in the unit disk E = [z = |z| < 1]. Let S ⊂ A be the class of functions univalent in E Here we recall the following definitions of the well known classes of starlike, convex, n close-to-convex h 0 iand α− convex o functions. (z) S ∗ = f ∈ A : Re zff (z) > 0, z ∈ E n h S c = f ∈ A : Re 1 + n zf 00 (z) f 0 (z) ∗ i z∈E > 0, h 0 o i o (z) CC = f ∈ A : ∃ g ∈ S , Re zfg(z) > 0, z ∈ E Let w be a fixed point in E and A (w) = {f ∈ A (w) : f (w) = f 0 (w) − 1 = 0} The following classes were introduced in [2] and further studied in [1] S (w) = {f ∈ A (w) n: f ∈ S} h i o 0 (z) ST (w) = S ∗ (w) = f ∈ S (w) : Re (z−w)f > 0, z ∈ E f (z) n h CV (w) = S c (w) = f ∈ S (w) : Re 1 + See details in [1]. 2 (z−w)f 00 (z) f 0 (z) i > 0, z ∈ E o Preliminary Notes Let p (w) denote the class of all functions p (z) = 1 + ∞ X Bk (z − w)k (2) k=1 that are regular in E and satisfying p (w) = 1 and Rep (z) > 0 for z ∈ E, where 2 |Bk | ≤ (3) (1 + d) (1 − d)k and d = |w| and k ≥ 1. See [1, 2, 3]. Definition 1.1 [4]: A function f (z) ∈ A (w) is said to be in the class Snw (α) if and only if Re Dn+1 f (z) >α Dn f (z) (4) where 0 ≤ α < 1, n = 0, 1, 2, 3, . . . and z ∈ E and Dn is the Salagean differential operator and it is defined as follows: 0 D0 f (z) = f (z) , D0 f (z) = zf 0 (z) , . . . , Dn f (z) = z (Dn−1 f (z)) 3 Main Results These are the main results of the paper. 18 Oladipo A.T. et al. Theorem 3.1. Let f ∈ Snw (α) and f (z) = (z − w) + Then 1−α |a2 | ≤ n−1 2 (1 − d2 ) P∞ ak (z − w)k . (5) (1 − α) (1 + d) + 2 (1 − α)2 3n (1 − d2 )2 (6) 2 (1 − α) (1 + d)2 + 2 (1 − α)2 (5 + 3d − 2α) 3.4n (1 − d2 )3 (7) |a3 | ≤ |a4 | ≤ k=2 3 (1 − α) (1 + d)3 + 11 (1 − α)2 (1 + d)2 + 4 (1 − α)3 (4 + 3d − α) |a5 | ≤ (8) 2.3.5n (1 − d2 )4 where d = |w| Proof. Let us define Dn+1 f (z) Dn f (z) −α 1−α = p (z) (9) From equation(9) we have Dn+1 f (z) − αDn f (z) = p (z) (1 − α) Dn f (z) (10) Dn+1 f (z) = αDn f (z) + (1 − α) Dn f (z) p (z) (11) which readily yields On comparing the coefficients in equation (11) the results follows. Remarks Putting α = 0 and n = 0 in the results of Theorem 3.1 above, we obtain the coefficient bounds of Kanas and Ronning [2] immediately. With different choices of α and n different coefficients bounds can be obtained. Theorem 3.2. Let f ∈ Snw (α) . Then, |a3 − |a2 a4 −a23 | ≤ µa22 | (1 − α) (1 + d) + 2 (1 − α)2 µ (1 − α)2 ≤ − 2(n−1) 3n (1 − d2 )2 2 (1 − d2 )2 (12) (1 − α)2 (1 + d)2 + (1 − α)3 (5 + 3d − 2α) (1 − α)2 (1 + d)2 + 4 (1 − α)4 − 3.23n−2 (1 − d2 )4 32n (1 − d2 )4 (13) 19 Coefficient Inequality for Functions... where µ ≥ 1 Proof. The proof is immediate from Theorem 3.1 Theorem 3.3. Let w be a fixed point in E and f ∈ Snw (α) and f (z) = (z − w) + ∞ X bk (z − w)k (14) k=2 with respect to function g (z) ∈ S ∗ (w), where g (z) = (z − w) + ∞ X ak (z − w)k (15) k=2 Then, k−1 X 1 n 2 (1 − α) |bk | ≤ n+1 k |ak | + (k − ρ)n |ak−ρ | k (1 + d) (1 − d)k−ρ ρ=1 (16) where d = |w|, k ≥ 2 and aρ = 1 Proof. Let f ∈ Snw (α) with respect to the function g ∈ S ∗ (w) Then there exists a function p ∈ P (w) such that Dn+1 f (z) Dn g(z) −α 1−α = p (z) (17) k where p (z) = 1 + ∞ k=1 Bk (z − w) Using the hypothesis through identification of (z − w)k coefficients, we have P k n+1 bn = k n ak + k−1 X (1 − α) (k − ρ)n ak−ρ Bk−ρ (18) ρ=1 where a1 and k ≥ 2. From equation(18) we have the result. Remarks If we use the estimates in Theorem 3.1, we obtain some estimates for the coefficients bk , k = 2, 3, 4, . . .. Also, at α = 0, n = 0, we obtain the results of Acu and Owa [2]. Acknowledgements The second author’s work was completed while the author was a visiting researcher at the African Institute of Mathematical Sciences, South Africa. 20 Oladipo A.T. et al. References [1] M. Acu and S. Owa, On some subclasses of univalent functions, Journal of Inequalities in Pure and Applied Mathematics, 6(Issue 3) (2005), Article 70, 1-14. [2] S. Kanas and F. Ronning, Uniformly starlike and convex functions and other related classes of univalent functions, Ann. Univ. Mariae Curie Sklodowska, section A(53) (1991), 95-105. [3] F. Ghanim and M. Darus, On new subclass of analytic univalent function with negative coefficient II, Inter. Journal of Math. Analysis, 2 (2008), 893-906. [4] G.S. Salagean, Subclasses of univalent functions, Complex Analysis - Fifth Romanian Finish Seminar, Bucharest, 1(1981), 362-372.