# M.S. COMPREHENSIVE EXAMINATION IN APPLIED MATHEMATICS January 14, 2003

advertisement ```M.S. COMPREHENSIVE EXAMINATION IN APPLIED MATHEMATICS
January 14, 2003
1. Use singular perturbation techniques to find the leading order uniform approximation to the
solution to the ODE boundary value problem
d2 y
dy
+ 2 + y 3 = 0, 0 &lt; t &lt; 1,
2
dt
dt
y(0) = 0,
1
y(1) = .
2
2. Find the exremal for the functional
1
J(y) =
2
Z
1
0
1
y 0 (x)2 dx + y(0)2 + y(0)
2
subject to the constraints y ∈ C 2 [0, 1] and y(1) = 2.
3. Consider the wave equation on an infinite interval given by
utt
u(x, t)
ux (x, t)
u(x, 0)
ut (x, 0)
=
→
→
=
=
c2 uxx , −∞ &lt; x &lt; ∞ , t &gt; 0
0 , |x| → 0
0 , |x| → 0
f (x) , −∞ &lt; x &lt; ∞
0 , −∞ &lt; x &lt; ∞ ,
where f is assumed to have a Fourier transform. Solve this using Fourier transforms. Hint:
The following shift formula for the function g (assumed to have a Fourier transform) may be
helpful.
F {g(x − a)} = e−iξa F {g(x)} .
Hence
(F g)(ξ) cos(cξt) = (1/2)F (g(x))[e−icξt + eicξt ]
leads to the fact that the inverse Fourier transform for (F g)(ξ) cos(cξt) is given by (1/2)[g(x −
ct) + g(x + ct)].
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