Science SCI.IV.1.1 Strand: Using Scientific Knowledge in Physical Science - Matter and Energy Standard: Benchmark: Grade: 1 All students will measure and describe the things around us Classify common objects and substances according to observable attributes/properties. Constructing and Reflecting: SCI.I.1..1 - Generate reasonable questions about the world based on observation SCI.I.1.5 - Develop strategies and skills for information gathering and problem solving. SCI.I.1.6 - Construct charts and graphs and prepare summaries of observations. SCI.II.1.1 - Develop an awareness of the need for evidence in making decisions scientifically. Vocabulary / Key Concept Texture: • rough • smooth Flexibility: • rigid • flexible • stiff • strong • firm Smell: • pleasant • unpleasant States of matter: • solid • liquid • gas Magnetic properties: • attract • repel • push • pull Size:(K-3) • larger • smaller Color: • color words Shape: • circle • square • triangle • rectangle • oval Weight: • heavy • light • heavier • lighter Context Common objects: • desks • coins • pencils • buildings • snowflakes Common substances: • solids: o copper o plastic o iron o Styrofoam o wood • liquids: o alcohol o water o milk o juice • gases: o air o water vapor o helium Knowledge and Skills Resources Benchmark Clarification: Coloma Resources: Objects can be described by observing their physical properties / characteristics. Reality is perceived by the five senses. Some of the easiest characteristics to observe are: EveryDay Math program for First Grade, Unit 7 (shapes/attributes) • color • size • shape • texture • smell • states of matter Students will: • • • Describe common objects using physical characteristics/observable attributes and appropriate descriptive terms (e.g., rough is texture, rigid is flexibility, oval is shape) Classify/sort common objects using physical characteristics/observable attributes Increase the numbers of identified characteristics at each grade level See Shadows: objects that let light pass through or objects that block light, (SCI.IV.4.E.4). See Materials that conduct electricity or objects that do not conduct electricity, (SCI.IV.1.E.2). How to Make an Apple Pie and See the World (from social studies resources) including Reading Rainbow VHS and teaching guide. Other Resources: Little Shop of Physics – Colorado State Univ. – lots of fun and simple experiments to try with your students! Includes the ultimate bubble recipe! (choose amazing physics experiments) http://littleshop.physics.colostate.edu/OnlineExp eriments/OnlineExpts.html Michigan Teacher Network Resources http://mtn.merit.edu/mcf/SCI.IV.1.E.1.html BCISD – Classroom Resources - Science http://www.remc11.k12.mi.us/bcisd/classres/psci ence.htm Exploratorium – Science Snacks about Liquids – http://www.exploratorium.com/snacks/iconfluids. html Instruction Focus Question: How are given objects alike and different? Teacher will provide students with collections of buttons, pebbles, writing utensils, kitchen implements, blocks or balls (any type of collection) and ask students to describe them using the terms for shape, color, size, weight and texture. Students will describe two objects to the class. Teacher will ascertain use of description words. Assessment None Teacher Notes: http://www.misd.net/mibig/ Beginning in the elementary years, students should be able to identify the properties of materials that make them useful. This can be tied to simple ideas like strength or stretching and to more complex ideas like the conduction of heat and electricity. In the high school years, students are asked to analyze properties of common household and agricultural materials for risks and benefits.