231 Tutorial Sheet 13. 3 Febuary 2006 Useful facts:

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231 Tutorial Sheet 13.12
3 Febuary 2006
Useful facts:
• The Fourier integral or Fourier transform:
Z ∞
dk fg
(k)eikx
f (x) =
−∞
Z ∞
1
g
f (k) =
dx f (x)e−ikx
2π −∞
• The Dirac delta function:
Z
∞
dx f (x)δ(x) = f (0)
−∞
• If h(x) is a continuous function
Z ∞
dx f (x)δ[h(x)] =
−∞
X
xi :f (xi )=0
f (xi )
|h0 (xi )|
Questions
1. Express the following functions as Fourier integrals:
(a)
f (x) =
cos x |x| <
0
|x| >
π
2
π
2
(b)
f (x) =
sin x
x
2. Prove the following properties of the Fourier transform
(a) The Fourier transform of an even function is even.
(b) The Fourier transform of a real odd function is purely
(c) f˜0 (k) = ik f˜(k).
(d) Acting with the Fourier transform four times reproduces the original function
apart from an overall constant.
1
2
Conor Houghton, [email protected], see also http://www.maths.tcd.ie/~houghton/231
Including material from Chris Ford, to whom many thanks.
1
3. Compute
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
Z
∞
dx x2 δ(x − 3)
−∞
Z
Z
Z
∞
dx δ(x2 + x)
−∞
2
dx ex δ 0 (x − 1)
0
∞
dx e−ax δ(cos x)
0
Z
∞
dx δ(eax cos x).
0
(f)
d aθ(x)
e
.
dx
where a is a constant.
2
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