Coastal Policy Class Fall 2003 Essay Exam # 1 Study Guide Prof. Steffen Schmidt Ph.D. Material assigned in the textbook The Future of US Ocean Policy and readings in the second half of the course. The Future of U.S. Ocean Policy is a very comprehensive survey of United States Ocean and Coastal policy. (It is also a reference book you should keep for future use). As you review the book, in preparation for taking the essay test, in addition to studying the important details and evolution of U.S. ocean/coastal policy, you should focus specially on the "meta" (i.e. big picture) dimensions of this policy. The following essay study questions should help you focus your review and reflect on what we think are the most significant insights of this important book. Questions I. All public policy has a history- i.e. has evolved over time. Briefly describe how United States ocean and coastal policy developed as discussed in The Future of U.S. Ocean Policy. Specifically: 1. What is the major difference between the policy in the early days (colonial period and early decades after the founding of the country) and today? 2. What, in your opinion, accounts for the difference (i.e. what accounts for the change) between how we used to deal with coastal and ocean issues and how we do so now? II. After reading The Future of US Ocean Policy identify and briefly describe what you see as the most significant public policy enacted in the United States to address coastal and ocean issues. Why was this law or policy enacted at the time that it was? Was there any "politics" involved in the enactment of this policy (briefly summarize the political considerations that accompanied the debate and enactment of this policy). III. As we enter the 21st century, ocean and coastal policy is characterized by a new urgency. Discuss the most important current and future problems that must be addressed by United States policymakers as discussed in The Future of US Ocean Policy. Try to identify federal (i.e. national), state, and also local level governmental as well as non- governmental (i.e. non-profit, private business, citizen action, and other) actors and policies that require attention and action. IV. As you review The Future of US Ocean Policy, describe who are the most powerful interests who have shaped America's ocean and coastal policy. Why do you think these groups, organizations, and/or individuals in particular have been so influential in shaping these policies? In your analysis, are these the same groups that still most directly affect national coastal policy today or are there new actors and groups involved in the process today? V. There is a TV show called "The Weakest Link". After reading the book and the other material in the second half of the class, what do you see as the weakest link in implementing effective coastal zone and ocean policy today? What factors are preventing the implementation of U.S. national ocean/coastal policies that quickly and efficiently address the most urgent current and future needs? Remember that your answer may include some of the following: lack of sufficient scientific information weakness of public opinion and public pressure/lobbying for ocean and coastal remedies evil and selfish interests that want to exploit the oceans and shores public ignorance and indifference to coastal areas other problems that you have identified End of the study guide.